Difference between revisions of "Philanthropic"

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(PAST MASTERS)
 
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* John Traill, 1828, 1830
 
* John Traill, 1828, 1830
 
* '''Charter not in force 1834-1846'''
 
* '''Charter not in force 1834-1846'''
* David Blaney, 1847, 1858  
+
* David Blaney, 1847-1858  
 
* H.H.F. Whittemore, 1859, 1862               
 
* H.H.F. Whittemore, 1859, 1862               
 
* Michael J. Doak, 1863, 1866, 1875, 1876, 1880, 1881   
 
* Michael J. Doak, 1863, 1866, 1875, 1876, 1880, 1881   
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* Robert B. Clark, 1971, 1972
 
* Robert B. Clark, 1971, 1972
 
* Douglas F. Hulsman, 1973, 1974; '''[http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MANecrologiesHM#HULSMAN.2C_DOUGLAS_FREDERICK_1931-2014 N]'''
 
* Douglas F. Hulsman, 1973, 1974; '''[http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MANecrologiesHM#HULSMAN.2C_DOUGLAS_FREDERICK_1931-2014 N]'''
* ''John R. Blaney'', 1975, 1976; '''PDDGM'''
+
* John R. Blaney, 1975, 1976; '''[http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MANecrologiesAG#BLANEY.2C_JOHN_RAYMOND_1945-2018 N]'''
* ''Robert P.B. Wright'', 1977, 1978
+
* Robert P. B. Wright, 1977, 1978
 
* Charles H. Briggs, 1979, 1980
 
* Charles H. Briggs, 1979, 1980
 
* James T. Martin, Jr., 1981, 1982
 
* James T. Martin, Jr., 1981, 1982
* ''James C. Full'', 1983, 1984
+
* James C. Full, 1983, 1984
 
* ''Dincer Ulutas'', 1985, 1986
 
* ''Dincer Ulutas'', 1985, 1986
 
* ''Kenneth O. Glass'', 1987, 1988
 
* ''Kenneth O. Glass'', 1987, 1988
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* ''John F. Belanger'', 2003, 2004
 
* ''John F. Belanger'', 2003, 2004
 
* ''Timothy J. Doane'', 2005, 2006
 
* ''Timothy J. Doane'', 2005, 2006
* ''William H. Kelley'', 2007, 2008
+
* William H. Kelley, 2007, 2008
 
* ''Allan J. Martin'', 2009, 2010; '''DDGM'''
 
* ''Allan J. Martin'', 2009, 2010; '''DDGM'''
 
* ''Jonathan F. Morley'', 2011, 2012
 
* ''Jonathan F. Morley'', 2011, 2012
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* ''David M. Kiezer'', 2013, 2014
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* ''Nicholas Michaud'', 2015, 2016
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* ''Damian A. Johnson'', 2017, 2018
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* ''Dana Lemieux'', 2019
 
</div>
 
</div>
  
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'''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear2004 2004]'''
 
'''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear2004 2004]'''
 
'''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear2007 2007]'''
 
'''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear2007 2007]'''
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'''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear2013 2013]'''
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'''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear2014 2014]'''
 
</blockquote>
 
</blockquote>
  
 
=== HISTORY ===
 
=== HISTORY ===
  
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* '''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear1880 1880]''' (Historical Sketch, from New England Craftsman; see below)
 
* '''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear1900 1900]''' (Historical Address, 1900-71; see below)
 
* '''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear1900 1900]''' (Historical Address, 1900-71; see below)
* '''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear1910 1910]''' (150th a; see below)
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* '''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear1910 1910]''' (150th Anniversary, from New England Craftsman; see below)
* '''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear1935 1935]''' (175th Anniversary History, 1935-48; not in Proceedings)
+
* '''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear1935 1935]''' (175th Anniversary History, 1935-48; from New England Craftsman; see below)
 
* '''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear1960 1960]''' (200th Anniversary History, 1960-41; see below)
 
* '''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear1960 1960]''' (200th Anniversary History, 1960-41; see below)
 
* '''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear1985 1985]''' (225th Anniversary History, 1985-40)
 
* '''[http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MassachusettsYear1985 1985]''' (225th Anniversary History, 1985-40)
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==== HISTORICAL SKETCH, MAY 1880 ====
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''From Liberal Freemason, Vol. IV, No. 3, June 1880, Page 67:''
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On the occasion of reviving Philanthropic Lodge, in Marblehead, alluded to in our last number, the Secretary, Bro. S. P. Hatheway, Jr., read a paper, giving, as will be seen, a historical sketch of that organization. He has kindly furnished us the copy, and, though somewhat lengthy, we print it for the benefit of those interested. After alluding to the feeling of regard one must have for those whose good deeds have made green their memories, and for traditions associated With things long past, he says:
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"Our Lodge has such traditions and memories. We turn to its Record, and we live with a century of Masonry that has passed. We look at its Charter which so many noble hands have held, and find the name of Paul Revere. We bend at its altar, and grasp the square and compasses that were taken from the Powder ship that Mugford captured. We are met at the door of the Tiler with the first sword that was drawn in this State at the President's call for troops in the late rebellion, which, in another century, will be as historic as the others. But briefly, let us together look through the records; it will be old to some, tiresome to many, but food to all.
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"The first knowledge we have of Masonry in this town, is obtained from the records of the Grand Lodge. Therein we find, on the 25th of March, 1760, Dr. Lowell, and some others, went to Boston to be made Masons, were so made by Bro. [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMGridley Jeremy Gridley], then Grand Master, and were authorized to form a Lodge in this place. (It was twenty-seven years after the establishment of Masonry in America, but of the time or place of meeting, no record remains.) The presumption is, that after forming the Lodge their numbers failed to increase, and having become discouraged, they returned the charter or dispensation, to wait a more favorable opportunity. There are but two Lodges older than this in the State, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=StJohnB St. John's] and [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=StAndrew St. Andrew's]: St. John's, chartered in England in 1733, (being then the Grand Lodge from which our charter was obtained); St. Andrew's, chartered as a Grand Lodge in Scotland in 1756. In 1792, these two authorities united to form what is now the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, but retained their charters as subordinate Lodges. An application was made sometime between 1760 and 1778, by Samuel Glover, and a warrant granted, but the brethren not meeting once in twelve months, it was forfeited. In 1778, the charter was again granted by Right Worshipful Brother [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMRowe John Rowe], to Brother Richard Harris and others. They assembled together on the 15th day of January, at the house of the Widow King, and formed a regular Lodge. Where that house stood, we know not, but probably it remains a memory of those days, although unknown to us. It was in the midst of those times, when the clouds hung blackest over our land, when the wise and the true took counsel together, when the fair fields of Lexington and Bunker Hill had been crimsoned by the blood of their brethren, that this Lodge was formed.
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"For a time the Lodge appears to have gained in numbers, and In have prospered. Persons were initiated from Maine, Connecticut, and different parts of our own State, and we presume the Lodge to have been very proficient in the work. Let us imagine the first night the Brethren met under the new Constitution. One has been stationed at the outer door as Tiler, another remains in the small ante-room to arrange the pipes, tobacco, and punches, by the aid of tallow candles. We see the large, loose cloaks lain on the chairs, and the cocked or beaver hats piled in the corner. A small sheet-iron stove, healed by pine knots, makes it very comfortable; but let us enter, and 'this is Masons Hall'; the floor sanded, the windows darkened by thick curtains, but the light is an improvement on the ante-room, for here are wax candles in large and elaborately wrought brass candle-sticks, with snuffers ready for use; then look at the immense lire-place, with its huge logs crackling and spitting while they send out a genial heat. The fender and brass andirons, shovel and tongs, are indeed a curious sight; but notice around the fire-place the different pictures on marble of scenes from Scripture; above it is a mirror brought from Bilboa, a return for some fishing adventure; and the settles, straight-back and unpainted, and the curiously carved leather-seated chairs, and there, too, as in all times, is the altar with the Holy Bible, Square, and Compasses, and the three burning tapers. In the East sits Master Richard Harris, clothed in short clothes, with large silver buckles at the knee, and the same on his shoes; his ample vest is covered by a velvet coat of the fashionable cut of those days; on his head a cocked hat, from under which his cue comes down, and we should judge from the appearance of his coat collar, that his hair was powdered ; slowly he rises from his seat, and taking in his hand that charter which is now the choice treasure of this Lodge, says: 'Brethren I have congregated you together this evening to form a Lodge, But first, "as no man should ever engage in any great or important undertaking without first invoking the blessing ><\ Deity, let us unite in prayer"; the prayer ended, he proceeds, "by virtue of the authority vested in me, I appoint Brother Fettyplace, Senior Warden; Brother Roads, Junior
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Warden.
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"No further business, Lodge is closed, and drawing around the fire-place, with their pipes, tobacco, and punches they talk of the events that are happening around in serious tones. What the future may bring forth, Cod only knows; whether the cause of freedom and humanity, or of tyranny and despotism shall triumph, none know; but one resolve is theirs, they will not yield whether they survive or perish. Together they go forth into the clear, frosty air of that January night, each to his own home. As night after night they meet, they see their numbers increase, till at List, in the course of a few years, they have a large lodge. The names of many members in those early clays have been made familiar to us by tradition; Harris, Trevitt, Lee, Orne, Fettyplace, Gerry, Hooper. There are others, well known then, but now forgotten.
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"We find by the Record that they usually celebrated the annual feasts of both the Sts. John in June and December. Those were the days when the wine sparkled on the board, and the merry jest and song went round.- The times have changed, whether for the better, let each judge for himself, but not for their brother. Far be it from me to disparage our own times; nor will I think less of those, for I know they were noble men, within whose breasts beat hearts filled with charity and brotherly love. The wine is banished from our boards, but we hope that charity and brotherly love remains as strong as of old.
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"As we glance over the Record, we find death comes among them and takes some Brother away, and we can almost imagine we hear the wail of the penetential hymn sounding clown through the years, and the Master's voice saying, 'Dust to dust, ashes to ashes', the acacia and the silent tear are dropped, and the brethren pass on.
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"The office of Master is filled by Bro. Harris from 1778 to '81; Samuel R. Trevitt from 1781 to'82; Elisha Story, 1782 to '86. Then for ten years no record appears. They meet on the evening of April 20th, 1786, choose officers for the coming year, make rules, and close. They meet again February, 1797, to attend the funeral of a Brother. Their work appears to have fallen off from 1783, so much so that sometimes they meet, but not in numbers sufficient to open a Lodge. Thursday. Feb. 14th, 1797, they meet and made choice of officers. Elisha Story is again chosen, and holds office by re-election, or because of no election, till 1803. June 12, 1797, the Lodge came under the Jurisdiction of the United Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, and received the name 'Philanthropic,' which it now bears.
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" In February, 1780, the Lodge voted that the hall they then occupied was not convenient, and a committee was appointed to procure one more suitable. Brother Peter Jayne let them his assembly rooms as a Lodge room, upon their furnishing him with sixteen cords of wood per annum, as long as they continued his tenants. They occupied these rooms from February till October of the same year, when the Lodge was again removed to the house of Bro. Burdick. Whether the removal was caused by the supply of wood falling off, the Record says not.
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"The festival of St. John's Day, 1783, was celebrated in what they would term, I suppose, ample form. The Secretary has entered upon his records even the price to be paid per head, '3s. for the dinner, 6d. for a bottle of wine more than the first cost, 2 pence for a bowl of punch, 1 pence for a bowl of grog.' Not very temperate, we should say, but then, this festival came but once a year, and if in those days clue restraint was not placed, as it may have been, upon their appetites, it was upon their passions, which are now more a source of trouble than drinking was then, for by the records we read, that words spoken in temper in a Lodge-room, were sufficient cause for expulsion. Were this rule adopted in our days, there would be many a vacant seat in evtry Lodge. The Lodge, in those days, appears to have met once in two weeks, or oftener, if work required it; they adopted rules which were suspended by a majority vote of the members present.
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"As an example: on one Lodge night a certain person applied for initiation ; he was balloted for and negatived ; twice the same thing occurs ; the application was laid on the table till the next meeting, and again balloted for; again a black ball; the Lodge then appointed a committee 'to see what shall be done'; they report, 'suspend the 9th rule and admit him,' and he was accordingly admitted, and some meetings later the 9th rule was renewed. Let me here state from the records another little incident: Two brothers have a disagreement; after some talk, it is agreed to by both, that the matter be referred to two other brethren; but one of the disputants makes this reservation: 'I will leave it to be decided by the brothers agreed on, but may hell and damnation seize my soul if I abide by the award, unless it be in my favor.'
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"As we follow the Records along, there is plainly seen a rise and fall, for a few years on the topmost wave, the next in its receding foam, then lost from sight, but soon to appear again. Seasons of prosperity and adversity follow one another along in quick succession, sometimes calling special meetings for work, then closing because of none. On the first day of January, 1800, the Lodge met and passed a resolve that the Brethren wear black crape with blue ribbon on the left arm for thirty days as a badge of mourning for the decease of their Illustrious Brother, George Washington, and to listen to an eulogy to be pronounced the next day by Joseph Story, Esq. He who pronounced that eulogy piaced his name on the rolls nl fame as a Jurist higher than any American has ever reached, Other places may claim names famed in the records of Jurisprudence, but this town claims a Story higher. The records close, 1803, with Elisha Story as Master, and open Jan. 10, 1809 with Ralph French as Master. Then for the first time we find an account of installation of officers. He held the office for one year, and a large number were initiated. He was re-elected, but declined, and Bro. Eben G. Evans was elected, serving one year. Bro. John Candler was then elected, and served till the surrender of the charter in 1812.
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"But three times in the Records do we find a presentation made to any Master or Brother. In 1810, a medal was presented to Brother French; in 1859, a Past Master's Jewel is presented to Wor. Brother Blaney as tokens of respect for their services in Masonry; and, in April, 1872, a purse of money to Brother Peter J. Rogers, on his eightieth birthday, and then more than fifty years a Mason.
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"At a meeting, Jan. 23, 1812, the Lodge voted to return the charter. Then war again raged, but now its fiercest conflicts were upon the ocean, and this town sent forth her bravest sons to aid in the conflict upon the decks of Privateers or Battleships. They nobly did their duty, and at the close of that war, had a roll of the members of the old Lodge been called, the greater number of responses would have come from Dartmoor, or the prison-hulks of England. From 1812 to 1821, Masonry remained silent in this town, but in April of 1821, a meeting of several of the Brethren was holden for the purpose of consulting on the expediency of re-establishing the Lodge. Of the thirteen petitioners for the restoration of the charter, not one is now living, the last one, Bro. E. Kimball, having died within a year. At a meeting, April 9th, Brother [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLJBartlett John Bartlett] was elected Master, and all the other offices filled. June 24th, 1822, the new hall was dedicated (this house was afterwards purchased and occupied by Bro David Blaney, and it is in possession of the family at this date, 1880), by the Grand Lodge, with honors. An oration was delivered by Bro. [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLTMHarris Thaddeus M. Harris], of Dorchester, and a dinner was prepared at the Fort. All of us here present remember that day by tradition; for myself, the first recollection that I have of Masonry was the saying, that it always rained when the Masons walked. I believe that it was generally conceded by all, that it never rained harder before, and never will again rain as on that day. The fact of it is a matter of record, and also the fact that it was much needed, as vegetation was suffering, and it was regarded as a great blessing from the Grand Master of the Universe. Brother John Bartlett remained as Master till 1825, then Bro R. W. French for one year, then Bro. Creasey for two years, then Bro. [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLDTrefry Trefry] for one year, then Bro. Traill. Under these, the Lodge increased in numbers and prospered, till the dark days of Masonry came on. Then, in that wild tempest of fanaticism, with most of the Lodges in this vicinity, it again surrendered its charter. In those days, to be a Mason was indeed to be a marked man, doubted and mistrusted; but that fiery ordeal through which it then passed became a positive good, for the cowardly and the mean, the scheming politician, and the vile demagogue, who had sought for the means of rising to political power within its Lodges, left it, never, we hope, again to return. Then it was the true Mason stood fearless and erect, conscious that in the end virtue and light would be triumphant. For awhile the storm raged, but soon spent its fury, then broken and scattered, the clouds rolled away, the Sun came out again, the Lodge slowly revived, and the true Mason found himself by its consecrated altars.
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"In March, 1841, the Charter was again called back, and Brother John Bartlett elected Master. He held office till December of the same year, when Bro. Trefry was elected, who held office till 1846, when by public installation, Bro. David Blaney was installed as Master. He held the office till December, 1858, the space of twelve years, the longest consecutive time ever held. When his successor was elected, Bro. Blaney was the only Past Master living. He died last year (1879), one of the best and truest of Masons. In 1858, Brother H. H. F. Whittemore was elected, and held the office till December, 1862. In 1860 the Lodge celebrated its one hundredth anniversary, and by curious coincidence, the W. Master was of the same profession at the birth of the Lodge, and on the celebration of its hundredth birth-day. The Lodge at that time numbered sixty-two members, and every member not absent from town was present on that occasion ; it was but twenty years ago. Yet twenty-eight of those who gathered at that festival have passed to the Grand Lodge above; among them, the Worshipful Master, Treasurer, Secretary, Marshal, and Chaplain.
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"In December, 1862, Bro. M. J. Doak was elected Master, and held office till December, 1867, when Brother Jonathan Cole was elected and held office till December, 1868, when Brother Pitman was elected Master and held office till December, 1872, when Bro. W. H. Wormstead was elected; he held office till February, 1875, when Brother Doak was installed and remained as Master till the surrender of the charter in 1876.
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"I have thus briefly sketched the history of the Lodge, as found in its Records, not so ably as it could be done by many of our brethren present, but in my own plain way, showing that though the Lodge may have lain dormant during some years of the past century, yet still the fires on its altars have ever burned, though somewhat covered with ashes. Like the vestal fires of the ancients, it needed but the breath to make the embers glow, and the sweet breath of the spring now has started them into new life and being."
  
 
==== HISTORICAL ADDRESS, MARCH 1900 ====
 
==== HISTORICAL ADDRESS, MARCH 1900 ====
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* [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMNickerson#HISTORICAL_NOTES_AT_PHILANTHROPIC_LODGE.2C_MARCH_1900 Historical Addenda] by Recording Secretary Sereno D. Nickerson
 
* [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMNickerson#HISTORICAL_NOTES_AT_PHILANTHROPIC_LODGE.2C_MARCH_1900 Historical Addenda] by Recording Secretary Sereno D. Nickerson
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==== HISTORICAL ARTICLE, MAY 1906 ====
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''From New England Craftsman, Vol. I, No. 8, May 1906, Page 265:''
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<p align=center>
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http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/images/StephenPHathaway.jpg  http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/images/BenjaminColeJr.jpg<br>
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''Stephen P. Hathaway; Benjamin Cole, Jr.''<br>
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''Secretary of Philanthropic Lodge, 40 Years; Treasurer''<br>
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<br>
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http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/images/WilliamDTTrefry1906.jpg  http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/images/HPGardner.jpg<br>
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''William D. T. Trefry; H. P. Gardner''<br>
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''Past Master and Historian; Worshipful Master''
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</p>
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Philanthropic Lodge of Marblehead, Mass. is the third oldest lodge under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, dating from March 25, 1760. Its interesting history has been told by two of its members on occasions of public importance, first by Bro. Stephen P. Hathaway, Secretary of the lodge, in an address delivered at the observance of the one hundred and twenty-fifth anniversary of the lodge, again by Wor. Brother [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLWTrefry William D. T. Trefry], March 27, 1900, at the one hundred and fortieth anniversary, when the new hall of the lodge was dedicated.
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These two addresses, both of which are full of interesting facts relating to the early days of the old lodge, furnish the material for the following article. The circumstances attending the formation of the lodge are unknown beyond the fact that the commission to open the lodge was granted to Dr. John Lowell, and bears the date of March 25, 1760. A few years ago the Grand Lodge received from a descendant of Dr. Lowell a letter written by Dr. Lowell, April 10, 1760, to John Leverett, Grand Secretary, which throws light on the proceedings and discloses the names of the men who were associated with Dr. Lowell in the organization of the Lodge.
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<blockquote>
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''LETTER OF DR. JOHN LOWELL.''<br>
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<br>
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Marblehead April 10. 5760. <br>
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<br>
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To the Right Worshipfull Brother<br>
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John Leverett,  ''Grand Secretary.''<br>
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<br>
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''Right Worshipful Brother,'' I Rec'd the Commission you sent me from the Right Worshipfull Grand Master bearing Date the 25th Ult°. to Act as Master of a Lodge in Marblehead. When I have a Convenient Oppertunity in person I shall Endeavour to Acknowlege the favour in a proper manner to him & the Rest of the Right Worshipfull Officers. I Likewise have Received your Letter of the 2d. Inst: Inviting me & my Wardens by Order of the Right Worshipfull Grand Master to the Grand Lodge or Quarterly Communication. I Am Sorry I cant do myself that Pleasure, My Wife Expecting to Lay in with a Child this month & the Time is so Uncertain that I cant possibly be from home, But our Brothers Glover and Tucker whom I have Appointed my Wardens (Pro Tempore) will wait upon you. Inclosed I have sent you the Names of those whom I found to be Brethren in the Town and whom I have made at two meetings 6ince I opened the Lodge. I have thought fit at present to hold our Lodge in a Chamber of our Brother Tukers House which is at the Entrance of the Town the Largest and Best Situated upon all Accounts we have among us. The Night of our Meeting is the first Thursday in every Month. Our Last Meeting Consisted of Twenty in Number when I mentioned to them the Charity for our poor Brethren. As We have Been at Considerable Expcnce for Things Necessary to furnish our Lodge Genteelly it has taken up all the Money in our Box which we have got by Admitting New Brethren and more, so that we could not send you so much as perhaps this Necessitous time requires, our Lodge being Young & Few.    But as a Number of our Brethren have we Collected among us Forty pounds Old Tenor which my Wardens will deliver you & hope the Sum tho' Small will be acceptable. <br>
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I am Right Worshipfull<br>
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Your Humble Servant & Brother<br>
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Jn". Lowell <br>
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Then follows the names of twenty-one brethren.
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</blockquote>
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Dr. Lowell is first mentioned in the records of St. John's Grand Lodge Jan. 31, 1757, when he was present with five other gentlemen "who came to town from Marblehead with Bro. Lowell on purpose to be made a Mason." Four of those mentioned were probably on the staff of the Earl of Loudoun, they were made Masons so they might attend the Feast of St. John the Evangelist which had been postponed more than a month in anticipation of the arrival of the Earl, who was Commander-in-Chief of his Majesty's forces in America and Past Grand Master of Masons in England. There is no record of the proceedings of the Marblehead Lodge from 1760 to 1768, but the Records of the Grand Lodge show that the Lodge was represented in April and October 1760, in July 1761 and at two Communications in 1762. After this time the Lodge was not represented in Grand Lodge, but several references made to the lodge show that it was considered under the government of the Grand Lodge as late as Jan. 25, 1768. No further record is made of the Lodge in the Records of the Grand Lodge and no record of the Lodge is known until 1778. Sometime previous to the latter date Samuel Glover made application for a charter; but after receiving it, the Brethren not meeting once in twelve months, it was forfeited.
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In 1778 the charter was again granted by Provincial Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMRowe John Rowe] to Brother Richard Harris and others. They assembled on the fifteenth day of January, at the house of the widow King, and formed a regular Lodge.
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It was in the midst of those times when the clouds hung blackest over our land, when the wise and the true took council together, when the fields of Lexington and Bunker Hill had been crimsoned by the blood of their Brethren,— that this Lodge for the third time received its charter. Then many of its Brethren no doubt had joined that regiment of one thousand, from this place, who had guided Washington and his army in their retreat from Long Island, and over the cold waters of the Delaware. For a time the Lodge appears to have gained in numbers, and to have prospered. Persons were initiated from Maine, Connecticut and different parts of our own Colony, and we presume the Lodge to have been very proficient in the work.
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Let us imagine the first night the Brethren met under the returned charter. One has been stationed in the entry as Tiler; another remains in the small room to arrange the pipes, tobacco and punches. By the aid of tallow candles, the Brothers have laid their loose plaid cloaks on the chairs, and piled their cocked or beaver hats in the corner. A small sheet-iron stove heated by pine knots makes it very comfortable. But let us enter. This is Masons' Hall,— the floor sanded, the windows darkened by thick curtains; but the light is an improvement on the outer room, for here are wax candles in large and elaborately wrought brass candle sticks, with snuffers ready for use. Then look at the immense fireplace, with lls huge logs crackling and spitting, while they send out a genial heat. The fender and brass audirons, shovel and tongs, are indeed a curious sight. But notice around the fireplace the different pictures on marble, of scenes from Scripture.
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Above it is a mirror brought from Bilboa, a return for some fishing adventure. A few Dutch prints hang upon the walls, whose frames seem to be mellowed by age. The settees are straight-backed and unpainted. The leather-seated chairs are curiously carved. There too, as in all times, are the altar with the Holy Bible, square and compasses, and the three burning tapers. In the East sits Master Richard Harris, dressed in short clothes, with large silver buckles at the knees, and also on his shoes. His ample vest is covered by a velvet coat, of the fashion of those days ; on his head is a cocked hat, from under which his cue comes down ; and we should judge, from the appearance of his coat-collar, that his hair was powdered. Slowly he rises from his seat, and taking in his hand that charter which is now the choice treasure of the Lodge, says, "Brethren, I have gathered you together this evening to form a Lodge. But, first, as no man should engage in any great or important undertaking without first invoking the blessing of Deity, let us unite in prayer." The prayer finished, he proceeds: "By virtue of the authority vested in me, I appoint Brother Fettyplace, Senior, Brother Roads, Junior Warden." No further business, the Lodge closed; and drawing round the fireplace, with their pipes and punches, they talk in serious tones of the events that are happening around them.
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The office of Master was filled by Brother Harris, from 1778 to 1781; Samuel R. Trentt, 1781 to 1782 ; Elisha Story, 1782 to 1786; then for ten years no record appears. They meet on the evening of April 20, 1786, choose officers, make rules and close. They meet again in 1797 to attend the funeral of a Brother The work appears to have fallen off from 1783, so much so that they sometimes meet, but not in numbers sufficient to open a Lodge. Feb. 14, 1797, Elisha Story is again chosen Master, and holds office by re-election, or because of no election, till 1803.
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June 12, 1797, the Lodge came under the jurisdiction of the United Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, and received the name Philanthropic, which it now bears. In February, 1780, the Lodge voted that the hall they then occupied was not convenient. Brother Peter Jarys therefore let them his assembly rooms as a Lodge-room, receiving as rent sixteen cords of wood per year. They occupied these rooms from February to October, and then moved to the house of Brother Burdeck. After a little time there was some trouble in regard to rent with Brother Burdeck, and a committee of fiVe was appointed to confer with bin. It was voted, that, if either of the brothers did not attend to that duty they should be fined three dollars as a fund for the Lodge; and, further, if that committee did not report on the next Lodge night, each one of the committee should pay six shillings. They were prompt in their report at that time. these early records we read that one night the stewards were ordered to furnish rum, pipes and tobacco for the next meeting, which was done, and the bill promptly paid. After their funds had increased somewhat, they bought their liquor by the barrel, their sugar by the loaf, and on Lodge night the Tiler furnished the water; and it is said that it was not very hard work he had to perform in that line. In those days they made Masonry a secret, and threw as much mystery as possible around it. None but the members were supposed to know of the meetings; and the uninitiated could only surmise that one was to be held, by seeing the Tiler, about four o'clock in the afternoon, bearing a pail of water to the Lodge room, and, the next morning about sunrise, seeing some of the Brethren returning to their homes.
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St. John's Day, 1783, was celebrated in what I suppose they would term ample form. The secretary has entered upon thr records even the price to be paid per head, three shillings for the dinner, six pence for a bottle of wine, more than the first cost, two pence for a bowl of punch, one penny for a bowl of grog. Not very temperate, you will say. Brethren, do not bring that age to our bar for judgment. If the wine banished from our boards, does the charity and brotherly love that existed then remain as strong as in those times? If due restraint was not placed upon their appetites, it was upon their passion; for words spoken in temper in a Lodge-room were sufficient cause for expulsion. The Lodge met in those days once in two weeks, or oftener if work required it. They adopted rules, which were suspended by a majority vote of the members present. For an example: On one night a person applied for initiation; he was balloted for and negatived. Twice the same thing occurred. The application was laid on the table till the next meeting, again balloted on, again a black ball. The Lodge then appointed a committee to see what should be done. They report: "Suspend the ninth rule, and admit him." He was accordingly admitted, and later on the same evening the ninth rule was resumed. Let me state from the records another little incident: Two Brothers have a disagreement. After some talk it is agreed by both that the matter be referred to two other Brothers: but one of the disputants makes this reservation, "I will leave it to be decided by the brothers agreed on; but may damnation seize my soul if I abide by the award, unless it be in my favor."
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On the first day of January, 1800, the Lodge met, and resolved "that the Brethren wear ''black crape'' with ''blue ribbon'' on the left arm for thirty days, as a badge of mourning for the decease of our illustrious Brother George Washington.
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At one of the festivals a committee is appointed to invite "the gentlemen musicians from Salem to be present with their instruments, and lead the procession," which they did. They met at the ringing of the first bell; and at the ringing of the second they marched to Parson Story's meeting-house, where they sang the One Hundred and Thirty-fifth and One Hundred and Thirty-fourth Psalms, and listened to an oration. They afterwards marched in the same order and decorum to the Lodge-room, and partook of refreshment; and at seven o'clock each went to his own home,—so says the Secretary.
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On one occasion a collection was taken to pay the orator, and twelve hundred dollars was gathered. It appears a large amount till you understand that one hard silver dollar was worth one hundred of paper.
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Dec. 17, 1780, they had a cold collation. After dinner the stewards made up the accounts, which amounted to eighty five dollars for each member present, which was immediately paid. Jan. 5, 1783, it was so cold that the Lodge could not work, and was compelled to close. June, 1784, the Lodge voted to remove to the widow Payne's house, for which they paid four pounds per year rent. This house was afterwards purchased and occupied by David Blaney, and it is in possession of the family at the present time.
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June 23, 1S12, the Lodge voted to return the charter. War was now raging, and its fiercest conflicts were upon the ocean. All the able-bodied members were serving their country on the decks of battle-ships or privateers ; and at the close of the war, had the roll of the old Lodge been called, the greater number of responses would have come from Dartmoor or the prison hulks of England. From 1812 to 1821, Masonry remained silent in town. From April, 1821, the same old charter for the fourth time was returned, and Brother [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLJoBartlett John Bartlett] was elected Master. He was a very zealous Mason, and at one time served as Deputy of this District. June 24, 1822, the new hall was dedicated. Brother [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLTMHarris Thaddeus M. Harris], of Dorchester, delivered an oration, and a dinner was prepared at the fort.
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Brother John Bartlett remained as Master till 1825; then Brother R. W. French one year; then Brother Creasey for two years; then Brother Trefry one year ; then Brother Traill. Under these Masters the Lodge increased in numbers and prospered, till the dark days of Masonry came on. In that wild tempest of fanaticism, like many of the Lodges in the vicinity, it surrendered its charter.
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In March, 1841, for the fifth time the charter was again called back and Brother John Bartlett again elected Master. He held office till December of the same year, when Brother Trefry was elected; who held office till 1846, when Brother David Blaney was publicly installed as Master. He held the office till 1858, twelve consecutive years, the longest term ever held by a Master; and when his successor was elected Brother Blaney was the only Past Master living. He was one of the best and truest of Masons, and the work of the Lodge at that time was so good that they often went by invitation to neighboring places to exemplify it. He died in 1879. In 1858 Brother H. H. F. Whittemore was elected, and held the office till 1862.
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In 1860 the Lodge celebrated its one hundredth anniversary, and we note two remarkable coincidence The birthday of the Lodge was darkened by the gathering clouds of the Revolution, its one hundredth anniversary by the still blacker and nearer clouds of the rebellion, a doctor was Master on its first birth day, a doctor was Master on the one hundredth anniversary. At that time there were sixty-two members, and every one not absent from town was present.
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May 4, 1880, the old charter, with its signatures of names famed in Masonry, among them [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMRevere Paul Revere],
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whose deeds wrought into verse have made that name immortal, was returned for the sixth time to the Lodge. The square and compasses taken from the powder-ship captured by Mugford were again placed upon the altar. The sword first drawn in defence of the Union was placed in the Tiler's hands, and the Grand Lodge was present and installed the officers.
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Of the celebrated characters who took part in the important events leading up to American Independence, Marblehead furnished her full share. "It is no exaggeration
to say that, in proportion to her size, no place furnished more men, or gave greater evidence of her patriotic devotion to the cause of liberty . . . the men who formed and sustained this Lodge for the first forty years of its existence were among the foremost heroes of the Revolutionary period."
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It was a member of this Lodge who, with the Marblehead regiment, met him (Washington) at Cambridge, and stood close beside him through many a trying time, fraught with difficulty and danger. It was a member of this Lodge who first suggested to him the possibilities of fighting the enemy on the sea; and lhis suggestion, carried out by many ai1 heroic citizen of this town and Member of this Lodge, was the precursor, and indeed the beginning, of the American navy.
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It was a member of this Lodge who, with his regiment of Marblehead fishermen, superintended the transportation of troops across the Delaware River on that dark and stormy night in December, 1776, and thus made possible the success at Trenton the next day. It was the same gallant member of this Lodge who, at the evacuation of New York city, and during the subsequent attacks of the enemy, rendered such efficient and courageous service, where many another proved recreant, that he gained the encomiums of the Commander in-Chief and from this time until their deaths there existed between them a warm and sincere friendship.
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It was a member of this Lodge who, at Bunker Hill, captured from the British the only cannon taken on that memorable day. It was a member of this Lodge who took command at the camp in Cambridge, when disorder was running riot, yet behaved with such humane and thoughtful consideration towards Burgoyne and other prisoners of war confined there that he won the unqualified praise of his distinguished prisoner. It was he, too, to whom Washington offered the position of adjutant-general of the American army.
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Such were the men developed during these (first) forty years, and this old Lodge never had a more distinguished membership than then. Brethren, this is your heritage. Surely it is well for us to remember these things to-day.
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==== 150TH ANNIVERSARY HISTORY, MARCH 1910 ====
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''From New England Craftsman, Vol. V, No. 7, April 1910, Page 221:''
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'''150th Anniversary of Philanthropic Lodge'''<br>
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'''Marblehead, Massachusetts'''
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<p align=center>
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http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/images/ClintonAFerguson.jpg  http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/images/StephenPHathaway.jpg<br>
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''Clinton A. Ferguson; Stephen P. Hathaway''<br>
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''Worshipful Master; Secretary 50 Years''<br>
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<br>
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http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/images/BenjaminCole.jpg  http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/images/WilliamDTTrefry1909.jpg<br>
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''Benjamin Cole, Jr.; William D. T. Trefry''<br>
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''Treasurer; Past Master and Historian''
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</p>
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An event of more than common interest to the Masonic fraternity of Massachusetts and of especial importance to the brethren of Marblehead, Mass.. was the celebration nf the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the founding of Philanthropic Lodge during the last month.
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Philanthropic Lodge dates from March 25, 1760. Scarcely any reference is made to its beginning in the records of the Grand Lodge but other sources of information give some particulars of its origin.
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Only two other lodges in Massachusetts are older. Its long career and interesting history fully warranted the generous preparation made by the brethren of the lodge for the celebration of the sesquicentennial of its birth.
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In recognition of an over-ruling providence that has guarded and continued the lodge through the changing scenes of a century and half the anniversary exercises began with a religious service in the First Congregational Church on Sunday, March 20th. Most Worshipful Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMFlanders Dana J. Flanders] and officers of the Grand Lodge were invited to join in the service as were the members of all of the lodges of the [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MASalem8_1883-1910 8th Masonic District] in which Philanthropic lodge is situated, Grand Master Flanders was accompanied by the following brethren: [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLCBrodeur Clarence A. Brodeur], Senior Grand Warden; [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLWMedding Walter F. Medding], Junior Grand Warden; [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLTDavis Thomas W. Davis], Recording Grand Secretary; Past Grand Masters, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMHolmes Edwin B. Holmes] and [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMBlake J. Albert Blake]; past Deputy Grand Masters, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLCGreen Charles M. Green], [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMBenton Everett C. Benton], [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLWOdell William H. L. Odell] and [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLWTrefry William D. T. Trefry]; past Grand Wardens, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLWSoule William H. H. Soule], [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLHMills Henry J. Mills], [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLWBelcher William M. Belcher], [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLORoberts Oliver A. Roberts] and [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLATreadway Allen T. Treadway]; District Deputy Grand Masters, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLEWest Edward N. West], Frank T. Barron, William F. Schallenbach, George C. Flett, R. Walter Hillard, Benjamin J. Hinds and Arthur W. Beckford; past District Deputy Grand Masters Warren B. Ellis, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLSHauser Samuel Hauser] and Henry M,
Nourse; Grand Chaplains, Rev. [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLEHorton Edward A. Horton] and G. L. Cady, D. D.; Grand Marshal [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLHBallard Harry P. Ballard]; Herbert F. Morse, Senior Grand Deacon; George H. Graves, as Junior Grand Deacon; Walter H. Smith, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLRLearned Roscoe E. Learned], [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLODickerman Olin D. Dickerman], Grand Stewards; Frank O. Locke, Grand Sword Bearer; Robert W. Oliver, Grand Standard Bearer; William J. Hobbs, Auditor and [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLGChester George W. Chester], Grand Tyler.
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On arriving at Marhlehead the Grand Lodge was formally opened in one of the apartments of the Masonic building. Grand Master Flanders and his suite were then escorted to the hall occupied by Philanthropic lodge and were received by Worshipful Master Clinton A. Ferguson. A procession of the brethren was formed and marched to the First Congregational Church, where the devotional exercises were held. The church with the exception of that portion reserved for the Masons was entirely filled when the procession arrived. The platform and desk were attractively decorated with flowers and plants. The master of Philanthropic Lodge, the Grand Master and other brethren who took prominent parts in the exercises were seated on the platform. The exercises began at 3:15 P. M. and included remarks by Worshipful Master Ferguson, an invocation, reading of scripture, sermon by Rev. Brother George Luther Cady, D. D., organ prelude, vocal numbers by the Weber Sextet, which is composed of a lady soprano and contralto and the well known Weber Quartet, the members of which are brothers A. C. Prescott, A. F. Cole, G. H. Woods and W. E. Davison. An anniversary hymn of high merit, written for the occasion by Mrs. Edward C. Brown was sung by the audience.
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The sermon of Rev. Brother Cady attracted the close attention of the large audience. His subject was the "Power of Personality." He said in part: It is truly a wonderful record which these one hundred and fifty years have piled for our rejoicing this day but we must not be content in merely rejoicing over that past until we have learned what has made it possible and in learning it shall learn how to make the future still better. Is it not possible that our very organization shall have obscured our real source of power and that we shall have mistaken the organization for an end while it can never be more than a means and that behind it lies a power without which we could never have come to be as a people what we arc nor can we ever hope to achieve in the future?
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We are in an age of organizations and combinations . . . the history oi progress is the history of the individual and the history of the achievements of an organization is the hist ry of the great leaders it has had.
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The need of the hour is for the man who will not erase the price mark of his
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individuality nor sink his personal value in any majority. All our organizations, business or fraternal would crumble before tomorrow's sun were it not for the power of personality. The biggest thing in man is character – Character is what we are —character, the choicest of all capitals, is within the reach of every one. — Character is power. — There lies the power in any organization — in the character of its individuals. Nothing but the personal integrity, the personal value of the individuals who compose our membership can ever give us power or strength.
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If 1 could call the roll of the Masters in the past one hundred and fifty years, you would see that these men came to their commanding positions because of their personal worth and that whenever you have made great strides in upbuilding it has been when your leaders were your best advertisements — Before you. now stretch the years unchartered and unknown. — He who has guided you through the years that are past knows how to lead you in the years to come.
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The second event in the anniversary exercises of Philanthropic lodge gave opportunity for expression of the social side of Masonic character. The occasion was a grand banquet in Ab-bott hall where more than five hundred persons. Masons and their women friends, were gathered. The banquet was at 5:30 o'clock and followed a session of the lodge which was opened at 3:30 o'clock-. Most Worshipful Grand Master Flanders with officers and members of the Grand Lodge were present.
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Abbott hall was handsomely decorated for the occasion. Rows of colored electric lights stretched from, point to point united with hangings of blue and white drapery produced a most pleasing effect. The platform was made attractive with potted plants while above was the seal of the lodge and in blue lights the significant dates 1760 and 1910. On both sides of the hall was a large square and compass in colored lights. Scattered along the tables were pinks and ferns. The scene was brilliant and entrancing. The handsome women with their beautiful evening costumes contributing no small part to the attractiveness of the occasion.
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Worshipful Master Ferguson with Grand Master Flanders, and other brethren, who later addressed the company, with their ladies occupied the tables on the platform. The banquet, which was provided by Bro. Schleuber of Lynn, was excellent and admirably served.
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Worshipful Master Ferguson extended greetings to the brethren, thanking them for their presence and for all the assistance that had been rendered in carrying out the celebration. He said he was proud of being the master of a lodge whose history reached back to the important events of the early days of our country. He introduced as the first speaker Grand Master Flanders who said that it was a pleasure to him to be present and he hoped it might be to others. He congratulated the lodge on its standing and wished it prosperity. He spoke some words especially to the ladies urging their assistance in promoting an interest in the New Masonic Home at Charlton, Other speakers were Past Grand Master J. Albert Blake who was cordially welcomed as the founder of the Masonic Home. Past Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMGallagher Charles T. Gallagher] spoke eloquently of the part some of the members of the lodge had taken in the patriotic events of the early days of our National History. Past Grand Master Edwin B. Holmes spoke of the worthies of the past, in particular of John Pulling who hung the lanterns in the old North Church as a signal to Paul Revere. He expressed warmest wishes for Philanthropic lodge. Brother Samuel Cox, 90 years old and the oldest member of the lodge, sixty years having passed since he became a member, gave some reminiscences of the past and was warmly applauded. Grand Secretary Thomas W. Davis pleasantly referred to Wor. Brother Holmes' statement that John Pulling hung the lanterns in the old North Church and said: that at a recent visit to the old burial ground at the North End the grave of Robert Newman had been mentioned as that of the man who hung the lanterns. When informed that the credit of hanging the lanterns belonged to John Pulling the guide was nonplussed for a time but at last remarked, "Well, we've got them both here." The Speaker strongly advocated the importance of working for the Masonic Home.
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Senior Grand Warden Clarence A. Brodeur and Grand Chaplain [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLRPBush R. Perry Bush], D. D., made scholarly addresses in harmony with the spirit of the occasion, the first alluding particularly to the loyalty of the Masons of the past and the other to Freemasonry as the handmaiden of the church. He hoped that the blessing of God would be upon the lodge. Deputy Grand Master William H. Rider, D. D., said the warmth of his welcome sounded like the sea and reminded him of his old home on the tip of Cape Cod. lie spoke of the influence of Masonry in forming characters and said. Masonry
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makes men better. He closed with words of encouragement for the new Masonic Home and good wishes for Phlianthropic Lodge.
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The speaking was followed by an entertainment and dancing. The executive committee consisted of Worshipful Master Ferguson, Past Masters Benjamin Cole, Jr., Charles Goodwin, William D. T. Trefry, Emery Brown, Horace B. Gardner. George P. Graves and Edward G. Brown with Bros. Harry G. Trefry, Thomas T. Lyon, Stephen P. Hathaway and J. Edger Parker.
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The early history of Philanthropic lodge has been told by two of the members previous to this last celebrations, first by Bro. Stephen P. Hathaway, the venerable secretary of the lodge, on the occasion of the one hundred and twenty-fifth anniversary of the lodge, again by the distinguished historian of the present celebration, Rt. Wor. Brother William D. T. Trefry, who delivered the historical address at the celebration of the one hundred and fortieth anniversary. March 27, 1900. These two addresses, both of which are able and interesting, furnish many facts connected with the history of the first forty years of the lodge's career, the story from that date to the present time was recited by Rt. Wor. Bro. Trefry at the special communication of the lodge March 25th which was the exact dale of the completion of one hundred and fifty years from the birth of the lodge. Making use of the research of the two brethren mentioned we find that little was known of the formation of the lodge beyond the fact that the commission to open the lodge was granted to Dr. John Lowell, and bears the date of March 25, 1760. A few years ago the Grand Lodge received from a descendant of Dr. Lowell a letter written bv Dr. Lowell, April 10, 1769, to John Leverett, Grand Secretary which throws light on the proceedings and d'scloses the names of the men who were associated with Dr, Lowell in the organiza-tii m i if the Lodge.
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<blockquote>
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''LETTER OF DR. JOHN LOWELL.''<br>
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<br>
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Marblehead, April 10, 1760.<br>
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<br>
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Right Worshipful Brother, T Rec'd the Commission you sent me from the Right Worshipful [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMGridley Grand Master] bearing Date, the 25th Ulto, to Act as Master of a Lodge in Marblehead. When I have a Convenient Opportunity in person I shall Endeavour to Acknowledge the favour in a proper manner to him & the Rest of the Right Worshipful Officers. I Likewise have Received your Letter of the 2d. Inst: Inviting me & my Wardens by Order of the Right Worshipful Grand Master to the Grand Lodge or Quarterly Communication. I Am Sorry I cant do myself that Pleasure, My Wife Expecting to Lay in With a Child this month & the Time is so Uncertain that I cant possibly be from home, But our Brothers Glover and Tucker whom I have \ppointed my Wardens t Pro Tempore) will wait upon you. Inclosed I have sent you the Names of those whom I found to be Brethren in the Town and whom I have (toadc at two meetings since I opened the [Lodge. I have thought lit at present to hold our Lodge in a Chamber of our Brother Tuckers House which is at the Entrance of the Town the Largest and Best Situated upon all Accounts we have among us.<br>
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<br>
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The Night of our Meeting is the first Thursday in every Month. Our Last Meeting Consisted of Twenty in Number when I mentioned to them the Charity for our poor Brethren. As We have Been at Considerable Expence for Things Necessary to furnish our Lodge Genteely it has taken Up all the Money in our Box which we have got by Admitting New Brethren and more, so that we could not send you so much as perhaps this Necessitous time requires, our Lodge being Young & Few. But as a Number of our Brethren have suffered by Fire we Collected among us Forty pounds Old Tenor which my Wardens will deliver you & hope the Sum tho' Small will he acceptable. I am Right Worshipfull<br>
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<br>
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Your Humble Servant & Brother <br>
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Jno. Lowell.
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</blockquote>
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Then follows the names of twenty-one brethren.
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Dr. Lowell is first mentioned in the records of St. John's Grand Lodge Jan. 31, 1757, when he was present with five other gentlemen "who came to town from Marblehead with Bro. Lowell on purpose to be made a Mason." Fonr of those mentioned were probably, on the staff of the Earl of Loudoun, they were made Masons so they might attend the Feast of St. John the Evangelist which had been postponed more than a month in anticipation of the arrival of the Earl, who was Commander-in-chief of his Majesty's forces in America and Past Grand Master of Masons in England. There is no record nf the proceedings of the Marblehead Lodge from 1760 to 1768, but the Records of the Grand Lodge show that the Lodge was represented in April and October, 1760, in July, 1761 and at two Communications in 1762. After this time the Lodge was not represented in Grand Lodge but several references made to the lodge show that it was considered as under the government of the Grand Lodge as late as Jan. 25, 1768. No further record is made of the bulge in the records of the Grand Lodge and no record of the lodge is known until 1778. Sometime previous to the latter date Samuel Glover made application for a charter; but after receiving it, the Brethren not meeting once in twelve months, it was forfeited.
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In 1778 the charter was again granted by Provincial Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMRowe John Rowe] to Brother Richard Harris and others. They assembled on the fifteenth day of January, at the house of the widow King, and formed a regular lodge.
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It was in the midst of those times when the clouds hung blackest over our land, when the wise and the true took council together, when the fair fields of Lexington and Bunker Hill had been crimsoned by the blood of their Brethren, — that this Lodge for the third time received its charter. Then many of its Brethren no doubt had joined that regiment of one thousand, from this place, who had guided Washington and his army in their retreat from Long Island, and over the cold waters of the Delaware. For a time the Lodge appears to have gained in numbers, and to have prospered. Persons were initiated from Maine, Connecticut and different parts of our own Colony, and we presume the Lodge to have been very proficient in the work.
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The office of Master was filled by Brother Harris, from 1778 to 1781; Samuel R. Trevett, 1781 to 1782; Elisha Story, 1783 to 1786; then for ten years no record appears.
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June 12, 1797, the Lodge came under the jurisdiction of the United Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, and received the name Philanthropic which it now bears. In February, 1780, the Lodge voted that the hall they then occupied was not convenient. Brother Peter Jayne therefore let them his assembly rooms as a lodge-room, receiving as rent sixteen cords of wood per year. They occupied these rooms from February to October, and then moved to the house of Brother Burdeck. After a little time there was some trouble in regard to rent with Brother Burdeck, and a committee of five was appointed to confer with him. It was voted, that, if either of the Brothers did not attend to that duty, they should be fined three dollars as a fund for the Lodge; and further, if that committee did not report on the next Lodge night, each one of the committee should pay six shillings. They were prompt in their report at thai time. In these early records we read that one night the stewards were ordered to furnish rum, pipes and tobacco for the next meeting, which was done, and the bill promptly paid. After their funds had increased somewhat, they bought their liquor by the barrel, their sugar by the loaf, and on Lodge night the Tiler furnished the water; and it is said that it was not very hard work he had to perform in that line. In those days they made Masonry a secret, and threw as much mystery as possible around it. None but the members were supposed to know of the meetings. The Lodge met in those days once in two weeks, or oftener if work required it. They adopted rules, which were suspended by a majority vote of the members present. For an example: On one night a person applied for initiation; he was balloted for and negatived. Twice the same thing occurred. The application was laid on the table till the next meeting, again balloted on, again a black ball. The Lodge then appointed a committee to see what should he done. They report: "Suspend the ninth rule, and admit him." He was accordingly admitted, and later on the same evening the ninth rule was resumed. Let me state from the records another little incident: Two Brothers have a disagreement. After some talk it is agreed by both that the matter be referred to two other Brothers; but one of the disputants makes this reservation, "I will leave it to be decided by the Brothers agreed on; but may damnation seize my soul if 1 abide by the award, unless it be in my favor."
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On the first day of January. 1800, the Lodge met, and resolved "that the Brethren wear ''black crape'' with ''blue ribbon'' on the left arm for thirty days, as a badge of mourning for the decease of our illustrious Brother George Washington."
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On one occasion a collection was taken to pay the orator, and twelve hundred dollars was gathered. It appears a large amount till you understand that one hard silver dollar was worth one hundred of paper.
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Dec. 17, 1780, they had a cold collation. After dinner the stewards made up the accounts, which amounted to eighty-five dollars for each member present, which was immediately paid. Jan. 5, 1783, it was so cold that the lodge could not work, and was compelled to close. June, 1784, the Lodge voted to remove to the widow Jayne's house, for which they paid four pounds per year rent.
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June 23, 1812, the Lodge voted to return the charter. War was now raging, and its fiercest conflicts were upon the ocean. All the able-bodied members were serving their country on the decks of battle-ships or privateers; and at the close of the war, had the roll of the old Lodge been called, the greater number of responses would have come from Dartmoor or the prison hulks of Lngland. From 1812 to 1821, Masonry remained silent in town. From April 1821, the same old charter was returned, and Brother John Bartlett was elected Master. He was a very zealous Mason, and at one time served as Deputy of this District. June 24, 1822, the new hall was dedicated, brother [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLTHarris Thaddeus M. Harris], of Dorchester, delivered an oration, and a dinner was prepared at the fort.
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Brother John Bartlett remained as Master till 1825; then Brother R. W. French one year; then Brother Creasey for two years; then Brother Trefry one year: then Brother Traill. Under these Masters the Lodge increased in numbers, and prospered, till the dark days of Masonry came on. In that wild tempest of fanaticism, like many of the Lodges in the vicinity, it surrendered its charter.
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In March, 1841, the charter was again called back; and Brother John Bartlett was again elected Master. He held office till December of the same year, when Brother Trefry was elected; who held office till 1846, when Brother David Blaney was publicly installed as Master. He held the office till 1858, twelve consecutive years, the longest term ever held by a Master; and when his successor was elected Brother Blaney was the only Past Master living. In 1858 Brother H. H. F. Whittemore was elected, and held the office till 1862.
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In 1860 the Lodge celebrated its one hundredth anniversary, and we note two remarkable coincidences. The birthday of the Lodge was darkened by the gathering clouds of the Revolution, its one hundredth anniversary bv the still blacker and nearer clouds of the rebellion. A doctor was Master on its first birthday, a doctor was Master on the one hundredth anniversary. At that time there were sixty-two members, and every one not absent from town was present.
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May 4, 1880, the old charter was returned for the last time to the Lodge. The square and compasses taken from the powder-ship captured by Mugford were again placed upon the altar. The sword first drawn in defence of the Union was placed in the Tiler's hands, and the Grand Lodge was present and installed the officers.
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Of the celebrated characters who took part in the important events leading up to American Independence, Marhlehead furnished her full share. "It is no exaggeration to say that, in proportion to her size, no place furnished more men, or gave greater evidence of her patriotic devotion to the cause of liberty . . . the men who formed and sustained this Lodge for the first forty years of its existence were among the foremost heroes of the Revolutionary period."
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The closing feature of the celebration of Philanthropic lodge was a special communication Friday, March 25. it was a members' night, social and historical in character and highly appreciated by the brethren. A roll of the members was called. Of the 165 in attendance, there were responses from one who lived in Brazil, another
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in Kansas City, several in New York state and mam who are not residents of the old town. Several letters were from members who regretted their inability to attend.
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Rt. Wor. William D. T. Trefry gave a historical address covering the period from the end of the first forty years of the history of the lodge down to a time within the memory of most of the members of the lodge. From this address we quote some of the leading incidents.
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No record of a meeting of the lodge is made from May 4, 1803 until January 16, 1809, from this date the lodge held regular meetings until January 23, 1812. The custom of the time permitted business to be done on the "first step" in Masonry. This practically continued for many years. It was also the custom to ballot for the candidate on each degree as he was advanced. When the lodge was revived in 1821 it was through the efforts of Rev. John Bartlett. one of the most earnest and devoted Masons of his day. He was minister of the Unitarian Church in Marblehead from 1811 to 1849. The officers were installed by the Grand Master at what appears to have been a public installation. The Grand Lodge was received with much the same ceremony as at the present day. The first visit of a district deputy grand master to the lodge was in November 1821. Another visit of the officers of the Grand Lodge followed soon on the occasion of the dedication of their lodge room. Rev. Thaddeus M. Harris, a noted clergyman of the time, delivered a sermon.
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The lodge took part in the laying of the corner-stone of Bunker Mill Monument of which occasion it was said "there was the largest assembly of people that ever met at one time in the U. S. of America, it also by invitation of [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=KingSolomon King Solomon's] Lodge participated in the dedication of the monument. On July 4, 1824, the lodge assisted in the celebration of the day at the invitation of the Marblehead Light Infantry. Soon after this date came
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the period of anti-Masonic excitement and the lodge was forced to close its doors which were not opened again until 1841 when it was reorganized with Rev. John Bartlett, worshipful master. I hiring this year the members of the lodge visited [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=Essex2 Essex] Lodge by
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invitation and witnessed the installation of the officers. Rev. John Bartlett was the installing officer. In 1846 it was voted to have a public installation, the society of Odd Fellows and the clergymen of the town being invited to attend. The installation was performed by Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMRobinson Simon W. Robinson]. Rev. [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMRandall G. M. Randall], afterwards Grand Master, delivered an address.
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This lodge in common with others felt the stress of the anti-Masonic times. During the years of 1829 to 1834 hardly a candidate for the degrees presented himself. Members constantly dimitted. The last three masters of the lodge — Josiah P. Creesey, John Traill and Samuel S. Trefry were faithful to their duty and at every meeting lectured on one or other of the degrees. Expenses were reduced in every way and meetings held less frequently. In 1834 it was voted to sell the chandelier and divide the proceeds among the members of the lodge, A committee was appointed to see about the distribution of the funds and whether it was best to surrender the charter. The crockery and glass were sold to the highest bidder and on May 21, 1834, it was voted to surrender the charter and Rev. John Bartlett was charged with the duty of waiting on the Grand Lodge and com eying the vote and effects.
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One of the happiest periods of the lodge was the 20 years when it occupied quarters in the building of the Marblehead Free School Association from 1856 to 1876. It was in this building that the 100th anniversary of the lodge was held and here for the last time the charter was surrendered October, 1876. Why the lodge should have surrendered its charter at this time does not fully appear from the records. Mention is frequently made of members being in arrears for dues, that would not seem a sufficient reason for giving up the charter. There were probably other reasons which are not disclosed.
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The lodge remained closed until 1880. On April 20, 1SS0. the Charter having been returned, the brethren met and elected officers. They were installed bv Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMWelch Charles A. Welch] May I. 1880.
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The l'.'">ih anniversary of the lodge was held at a special meeting April 2, 1SS.'». The installation was public and ladies were preseir, The lodge now-entered "it a peril.d of encouraging prosperity. The conflagration which wiped out a large section of the town destroyed the property of the lodge among whidi were several souvenirs of the past that can never be replaced. Nothing was saved but the three great lights which were saved by Capt. John Cole at the risk of his life. Among souvenirs lost were: the square and compass taken from the British ship ''Hope'' which was captured in Massachusetts Bay by the "heroic Mugford rid his compatriots then in command of the ''Franklin'' of Marblehead." These implements were among the contents of the carpenter's tool chest and on board the captured ship.
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On the 25th of March, 1900, being the 140th anniversary of the lodge it dedicated the quarters now occupied for lodge purposes. Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMGallagher Charles T. Gallagher] with officers of
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the grand lodge performed this important service and the very able historical address of Rt. Worshipful Brother Trefry was read.
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The 145th anniversary was observed March 24, 1905, by a reception, banquet and short historical sketch of the lodge by Worshipful Master Charles Goodwin, and an entertainment and dancing. September 28, 1905 the lodge participated in the ceremony of laying the corner-stone of the new Federal Building by the Grand Lodge. At a subsequent meeting of the lodge the trowel used at the laying of the cornerstone was presented to the lodge.
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The Charity of the lodge has always been worthily bestowed and never stinted. In the early days it was the custom to take up subscriptions for destitute brethren. The records abound with mention of such assistance, later other methods were employed and in 1909 a Charity fund was established.
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These extracts give but little idea of the value of the historian's address, but those who listened to the story of the lodge and heard the names of those worthy brethren of past days who have honored the name of our institution by their service will join with the historian when he says, "So long as the moulding of exalted human character is the work of the order, the fraternity must endure and its history in the future must be as glorious as its record in the past."
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==== 175TH ANNIVERSARY HISTORY, MARCH 1935 ====
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''From New England Craftsman, Vol. XXX, No. 9, May 1935, Page 240:''<br>
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''From New England Craftsman, Vol. XXX, No. 10, June 1935, Page 262:''<br>
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''From New England Craftsman, Vol. XXX, No. 11, July 1935, Page 279:''
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'''The Story of Philanthropic Lodge'''<br>
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'''One Hundred Seventy-Five Years of Masonic History'''<br>
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''By Tracy Lewis Sanborn, 32° {Copyrighted 1935)''
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Proud indeed may we Brethren of Philanthropic be of our ancient lodge! We are members of one of the very oldest Masonic bodies in all North America. One hundred and seventy-five years have rolled by since that memorable March day in 1760, when Dr. John Lowell, of Marblehead, received from [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMGridley Jeremy Gridley], Grand Master of St. John's Grand Lodge of Boston, his commission as the first Worshipful Master of the new-born Philanthropic Lodge.
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What a stirring year it was that saw the birth of Philanthropic! The American Colonies were in the final throes of the French and Indian War. Six months before Dr. Lowell received his master's commission, Quebec had fallen to Wolfe's army in that desperate battle on the Plains of Abraham, and only six months after our lodge was instituted Montreal surrendered to Lord Jeffrey Amherst and French dominion in North America ended forever.
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A great pity it is that no records survive of the first eighteen years of Philanthropies history. Two or three references in the old records of the Grand Lodge, a notation on the old Charter, and a precious letter written April 10. 1760 by Worshipful Master Lowell to Right Worshipful Brother John Leverett, Grand Secretary — this is all we have. The very first reference to Marblehead in the Grand Lodge Records occurs January 31, 1757, when at a meeting in the Royal Exchange Tavern in Boston it is recorded:
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<blockquote>
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"Our Right Worshipful] G M acquainted the Lodge that the occasion of this Meeting was for to make Capt Harry Charters. Capt Gilbert McAdaras, aid de Cam]) Doctor Richard Huch & Mr. John Appy Secy to the Earl of Loudoun with Mr John Melvill, Masons (who came to town from Marblehead with Bro Lowell on purpose to be made a Mason), which the Lodge unanimously agreed to."
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</blockquote>
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And now comes the letter of Dr. Lowell. This famous document was in the possession of the Lowell family until 1900, when at the dedication of our present quarters it was presented to the Grand Lodge by a descendant of Dr. Lowell. It is now in the archives of the Grand Lodge in Boston.
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The letter is of such outstanding importance as the very first account of our Lodge that I quote it in full:
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<blockquote>
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Marblehead, April 10, 1760.<br>
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<br>
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Right Worshipful Brother, I Rec'd the Commission you sent me from the Right Worshipful [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMGridley Grand Master] bearing Date, the 25th Ulto, to Act as Master of a Lodge in Marblehead. When I have a Convenient Opportunity in person I shall Endeavour to Acknowledge the favour in a proper manner to him & the Rest of the Right Worshipful Officers. I Likewise have Received your Letter of the 2d. Inst: Inviting me & my Wardens by Order of the Right Worshipful Grand Master to the Grand Lodge or Quarterly Communication. I Am Sorry I cant do myself that Pleasure, My Wife Expecting to Lay in With a Child this month & the Time is so Uncertain that I cant possibly be from home, But our Brothers Glover and Tucker whom I have \ppointed my Wardens t Pro Tempore) will wait upon you. Inclosed I have sent you the Names of those whom I found to be Brethren in the Town and whom I have (toadc at two meetings since I opened the [Lodge. I have thought lit at present to hold our Lodge in a Chamber of our Brother Tuckers House which is at the Entrance of the Town the Largest and Best Situated upon all Accounts we have among us.<br>
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<br>
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The Night of our Meeting is the first Thursday in every Month. Our Last Meeting Consisted of Twenty in Number when I mentioned to them the Charity for our poor Brethren. As We have Been at Considerable Expence for Things Necessary to furnish our Lodge Genteely it has taken Up all the Money in our Box which we have got by Admitting New Brethren and more, so that we could not send you so much as perhaps this Necessitous time requires, our Lodge being Young & Few. But as a Number of our Brethren have suffered by Fire we Collected among us Forty pounds Old Tenor which my Wardens will deliver you & hope the Sum tho' Small will he acceptable. I am Right Worshipfull<br>
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<br>
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Your Humble Servant & Brother <br>
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Jno. Lowell.<br>
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<br>
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"To The Right Worshipful Brother John Leverett Grand Secretary. <br>
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<br>
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"A List of Brothers before the Opening nfl Lodge in Marblehead and Belonging to the Same Town<br>
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* Samuel Glover S: W:
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* Andrew Tucker J: W:
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* John Roades Secy
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* Jonathan Glover Treasurer
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* Henery Saunders
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* Samuel Reed
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* John Glover
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* George Stacey
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* Edward Middlesex Walker
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* Andrew Tuker Junr.
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* John Peirce
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* John Reed Junr.
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<br>
"A List of Brothers Admitted in the New Lodge at Marblehead all belonging to Marblehead<br>
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<br>
* John Cawley
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* Thomas Lewis
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* Edward Fitterplace
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* John Pulling
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* Thomas King
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* Thomas Dixey
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* Thomas Aden
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* Richard Harris
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* except Edward Draper Holford of St: Kitts"
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</blockquote>
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As we see, many famous old Marblehead names appear in this Honor Roll of the Twenty-two Charter Members of Philanthropic Lodge. Here is the young John Glover, later Colonel of the renowned Marblehead Regiment and Brigadier General in Washington's army; Edward Fettyplace, member of the Revolutionary Committee of Correspondence and Captain of the Matrose Company; John Pulling, intimate friend of [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMRevere Paul Revere] and prominent patriot, who from the belfry of Boston's Old North Church hung the lantern that signalled Revere to begin his immortal ride; and Richard Harris, artilleryman in the Continental Army, Town and Federal official.
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And to the old Commodore Tucker House still standing at No. 70 Prospect Street goes the distinction of entering our Lodge's first meetings. How intensely interesting it would be if we could only know what happened during Doctor Lowell's mastership! But only three records of the Lodge's activities during that period survive. The first is the record of the meeting of St. John's Grand Lodge at Boston April 11, 1760, when it is recorded that Wardens Glover and Tucker faithfully carried out their mission and presented for charity 5 pounds, 6 shillings and 8 pence. The second is the Grand Lodge record of October 10, 1760, reading: "For Marblehead Lodge Bro Thomas Lewis presented 18 shillings. NB the Commission to hold their Lodge dated March 25, 1760 from ye G Master in Boston J. G." The J. G. of course standing for Jeremy Gridley. And the final Word is the diploma granted to John Pulling on June 1, 1761, a copy of which adorns the walls of our apartments.
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Philanthropic is also listed on the old Roll of the Grand Lodge of England as "No. 142, Marblehead Lodge, Massachusetts," and in another place in the English records the date of our founding — March 25, 1760 — is given.
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Some time between 1760 and 1768 our Lodge evidently ceased to function, for an invitation sent to Worshipful Master Lowell by the Grand Secretary on October 31, 1768, asking the Marblehead Lodge to attend the installation of [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMRowe John Rowe] as Grand Master received no answer.
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Although we have no written testimony, it is not difficult to call up a picture of how a meeting of our ancient Brethren looked in those eventful days. Wax candles in huge, intricately designed candlesticks of brass light the darkly curtained lodge room. The floor is sanded, a sheet-iron stove crammed with pine wood gives warmth on one side, while across the room a roaring fire of great logs throws dancing lights and shadows on the silver buckles, powdered wigs and snowy lace ruffles of the strong-featured Brethren. Like the rest, the Master wears knee-breeches, but his coat is handsomely embroidered velvet, and a splendid cocked hat sits impressively above his be-ribboncd queue. The Oriental Chair is leather-seated and beautifully hand-carved, while the settees for the members lack paint and are hard and uncomfortable. Quaint old prints bought from foreign parts by Marblehead sailor-men decorate the rough walls, and the rude timbers of the railing are blackened with smoke. Outside in the ante-room the Tiler is busily pouring rum and punch into Earthen jugs and laying out strong tobacco, long pipes and flint and steel.
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How different from today! And yet there is one familiar note. In the center of the floor, as always, down through the ages of Freemasonry, stand the altar, the Great and Lesser Lights, linking 1760 fast to 1935. Although our Lodge records go back no farther than 1778, we have shown definitely that it was founded March 25, 1760. Thus, Old Philanthropic is the third oldest Masonic Lodge in this State, the eighth oldest in New England, and ranks nineteenth in the United States. In Massachusetts we yield precedence only to [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=StJohnB St. John's] Lodge of Boston, founded in 1733, and [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=StAndrew St. Andrew's], also of Boston, dating from 1756.
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Soon after [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMRowe John Rowe] became Grand Master in November of 1768 Samuel Glover and other Marblehead Masons applied to him for a charter. Evidently the commission or warrant issued in 1760 had lapsed. Whether a regular charter had been granted our Lodge prior to Glover's application we do not know for certain. The records mention only the commission given to Dr. Lowell. Grand Master Rowe granted Glover's petition, but this constitution was later forfeited because the brethren failed to meet at least once in twelve months. Nearly a decade passed with no organized Freemasonry in Town, and then on January 14, 1778, Grand Master Rowe issued to John Roads, Richard Harris, William Cole, Henry Saunders, Edward Fettyplace, Jeremiah Proctor, Peter Green, Samuel Reed and Nicholas Gorden the treasured old charter now reposing in the vaults of the National Grand Bank.
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'''The First Original Record of Philanthropic Lodge'''
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Now we come to our lodge's first original record. The ink is faded, the ancient paper yellowed with time, yet the beautiful handwriting of Secretary Saunders is as legible today as when he laid down the quill nearly two centuries ago. He writes:
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<blockquote>
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"Marblehead January 15th 1778 Agreabell to a New Constitution Granted by our Right Worshipful! Brotbei- John Row Esq Grand Master for all North America Baring Date January the 1 -ttli 1778 of masonry 5778 our Right Worshipful Brother Richard Harris Congregated the Brethren together at the Hous of the whido Kings and Formed them into a Regular Lodg and maid Choyce of Brother Edward Fittyplace for his Sen. Wardin and Brother John Roads for his .Inn. Warden and Brother Edward Fittyplace for bis Treasurer and Brother Henry Sanders for bis Secretery and Brother Nicholas Sivry for bis tiler. <br>
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<br>
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"Present
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* Brother Richard Harris master
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* Bro. Edward Fittyplace Sr Warden
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* Bro. John Roads Jun. Warden
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* Bro. Nicholas Gording
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* Bro. Jeremiah Procter
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* Bro. William Cole
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* Bro. Peter Green
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<br>
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"No Bisness the Lodg was Closd in Due Form."
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</blockquote>
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What exciting topics they must have discussed that January night after Lodge was closed! Washington's ragged army was freezing and starving amid the icy Pennsylvania hills around Valley Forge while Brethren of the Craft on sentry duty were tramping the snow with bleeding feet; discontent, disloyalty and corruption in high places were rife, and it seemed as though the cause of Liberty were dying. Vehemently did our ancient founders of Philanthropic argue as they sat before the blazing logs of the Lodge room hearth puffing dense clouds of strong tobacco smoke from their long pipes and quaffing draught after draught of fiery rum punch.
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Six days after this first meeting the first candidates for the degrees were voted into the Lodge — Captain Nicholas Ogalbe, David Stephenson and Jonathan Proctor. On the next night, January 22, 1778, occurs the first degree work: "and was made Enterd aprin-ticeis Capt. Nicholas Ogelbe, Mr. David Stephenson and Mr. Jonathan Procter and Paid Brother Fittyplace Twenty One pounds" - showing that seven pounds was our first initiation fee. The first use of the blackball was on February 16, 1778. The Fellowcraft Degree was worked for the first time March 5, 1778 on Brothers Benjamin Reed, John Gerry, Samuel Russell Gerry, Samuel Trevett. Edmund Lewis and Swett Hooper, and—records the Secretary—"pipes and to-backer was furnishd".
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A month later — April 16, 1778 — the Mystic Word of the Third Degree was pronounced for the first time in Philanthropic Lodge when a class of eight Fellow-crafts were Raised by Worshipful Master Richard Harris. These were Nicholas Ogelbe, David Stephenson, Benjamin Reed, John Gerry, Edmund Lewis, Samuel Russell Gerry, Samuel Trevett and John Dixey — "and Paid Br Edward Fittyplace Nine Pounds Twelve Shillings". Evidently the fee for Raising was one pound four shillings.
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Convivial souls indeed were the old Brothers of Philanthropic. Right merrily flowed the brimming bowl, as the following record indicates: "It was Agreed to pay Bro Burdick 3 shillings ahead for dinner. 6 pence for each Bottle Wine more than the First Cost, '1 -hillings for a Bowl Punch and 1 shilling for a Bowl Grogg." Later is mentioned the appointment of certain Brothers as Stewards "for procuring Rum. Sugar, Candles, Bread & Cheese, Pipes & Tobacker."
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All the Tiler had to furnish for the meetings was water, and it is hinted that this duty was not exactly burdensome. To fill the office of Tiler, by the way. the Lodge frequently went outside its membership, picked a man whom they felt would be satisfactory, and then made him a Mason. Only members were supposed to know of the meetings and usually the only clue outsiders had was an occasional glimpse of the Tiler carrying a pail of water to the Lodge quarters late in the afternoon, or when some early riser saw one or two Brothers going home at sunrise—we will hope steady on their pins!
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In those days Entered Apprentices were active in Lodge affairs, serving on committees and taking part in Lodge business, which was transacted on the First Degree. Lodge was opened on the Second and Third Degree only when those degrees were to be worked or applications received. Even after being Raised the Master Mason had to be formally voted into membership. There is no record of any investigating committee at this time, and sometimes if the ballot was clear the candidate received not only the First but the Second and Third Degrees the same night, particularly if he had to go to sea on short notice.
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Once a little matter of blackballing was handled in a highly original manner. Three times the ballot was not clear. The Lodge chose a committee to see if anything could be done about it (evidently the rejected applicant was popular!). This committee, with the wisdom of our ancient Brother Solomon, pronounced after grave deliberation, "Suspend the rule and add the candidate." It was done, and then the rule was voted again into effect.
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At times the combination of a hot head and hard liquor proved too explosive a compound for even Masonic amity to overcome. Secretary John Roads solemnly records in 1778 that when a somewhat heated dispute arose between two Brethren and they finalh agreed to leave the decision to three other members "Bro Ryan wished Damnation might Seas his Sole if he Submitted to the Report of the Commity" if judgment favored his opponent.
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The first death of a Philanthropic Brother is recorded April 21, 1778, when the Lodge voted to give Masonic burial to Henry Saunders, one of the Charter Members of 1760. As there was no other lodge in the vicinity (there was none in Salem until 1779), it is not strange that we find mention as early at May 7, 1778, of men from other places joining the Marblehead Lodge. Several from Salem, one from Ipswich and "Mr. William Obrian of mechias" — probably Machias, Maine — are recorded.
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On June 25, 1778, was held the first celebration of St. John's Day. A gathering of thirty-nine Brethren. including several visitors and Deputy Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GLMIMDeshon Moses Deshon], "walked from the Lodg in Procession to the Rev William Whitwels meating hous where we had an oration Delivered by Bro John Barnard Sweatt and after the Singing of the 133 & 134 Psalms we walked in the above order to Bro Peter Greens and theire Celebrated the Feast and at Seven o Clock h\ turned to the Lodg and at Eight o Clock the Bisnesi being Finishd the Lodg was Closd in Due Form."
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Although the Revolution was raging while these firsi records of our Lodge were being written, we fini scarcely any allusion to the struggle in them. The first and about the only reference occurs October 14, 1778, four months after Washington had won the Battle of Monmouth, when "a Committee of three was appointed to wait upon the agents of the Privetear Raven to Parole Bro Laborn and Bro Hunter."
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The square and compasses used in Philanthropic Lodge are of decided Revolutionary interest, however. On May 17, 1776, Capt. James Mugford of Marblehead, cruising in Massachusetts Bay in the armed Schooner ''Franklin'', one of Washington's cruised overtook and carried by boarding the British muni tions ship ''Hope'', laden with powder, muskets and cannon-carriages for the British army. This was like a gift from the gods for the American forces besieging Boston, for they were in dire want of weapons and ammunition. James Topham of Marblehead, ship's carpenter of the ''Franklin'', saw a handsome square and compasses in the cabin of the ''Hope'' and realizing their usefulness in his official duties took the from the prize. Would that we could say that Mugford or Topham was a Mason, but so far as we know not member of the ''Franklin's'' crew belonged to the Craft. Topham's son, however, who many years later presented the historic square and compasses of the ''Hope'' to the Lodge, was Raised in Philanthropic in 1861.
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These ancient implements, handsomely engraved, are an object of keen interest to all visitors to our Lodge, and were inspected with great curiosity by the twenty-four British Masons from H. M. S. ''Capetown'' at their reception in August, 1929.
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Many are the names illustrious in Revolutionary history appearing in these early records of Philanthropic. To cite but one example, when in February of 1781 the Lodge was compelled by the need of larger quarters to move from the Widow King's to the house of Peter Jayne, on the committee in charge of arrangements were Colonel William R. Lee, whose gallant fighting record in Washington's army was famous; Samuel Sewall, later Chief Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Court; Captain Samuel R. Trevett, who commanded a Continental company in many bloody actions; and Dr. Elisha Story, the renowned surgeon who distinguished himself at Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill. Another of Washington's officers, Captain Joshua Orne, was also prominent in the affairs of the Lodge as well as in the Provincial Congress. General Glover, Captain Fettyplace, John Pulling and Richard Harris we have already mentioned. And so we might go on. The membership roster of Philanthropic Lodge in those thrilling days reads like arblehead's honor roll of eminent patriots and leading citizens.
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At the St. John's Day celebration in 1779 the brethren of the newly formed http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=Essex Essex] Lodge in Salem were guests. An oration was delivered by Brother Elisha Story at Rev. Isaac Story's "meating hous," banquet was served at Brother Peter Green's, and the return to the Lodge a present of "378 Dolers" was made to a member in distress. Evidently the Lodge lived up to the name it was later to receive (the name Philanthropic does not appear until 1797), for numerous other instances of charity are recorded. The documents seem exceedingly generous until one reflects that the donations were usually paper money and it took about a hundred paper dollars to equal a single silver one. The national coinage was in a much confused state, and there are many records of dues paid partly in pounds and shillings, partly in paper, and partly in "hard dolers." The rent paid for the use Peter Jayne's large upstairs room was twelve pounds in money and sixteen cords of wood per annum.
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This early home of our Lodge is still standing. It is the old Prentiss House at No. 37 Mugford Street. It appears to have been difficult to find satisfactory quarters
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in those years. For a time meetings were held at house of Brother Burdick, and later at the Widow Jayne's.
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At the expiration of his third year in 1781, Worshipful Master Richard Harris, who had not only guided the infant Lodge ably and wisely during its native period, but had also distinguished himself as an artilleryman in Paul Revere's corps, as Selectman of the Town and its first Federal Collector of Customs, refused to accept another term in the East. So great was the prestige of Col. William R. Lee, one of the Lodge's most active members, that although he was not an officer he was elected Master. But he declined, and Senior Warden Samuel R. Trevett was chosen Philanthropic's third Master in 1781. He was succeeded by Dr. Elisha Story in 1782.
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The winter of 1783-84 must have been an unusually rigorous one, for several times it is recorded "No Lodge it being very cold." These old Brethren were deeply interested in the ritual and traditions of the Craft, as is shown by their vote to devote the second Thursday in each quarter to Masonic lecturing. And as many of them were men active in State and Town affairs the social gatherings at the close of the Lodge were open forums for the intelligent discussion of the momentous questions agitating the young Nation.
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From April 20, 1786 to February 1, 1797, there is a break in the records. If the Lodge met at all during those eleven years there is no mention of it. Just why meetings were given up is not definitely known. Probably for lack of interest. On June 12, 1797, our Lodge was formally received under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, which voted that "the Name of the Lodge meeting in Marblehead from henceforward be Called the PHILANTHROPIC LODGE." With this annotation upon it, signed by Grand Master Paul Revere and Grand Secretary Daniel Oliver, the ancient Charter issued by Grand Master Rowe in 1778 was returned to our Lodge, which through all the previous thirty-seven years of its existence had been known only as the "Marblehead Lodge."
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We must explain here that there were originally two Grand Lodges in Massachusetts —the St. John's Grand Lodge, chartered by the Grand Lodge of England and organized by [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMPrice Henry Price] in 1733, and the Massachusetts Provincial Grand Lodge, formed by [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMJsWarren Joseph Warren] in 1769 and chartered by the Grand Lodge of Scotland. These two rival Grand Lodges combined in 1792 to form the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, entirely independent of either the English or Scottish Grand Lodges, Until 1797 our Lodge had been under the jurisdiction of the St. John's Grand Lodge, which had originally granted its Charter.
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The first Grand Lodge Visitation recorded in Philanthropic records occurred November 23. 1798. Dr. Elisha Story as Master received Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMBartlett Josiah Bartlett] and his suite of nine Grand Lodge officers, one of whom was Paul Revere. A Grand Lodge was formally opened at seven p. m. and closed at nine, but nothing is said as to what transpired.
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The dawn of the Nineteenth Century was marked in Philanthropic by a solemn Masonic service lamenting the death of "our illustrious and beloved Bro. General Geo. Washington," at which Brother Joseph Story, who afterwards won honors as Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, delivered "an elegant and well adapted Eulogy on his Life & Virtues." It was voted "that the Brethren ware black Crape edged with blue Ribbon on the left Arm for thirty efays as a Badge of Mourning on this Sorrowful & Melancholy Occasion." St. John's Day was celebrated for the first time out of town on June 24, 1801, when "At high Twelve the Brethren proceeded to the Widow Phillips', Lvn, where they elined together and spent the afternoon in that Social & Friendly manner which ought ever to Subsist among Brothers & Fellows."
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Now occurs another unexplained break in the records - from May 4, 1803 to January 10, 1809. Whether the records of these six years have been lost or no records were kept during this period, no one knows. Grand Lodge records show that Philanthropic was represented at the communications of the supreme body in September and December, 1803; March and December, 1804; and December of 1805. So at least our Lodge was not wholly dead during those years.
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An unusual incident during the mastership of Ralph H. French, who succeeded Dr. Story in 1809, is worth mention. After receiving application from a candidate the members argued long and fervently over the propriety of initiating him, for he had lost his right hand. Finally it was agreed to consult the Grand Lodge. The answer was favorable, but the unfortunate candidate was blackballed notwithstanding, whether because of his missing hand or not is not clear. The worthy Secretary strikes another human note when he records that the committee investigating the charge brought by a certain Brother against another "are of Opinion that the Parties are equally Guilty of Gross Misconduct & Beastly Intoxication and ought to be Suspended from this Lodge." Which was promptly done.
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Ebcnezer G. Evans followed W. M. French in the East in 1810, and the next year John Candler took the Chair. An echo of the outrages of the Barbary corsairs resounds in our records in 1811. when at a special communication "The R. W. Master informed the Brethren that a Brother from a Foreign Lodge was sent to Crave the Assistance of Lodges in this Country to enable them to raise a sufficient Sum of Money to purchas the Libertys of some Unfortunate Brethren now Prisoners in Algeers." A collection was taken but how much was raised is not stated.
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The hated Embargo Act, domestic distress and the impending war with Great Britain were all reflected in loss of interest in the Lodge, and we are not surprised to find that at a meeting on January 23, 1811 attended by only a dozen members it was "Voted that a committee of three be chosen to select such Articles as belong to the Grand Lodge and return them with the Charter." The faithful Tiler was not forgotten for to him were bequeathed all the candles and liquor left in the Lodge!
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Nine years went by — years in which Philanthropic Brethren shed their blood on the decks of "Old Ironsides" and in countless privateer and frigate actions or rotted in Dartmoor and the British prison hulks: Portsmouth and Southampton, Then, on April 2, 1821, a little group of twelve met and agreed to re-establish Philanthropic Lodge. A week later they organized with [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLJBartlett John Bartlett] as Master, and on June 13, 1821 Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMDixwell John Dixwell] formally restored our old Charter.
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We must smile at something that happened in 1823. At the beginning of a meeting the alarming discovery was made that the records were not in the Lodge. Brother was dispatched post haste in pursuit of them and found them at the house of the Secretary, where alas, they were delivered to the messenger by the fair hands of the Secretary's sister! In consequence of this sad offense the unfortunate Secretary was forthwith deposed from office, much to the grief of your present historian, who found the next Secretary's penmanship very trying on his eyes.
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There used to be an old saying in Marblehead, "it always rains when the Masons walk." And it certai did—with a vengeance—at the St. John's Day celebration of 1822. Guests had arrived from [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=Essex Essex], [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=Jordan Jordan] and [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MountCarmel Mount Carmel] Lodges, a bountiful feast was waiting at the Fort, and lo! "the rain poured down torrents and perfectly spoiled the arrangements of the day." But the good Secretary piously says that as the earth was dry and vegetation suffering "the Brethren one and all received the disappointment as a Blessing from Heaven, considering the day thus particularly honored." I trust the worthy Brother did not write this with his tongue in his cheek.
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The Lodge sometimes acted to settle domestic disputes and private squabbles in those homely days. For instance, it is recorded that "some uneasiness" between two Brethren occasioned by the impolite remarks of one about the other's grand-daughter was ironed out in open Lodge to general satisfaction.
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At the laying of the corner-stone of the Bunker Hill Monument, June 17, 1825, a delegation from Philanthropic assisted the Grand Lodge officers. General Lafayette was present, and Secretary Isaac Collier writes that "it was contemplated there was the largest assembly of people that ever met at one time ithe United States of America."
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Naturally seafaring men had formed a large proportion of our Lodge membership ever since its founding, but with the accession to the Master's Chair in 1825 of Captain Josiah P. Creesey, the famous commander of the world-renowned clipper ship ''Flying Cloud'', came a procession of noted sea captains to receive the Light of Freemasonry in Philanthropic's halls. Among the veteran mariners Raised in 1826, for ■sample, were Captains John Pitman, William Bartoll and William Hammond — names known in ports from Liverpool to Calcutta and Shanghai.
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Worshipful Master Creesey was followed bv Samuel Trefry in 1828 and John Traill in 1829. By this time we notice signs of lessened interest in the Lodge. The anti-Masonic propaganda which swept the country after the disappearance of William Morgan was having its effect in Marblehead. Attendance at meetings dropped off, regular monthly communications were abandoned, and the funds of the Lodge sank so low that the beautiful chandelier which had adorned the Lodge room for a long time was sold at auction for $50 in the desperate attempt to raise money. Finally, after it was found impossible to agree on reduced rent with the Free School Association, in whose hall the meetings were held, the sixteen members present on May 21, 1834, voted to surrender the Charter, and Philanthropic joined the three thousand other Masonic lodges forced out of existence bv blind and unjust prejudice. We had at that time thirty-four members.
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The hall of the Free School Association, by the way, where our Lodge had been meeting for some time, was in the dwelling house still standing at No. 10 Tucker Street, at the head of Mason Street.
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Eleven years passed, gradually the feeling against Freemasonry subsided, and on March 12, 1845, Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMPeabody Augustus Peabody] returned the ancient Charier to twenty loyal Craftsmen headed by John Bartlett as Master, the by-laws were revised, and once more old Philanthropic was at work.
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At this time it was the rule to meet on the Monday before the full moon. Public installations of the officers were frequently held, accompanied by an oration and music. In 1847 the leakage of private Masonic matters to the Town's street corners caused the Lodge considerable worry, and a committee was appointed to try to discover the source. Although these worthy sleuths made no report to the Lodge they evidently did not go to sleep on the job, for there were no more leaks. They had worked "with silence and circumspection."
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On December 26, 1846 David Blanev ascended the Last for a term that was destined to be unique in length among the forty-five Masters of Philanthropic Lodge. Not till 1858 was this excellent Worshipful Master allowed to give up the gavel, and the following year he was presented with the first Past Master's Jewel ever bestowed by the Lodge. During bis twelve consecutive years in office the degree work of Philanthropic was so outstanding that we repeatedly exemplified it by request in other lodges.
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It was at this time that the Lodge established a committee of two "to prevent any difficulty or disagreement which may be apprehended or already exist between any Brethren of the Lodge." It is rumored that this little arbitration board bad its hands full! Those were the days of fervid and flowery oratory. Witness the example of Brother Huntoon, who, returning to the Lodge after a long illness, pours forth his joy and gratitude at his recovery in an "impressive and butiful adddress" to his doubtless bored and restless Brethren.
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On February 23, 1858 James B. Topham presented to the Lodge through Brother Joseph Goodwin the historic compasses captured by Captain Mugford in 1776 as described earlier in these pages. At that time the square accompanying the compasses had been mislaid, but several years later, after he had joined the Lodge, Brother Topham found the square and gave it to Philanthropic on November 13, 1862. St. John's Day in 1858 was celebrated on the Neck, the members "meeting at Appleton Wharf at Ten o'Clock and there conveyed to land adjoining Brother Darling's, the Keeper of the Light House," where they partook of a goodly collation of meats, fried fish and chowder supplied by Samuel Goodwin.
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The 100th Anniversary of Philanthropic was celebrated on Monday evening, March 26, 1860, during the mastership of Dr. H. H. F. Whittemore, who succeeded Worshipful Brother Blaney in 1859. Lodge was opened on the First Degree, there being an Entered Apprentice present, and after the singing of an original ode by a choir of Brethren and the reading of the Charter by W. M. Whittemore the Craft were called from Labor to Refreshment and sat down to a banquet.
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Speeches and toasts enlivened the occasion. Brother M. J. Doak was toastmaster, and the glasses were lifted to Freemasonry, The Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, Masonic Union, The Day We Celebrate, and last (but we will hope not least) The Ladies. Worshipful Brothei- Blanev—the only living Past Master of the Lodge—Rt. Worshipful Brother Huntoon and the officers and members responded to the toasts and joined whole-heartedly in the jovial festivities. In conclusion the Brethren, joining hands in the ancient English custom, made the rafters ring with ''Auld Lang Syne'' and then closed Philanthropic Lodge in due form. At that time it had sixty-two members.
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Michael J. Doak was elected Master at the close of 1862. Whatever the feelings of the Brethren may have been in regard to liquor drinking, they evidently did not approve of a member's selling it, for the records of 1864 mention the suspension of a Brother for un-Masonic conduct in "keeping a place where liquors are sold at retail to the injury of Masonry."
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Though the Civil War had been in progress for three years and a large number of Philanthropic's Brethren were fighting in the Union forces on sea and land, we find no allusion to the struggle until June 14, 1864, when it was voted "to loan the hall to the ladies working in aid of the soldiers." Five months later the Lodge met to give Masonic burial to Samuel Goodwin, dead of wounds received in the bloody thickets of the Wilderness; and at a special communication November 11, 1864 it was agreed to remit the dues of the Brothers in the service. These are the only direct references to the Civil War in our records.
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Jonathan Cole succeeded Worshipful Brother Doak as Master in 1867, and was followed by Benjamin Pitman in 18(58. Then William H. Wormstead, our oldest living Past Master at the present time (1935), assumed the East at the end of 1872. faithfully and ably serving the Lodge in the years 1873 and 1874. In 1870 Philanthropic showed her sisterly spirit toward Atlantic Lodge of Odd Fellows by giving the younger fraternity the temporary use of Masonic Hall, and the same year an organ was purchased for use in the work. An unusual incident took place in 1872, when a special meeting was called to honor Brother Peter J. Rodgers, who was celebrating that day not only his 80th birthday but his 50th anniversary as a Freemason.
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At the conclusion of Worshipful Master Wormstead's term in 1875 the Lodge turned for the second time to M. J. Doak for its presiding officer. And now the old Lodge once more passes through one of those periods of inactivity from which it has never failed to come back stronger and more enthusiastic than ever before. For some time prior to 1876 the records clearly indicate that interest is lagging, attendance dropping off, and the Lodge having difficulty in meeting its bills. Many members were badly in arrears, and after struggling along valiantly for many months a faithful band of nineteen Brethren met under W. M. Doak on October 31, 1876 and sorrowfully voted to again surrender the Charter.
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But this interregnum lasted less than four years. On March 10, 1880, at the petition of the Marblehead Brethren, Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMWelch Charles A. Welch] signed the order restoring once more our much-travelled Charter. May it never be surrendered again!
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The popular Michael Doak was elected Master for the third time on April 20. 1880, and Philanthropic resumed full activities with bustling energy. At the May communication, held in Odd Fellows' Hall, Grand Master Welch with a large suite formally returned the Charter while delegations from the Salem and Beverly lodges looked on with friendly interest. From the very first attendance was good and keen interest shown. In 1881 the Lodge adopted Grand Army Hall as its quarters and the following year voted for the first time to join the other lodges in the district in the exemplification of the work.
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Worshipful Brother Pitman began his second term in the Oriental Chair in 1881. and following him came William W. Dodge in 1882, Horace Goodwin in 1883 and [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLWTrefry William D. T. Trefry] in 1885.
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Now we come to the 125th Anniversary of the Lodge. It was celebrated at a special communication on April 2, 1885. Some fifty members were present with their ladies, and the Grand Lodge was represented by Right Worshipful Brothers [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLFIsrael Israel], [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLCNorris Norris] and Hill, about two hundred in all attending. Remarks by Worshipful Master Horace Goodwin were followed by selections by a quartette, the reading of a most interesting historical sketch of the Lodge by Secretary Stephen P. Hathaway, more music, the recital of a poem, and then an entertainment of feats of magic. After that the company marched to Rechabite Hall, where they were regaled with an elaborate spread replete with toasts and speech-making. Not till after midnight did the festivities end.
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So prosperous was Philanthropic at this time that at the visitation of the District Deputy in 1885 he informed the gathering that our returns to the Grand Lodge were the largest in the district. It was felt that bigger quarters must be had. and on September 21, 1886 the Lodge moved from Grand Army Hall to the new Lefavour Building at the southwest corner of School and Pleasant Streets. A feature of the visitation in 1886 was the presentation by Grand Chaplain Israel acting on behalf of the Grand Lodge and the masters of the district of a handsome Bible for use in the work, while the District Deputy congratulates the Lodge on the excellence of its apartments.
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At the public installation of Worshipful Master Frank Lackey in 1888 the St. Helena Ladies' Society through their President, Mrs. James K. Beede, presented the Lodge with a fine new organ, and an entertainment of music, reading and speaking followed bvl refreshments closed a delightful evening.
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Not long was the Lodge to enjoy its new home in] the Lefavour Building. On Christmas night in 1888 the last of Marblehead's great fires swept through thel center of the Town and one of the first buildings to go was Masonic Hall. So fierce and swift were the flames that nothing was saved but the Three Great Lights, the precious Charter and the Records. To the gallantry of Capt. John Cole, our Treasurer, who dashed through the raging fire at the risk of his life, is due the rescue of the Great Lights. Jewels, furniture and the new organ —a ll were destroyed. A loss of about $2,000, half covered by insurance.
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But even such a calamity as this could not crush our ancient Lodge. Five days after the fire, while the rubbish of the Temple was still smoking, twenty-six Brethren met at the home of W. M. Lackey on Beacon Street and set about repairing the losses and securing a new meeting place. Contributions and expressions of sympathy poured in from all the Masonic bodies in the vicinity. The Brethren took heart and went to work. Soon the Salem lodges offered the use of their quarters, and after one meeting in the roosms of the Lodge of Templars in the Grader Block our meetings were transferred to Salem on February 1889. There communications were held until August 6, when the Lodge accepted the brotherly offer of Atlanta Lodge, I. O. O. F., for the use of their hall in Marblehead.
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This same year Emery Brown took the Oriental Chair. A rather unique incident happened in 1890. At a special communication formal objections were made by certain members to the Entering of one candidate and the Crafting of another, although both
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had been favorably balloted upon for the degrees. The objections were found valid by the Lodge and neither candidate received his degree. Shortly afterward it was voted to hire quarters in the Gregory Block — provided the back door could be fixed to lock safely! - and the Lodge moved into that building May 20, 1900. At the July meeting that year, attended by only fourteen Brethren, the Secretary eloquently writes in explanation the brevity of his record, "Temperature 103."
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During the mastership of Stephen W. Power, who took office in 1891, the Lodge several times enjoyed banquets in Hibernian Hall, one hundred and twenty sitting down at one of these affairs. Secretary Hathaway records that the installation of Benjamin Cole, Jr., in 1893 was "a rare affair," and when we read that the inimitable "Hoddie" Broughton played a star role in the entertainment and banquet, those of us fortunate enough to have known that genius of mimicry and humor can readily grasp the significance of "Steve Put's" comment.
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P. Howard Shirley became Master in 1895. When in 1897 a Brother from Jordan Lodge presents Philanthropic with a picture commemorating the 100th iniversary in 1860, Secretary Hathaway writes that out of six members present at the centennial celebration five were in the Lodge room at the presentation of this picture thirty-seven years later. W. M. Shirley was succeeded by George P. Graves in 1897.
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An amusing episode took place at this time. It was decided that for the sake of dressing up the degree work a bit the officers should all wear evening clothes. Is had never been done before in our Lodge. Accordingly the officers all appeared resplendent in the glory of "soup-and-fish," three candidates were waiting in the anteroom, and balloting began. Then to the consternation of the dress-suited officers, one after another the candidates were blackballed! There was no work, there was no business — the officers were "all dressed up with no place to go" — and the evening was totally ruined. Rumor hath it that a wag cast the blackballs as a crack at the evening clothes. The rejected candidates were admitted without trouble at the next meeting.
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During Worshipful Brother Graves' tenure a committee was appointed to seek new quarters for the Lodge, and reported that the best place obtainable is in the new building being erected by Brother George S. Goss at the corner of Pleasant and School Streets — our present location. On this committee were brothers W. D. T. Trefry, Winthrop Brown and Benjamin Cole, Jr.
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The first meeting in our present Lodge room was held on March 20. 1900. with Worshipful Master Winthrop Brown presiding, and to candidates John G. Broughton and George D. Boles fell the honor of receiving the first degrees conferred here. The new hall was pronounced one of the best-furnished Masonic apartments in the district. Fifteen hundred dollars was spent on its furnishings.
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A few days later, on March 27, the new hall was formally dedicated at the 140th Anniversary celebration of Philanthropic Lodge. At four in the afternoon Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMGallagher Charles T. Gallagher] and his suite of Grand Lodge Officers began the impressive ceremonies of Masonic dedication, the Harvard Quartette and Salem Cadet Orchestra furnishing the beautiful musical setting to the noble words of the ritual. When the ringing proclamation of the Grand Marshal closed the ceremony Past Master W. D. T. Trefry gave an address on the first forty years of Masonry in the Lodge and read the letter of Dr. John Lowell, our first Master, quoted in full at the beginning of this history. With many guests the Lodge then sat down to a fine banquet, and the celebration closed with an entertainment and dancing till Low Twelve.
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Evidently social interest was lively among the Brethren at that time, for three months later we find the first record of an attempt to form a Masonic Club, a committee reporting that fifty members wished to join. What resulted is not revealed in the records.
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An interesting feature of the public installation of W. M. George S. Goss and his officers in 1901 was the presentation to Brother John Cole of a Past Treasurer's Jewel in recognition of his twenty years' service. Charles Goodwin ascended the East in 1903. The next year it was decided to have the old records of the Lodge copied, but work on this seems to have ceased after it had been completed through February 25, 1779.
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The first outstanding event of Charles Goodwin's mastership was the 145th Anniversary of Philanthropic, observed on March 21, 1905.
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Festivities commenced with a reception to lady friends and other guests in the afternoon. Then a procession was formed with Brother Thomas T. Lyon as Marshal and the party entered the banquet hall, where a splendid repast was served. Worshipful Master Goodwin gave a short address on the history of the Lodge and speeches followed by Past Grand Master Gallagher and other Grand Lodge representatives, who united in praise of our ancient Lodge, its finely appointed quarters and prosperous condition. An entertainment was given by Boston talent and dancing lo music of the Salem Cadet Orchestra ensued till midnight. One hundred and sixty-two members and guests were present, including Past Masters Goss, Trefry, Winthrop Brown. Benjamin Cole Jr., and George P. Graves.
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Another never-to-be-forgotten event in our history was the laying of the corner-stone of Marblehead's Federal Building on September 28, 1905. Worshipful Master Charles Goodwin and his officers received Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMSanford Sanford] and suite of twenty-four high Masonic dignitaries at two in the afternoon, headed by the Lynn Cadet Band the imposing cession of Grand Lodge officers and guests, one hundred and twenty-four Brethren of the Lodge, the Board of Selectmen led by Chairman John N. Osborne, postmaster B. F. Martin, the architect and Federal Supervisor of Construction, marched from the Masonic Hall to the corner of Pleasant and Watson Streets. A box containing interesting souvenirs was deposited the corner-stone laid by the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts with full Masonic ritual. An address was delivered by Worshipful Brother [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLWRyder William H. Ryder] of Gloucester, and then the procession returned to Masonic Hall, where Brethren and guests refreshed themselves with a banquet. Toasts and speeches by Federal, Town and Masonic officials closed the day.
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The writer of this chronicle, then a lad of fifteen, witnessed the laying of this corner-stone, and as it was the first Masonic ceremony he had ever seen the event made an unforgettable impression upon his memory. Two months later the trowel used in the exercises was presented to our Lodge by Brother Edward W. Doherty, and the historic implement today occupies a place of honor on the walls of our apartments.
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In 1905 Horace B. Gardner succeeded Worshipful Brother Goodwin. It was during his term of office that Past Master Benjamin Pitman gave the Lodge a gavel of wood from the glorious old frigate "Constitution," on whose decks many Brethren of Philanthropic had fought in the War of 1812. Edward G. Brown took the Master's Chair in 1908. The next year is recorded the working of the Third Degree by a staff of Past Masters composed of Worshipful Brothers Trefry, Emery Brown, Graves, Pitman, Goodwin, Cole, Winthrop Brown and Gardner. A pleasant feature of the annual meeting in 1909 was a reception to Brother Samuel Cox on the occasion of his 60th anniversary as a Mason.
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Secretary of the Lodge for nearly half a century, under over a score of Masters, the beloved Stephen P. Hathaway was forced by the weight of advancing years to relinquish the active duties of his office in 1909, and at the November communication he was presented by the Lodge with a handsome Secretary's jewel and a resolution expressing the love and esteem of his Brethren.
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Clinton A. Ferguson became Master in 1909, and at the February communication in 1910 Past Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMHolmes Edwin B. Holmes] presented the Lodge with a framed photograph of the diploma granted by Philanthropic on June 9, 1761 to John Pulling, the distinguished patriot and friend of Paul Revere, whose lantern hung in the steeple of the Old North Church in Boston started Revere on his great ride. Pulling, though made a Mason here, received his Fellowcraft and Master Mason's Degrees in St. Andrew's Lodge of Boston. During the presentation of the diploma Right Worshipful Brother Holmes spoke most interestingly, lauding the exploits of the many Revolutionary heroes who received the Light of Freemasonry in Philanthropic Lodge and warmly congratulating the ancient Lodge on its splendid record of patriotism in the Nation's struggles for liberty. At this memorable meeting one hundred and eighteen members were present and the guests included Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMFlanders Dana J. Flanders] and his suite.
 +
 +
This same year the Lodge sent fraternal greetings to its namesakes in England, Philanthropic Lodge No. 107 of King's Lynn and Philanthropic Lodge No. 304 of Leeds. In due course the greeting was returned, and today the three lodges exchange notices of communications.
 +
 +
The 150th Anniversary was celebrated in ceremonies lasting three days in March, 1910. On Sunday, the 20th, three hundred members and guests including the Grand Master and suite and Brethren from many neighboring lodges attended divine service at the Old North Church, where the sermon was preached by Rev. Bro. George L. Cady, D. D., pastor of Pilgrim Congregational Church of Dorchester. Music was furnished by the Weber sextette and Brother Clinton Bessom, organist, and an anniversary hymn was written for the occasion by Mrs. Edward G. Brown. The following day. Monday, a reception was tendered in Abbot Hall to the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts and five hundred people sat down to a banquet. Grand Master Flanders and others spoke at the conclusion of the feast, and festivities ended with an entertainment and dancing. On Tuesday, Lodge convened at 7.30 p. m. and one hundred and sixty-one members answered the roll called by the venerable Secretary-Emeritus Hathaway. Letters were read from absent Brethren and an historical address given by Chaplain W. D. T. Trefry, followed by remarks from nine of our Past Masters.
 +
 +
A banquet in the dining hall came next, and then an entertainment of sleight of hand and magic, Bong! and monologues and piano selections. Not till long after Low Twelve did the Brethren wend their ways homeward.
 +
 +
Our Lodge received another honor in 1911, when Past Master Edward G. Browne was appointed the first District Deputy Grand Master of the newly constituted [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MALynn8_1911-1926 Eighth Masonic District], comprising, besides Philanthropic, Essex and [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=StarrKing Starr King] Lodges of Salem. Golden Fleece, Mount Carmel and [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=Damascus Damascus] of Lynn. and Jordan of Peabody.
 +
 +
At the following communication in February resolutions were passed on the death of Past Master Doak, whose eight years in the East are surpassed only by the twelve years of David Blaney. The feature of the annual meeting in 1911 was the highly interesting remarks of Brother Samuel Cox, then our oldest member, raised in 1849, and Secretary-Emeritus Hathaway. Harry G. Trefry because Master in 1911. followed by Charles H. King in 1914.
 +
 +
Now we come to another mile-stone in our history — the 155th Anniversary. It was observed March 25, 1915. Rt. Wor. Bro. W. D. T. Trefry, Past Deputy Grand Master, spoke on the early history of the Lodge and Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMMJohnson Melvin M. Johnson] gave an pressivc address on Freemasonry. He then presenteill our 96-years-old Brother Samuel Cox with the Henry Price Medal. A fund of $100 raised through the efforts of Brother Edward W. Doherty of Washington, D. C, for the purchase of a cabinet to hold Masonic relics, was presented by Brother Joseph G. Green, and a banquet and minstrel show put on twenty-two members of the Lodge closed proceedings.
 +
 +
Philanthropic took part in the laying of the corner! stone of the Salem Masonic Temple on June 24. 199 and was honored in the selection of Rt. Wor. Brother W. D. T. Trefry as toastmaster of the banquet In in Cadet Armory. Harrie K. Nutting was installed Master in 1915, followed by Richard T. Cole in 1917. The annual meeting in 1919 was notable for the presence of twenty members returned from military and naval service in the Great War. Ames H. Humphrey began his mastership in 1919, followed by J. Edgar Parker in 1921, Arthur L. Swasey in 1923 and Ackley R. Slee in 1924.
 +
 +
In observance of our 165th Anniversary a banquet and entertainment was held at Odd Fellows' Hall on March 24, 1925, and Past Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMPrince Arthur D. Prince] spoke to the one hundred and eighty-three members and guests present on Freemasonry in the Orient. [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLRTitus Rufus L. Titus] moved into the Master's seat the same year, and Arthur M. Humphrey succeeded him in 1927.
 +
 +
An unusual incident occurred at the April meeting in 1928, when William H. Wormstead and Joseph S. Wormstead, brothers in blood as well as in Freemasonry, were both presented with the Masonic Veterans' Medal by Rt. Worshipful Walter L. Williams, District Deputy Grand Master. In the course of remarks during the June, 1928, communication, Worshipful Master Arthur Humphrey displayed in the Lodge a flag carried around the world aboard thi ship of Brother Captain John Cole, flown at the St. John's Day festivities of 1860 and over the army tent of Captain Knott V. Martin encamped at Relay House, inland, in the stirring days of '61, and also borne by the Lodge at the dedication of the new Federal Building in 1905. This banner bears the Blue Lodge emblem strikingly blazoned on a field of white.
 +
 +
August 26, 1929. was a red-letter day in Philanthropic's history, for it marks the reception given to Masonic Brethren from His Britannic Majesty's per ''Capetown'', visiting Marblehead harbor in section with the 300th Anniversary celebration of the Town.
 +
 +
In the afternoon refreshments were served the British Brethren in the Lodge dining hall, and they were cordially welcomed and shown the interesting historical relics of the Lodge, including the famous square and compasses captured from the H. M. S. ''Hope'' in the Revolution. At seven in the evening nearly four hundred members and guests with the twenty-four British Masons feasted together in I. O. O. F. Hall, where Past Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMLAbbott Leon M. Abbott], Sovereign Grand Commander of the Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite, formally welcomed the ''Capetown'' sailors. Brother J. S. Matthias responded for the Britons. The Third Degree was then worked, Past Master Amos H. Humphrey delivering one of his famous charges to the candidate. The British Brethren individually extended fraternal greetings of their respective lodges across the sea, and Brother Manning of the ''Capetown'' spoke impressively to the candidate on the meaning of Freemasonry. At the conclusion of the ceremonies Brother Matthias thanked Philanthropic Lodge very gracefully for the courtesies shown his fellow Britons, and presented the Lodge with a framed picture of H. M. S. ''Capetown'' bearing the autographs the visitors. Worshipful Master Humphrey in accepting assured the Englishmen that it would be cherished as a valuable remembrance of their visit.
 +
 +
Before the Lodge closed, Rt. Worshipful Brother Rufus L. Titus was presented by the Lodge with a District Deputy Grand Master's Jewel, and by Worshipful Master Humphrey and Wor. Brother F. J. Needham with a gavel. Brother Titus was much touched by these expressions of high esteem and responded in his usual happy vein.
 +
 +
William L. Nickerson followed Arthur Humphrey Master in 1929. During his term the 170th Anniversary was commemorated with a turkey supper on March 18, 1930, at which seventeen Brothers with thirty-five or more years of membership to their credit were guests. At the next communication a committee was appionted to plan for the 175th Anniversary eel-ration in 1935.
 +
 +
During the January meeting in 1931 Rev. Bro. H. A. Hale, acting on behalf of Brother Jonathan T. Brown. presented the Lodge with a set of dividers and square made over fifty years previously and finished by Brother Brown at the age of eighty-four, when he had completed a half-century of membership.
 +
 +
In 1931, also, Secretary Arthur M. Humphrey finished the arduous task of compiling the names of all persons appearing on the Lodge records since its founding in 1760. These records show (to February 14, 1935) 392 members, 254 former members whose deaths are recorded, 347 former members whose deaths or separation are not mentioned, 117 demits or honorable discharges, 52 suspensions for non-payment of dues or other causes, and 5 expulsions — a grand total of 1,167 members past and present since 1760. Certainly Secretary Humphrey is deserving of much praise for the compilation of these valuable statistics.
 +
 +
Chester M. Damon became Master in 1931. During his occupancy of the East the much-needed redecoration of the Lodge Room was completed, giving Old Philanthropic quarters whose rich and dignified appointments in blue and cream are worthy of the noble history of our ancient Lodge. An incident unique in our annals occurred in 1932, when for the first time Philanthropic's walls echoed to the majestic words of the ritual uttered in a foreign tongue. At the April meeting, by special invitation, the officers of [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=Germania Germania] Lodge of Boston worked the Master Mason's Degree in German on Brother August Amandus Hans Reinecke. The large and deeply interested gathering agreed that it was fine work, most impressively and eloquently done.
 +
 +
Clarence E. Chapman, our present Master, was installed in 1933. The forty-fifth to occupy the Oriental Chair, Worshipful Brother Chapman has proven himself a worthy successor to our long and distinguished line of Masters Good and True.
 +
 +
 +
We have come to the end of our story. One hundred and seventy-five years of Masonic history have unrolled before us. Surely the chronicle has shown us that we are Brethren of a Lodge whose glorious record in both peace and war is unsurpassed in Masonic annals.
 +
 +
Venerable Philanthropic is a Lodge to be proud of — nay more, a Lodge to love and cherish! If the reading of this history has strengthened your affection for this grand old Institution — as the writing of it has done for your historian — then indeed is my labor well repaid.
 +
 +
May the future of Philanthropic be as glorious as her past!
 +
 +
And in the Temple of Freemasonry throughout the ages, to use C. R. Kennedy's beautiful words,
 +
<blockquote>
 +
"Sometimes the work goes on in deep darkness, sometimes in blinding light: now under the burden of unutterable anguish — now to the tune of great laughter and heroic shoutings like the cry of thunder. Sometimes, in the silence of the night-time, one may hear the tiny hammerings of the Comrades at work up in the dome — the Comrades that have climbed ahead!"
 +
</blockquote>
 +
 +
''Tracy Lewis Sanborn, 32°.'' <br>
 +
''Marblehead, Massachusetts.''
  
 
==== 200TH ANNIVERSARY HISTORY, MARCH 1960 ====
 
==== 200TH ANNIVERSARY HISTORY, MARCH 1960 ====
Line 904: Line 1,426:
  
 
On the 20th, the officers of Philanthropic Lodge, Marblehead, were publicly installed. Address by Rev. Br. [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMRandall Randall].
 
On the 20th, the officers of Philanthropic Lodge, Marblehead, were publicly installed. Address by Rev. Br. [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMRandall Randall].
 +
 +
==== GRAND MASTER VISIT, MAY 1880 ====
 +
 +
''From Liberal Freemason, Vol. IV, No. 2, May 1880, Page 63:''
 +
 +
On Tuesday evening, May 4th. the M. W. G. Master, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMWelch Charles A. Welch], with other officers and members of the Grand Lodge, visited Marblehead, and in accordance with a vote of the Grand Lodge in March last, re-established [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=Philanthropic Philanthropic] Lodge. We have before alluded to the fact that this Lodge was chartered in 1760, and is the third oldest on the roll. The occasion was very pleasant and interesting, and the prospects of the Lodge hopeful. The Secretary read a paper, giving extracts from the history of the Lodge, and which we hope to obtain for publication. Those who heard it, pronounce it one of the most interesting Lodge histories in the State. Worshipful Master Doak and Secretary Hatheway, received many compliments from the Grand officers and others present.
 +
 +
==== 165TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION, MARCH 1925 ====
 +
 +
''From New England Craftsman, Vol. XX, No. 7, April 1925, Page 249:''
 +
 +
Philanthropic lodge, A. F. & A. M. of Marblehead, Mass., observed its 165th anniversary, Tuesday evening March 24, with a banquet in Odd Fellows hall, attended by fully 300 members and guests. The feature was an address by past Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMPrince Arthur D. Prince], of Lowell. It had been planned to have an historical address by the Kev. Thomas M. Mark, of South Boston, a member of the lodge. This however, will be read at a later meeting.
 +
 +
The first Masons in the town of Marblehead were made in Boston by [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMGridley Jeremy Gridley], Provincial Grand Master, on March 25, 1760, but nothing was done toward forming a lodge for some years. An application for a charter was granted in tho meantime, but as the members didn't meet but once a year, it was declared forfeited. The charter was restored and a regular lodge was formed on Jan. 15, 1778. Richard Harris was the first worshipful master and served until 1781.
 +
 +
The war of 1812 took so many of the able-bodied men out of the town that few Masons were left: and so on June 23, 1812, the lodge voted to surrender its charter. For tho ensuing nine years there was no Masonic lodge in the town but in April 1821 the charter was returned and tho Rev. [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLJoBartlett John Bartlett] was chosen Worshipful Master.
 +
 +
A square and compass captured by Capt. James Mugford on the powder ship ''Hope'' in Boston harbor in 1775 are still used as working tools by the lodge, and the tyler uses a sword famous in history.
 +
 +
==== 225TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION, MARCH 1985 ====
 +
 +
''From '''TROWEL''', Summer 1985, Page 2:''
 +
 +
'''Philanthropic Lodge, 1760-1985'''
 +
 +
<blockquote>
 +
''We salute thee Philanthropic, our Lodge down by the sea;'' <br>
 +
''Resplendent in tradition, and acclaimed in history;''<br>
 +
''She was gathered in 1760, by those men of Marblehead;'' <br>
 +
''Whom we honor here today, for that godly life they led.''<br>
 +
''They built a great fraternity, as they toiled with might and main;''<br>
 +
''In their labors to fulfill, and that goal they did attain.''<br>
 +
''So may we now who follow those forebears of the past''
 +
''To ever hold our banner high, for so long as time may last.''<br>
 +
<br>
 +
''- Stephen Fagg''
 +
</blockquote>
 +
 +
'''Philanthropic Lodge Renews Its Strong Tie to America'''<br>
 +
''By Dana T. Hughes''
 +
 +
Philanthropic Lodge of Marblehead, the third oldest Lodge chartered in Massachusetts, paused in its deliberations on March 22-24 to take note of its 225th birthday and the strong link that Lodge has had with America's history. Festivities began with a special communication, a ladies night dinner-dance, and a memorial service held in historic Old North Church of Boston. Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMRichardson David B. Richardson] and Grand Lodge officers joined in the celebration.
 +
 +
Until 1649 a part of Salem, Marblehead was settled 20 years earlier by fishermen. While the town is now a mecca for sailors of small craft during August race week, privateers like the ''Hannah'', ''Lee'', and ''Franklin'' rendered noteworthy service for the colonists during the Revolutionary War. It's a town and a Lodge that boasts of Bro. John Pulling who, on the night of the 19th of April in '75, opened the door of Old North to admit Robert Newman so he could climb to the belfry and warn [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMRevere Paul Revere] and his cohorts that it was time to begin a new nation.
 +
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<p align=center>
 +
http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/images/PhilanthropicCharter1985.jpg<br>
 +
''Displaying the Old Charter of Philanthropic Lodge, Marblehead. are:'' <br>
 +
''R. W. [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLWDavis Warren R. Davis], D. D. G. M., [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MALynn8_1927-2003 Lynn 8th Masonic District]; and the Master of Philanthropic Lodge. Dincer Ulutas.''<br>
 +
''Dated Jan. 14. 1778. this ancient document succeeded the commission granted to Dr. John Lowell on March 25, 1760,''<br>
 +
''for establishing a Masonic Lodge in Marblehead. The reverse side carries an annotation ''<br>
 +
''signed by Grand Master Paul Revere, dated June 12, 1797, which formally named the Lodge 'Philanthropic.' ''<br>
 +
''Previously, it had been known as 'Marblehead Lodge.' ''
 +
</p>
 +
 +
It was the 25th of March, 1760, when Dr. John Lowell of Marblehead received from [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMGridley Jeremy Gridley], Grand Master of St. John's Grand Lodge of Boston, his commission as the first Worshipful Master of the new-born Philanthropic Lodge. The colonies were just closing out the French and Indian War, Quebec had fallen to Wolfe's army, and six months after the new Lodge was chartered French domination in Montreal would end.
 +
 +
What were those early days like in the new Lodge? Who were the men? There must have been some interesting meetings because minutes read in other old Lodges have proven fascinating and often humorous. Philanthropic sadly admits that the records of its first 18 years are missing — a tragedy that ought to warn other old chartered Masonic Lodges to keep records in security against fire and theft.
 +
 +
Two or three references in the old records of Grand Lodge, a notation on the old charter, and a precious letter written April 10, 1760, by Wor. Master Lowell to R. W. John Leverett, Grand Secretary, is the only proof and reminder the Lodge can offer. The first references to Marblehead in Grand Lodge, Jan. 31, 1757, tell of a meeting in the Royal Exchange Tavern in Boston, and state: "Our Right Worshipfull G. M. acquainted the Lodge that the occasion of this Meeting was for to make Capt. Harry Charters, Capt. Gilbert McAdams, aide-de-Camp Doctor Richard Huch, and Mr. John Appy Secy to the Earl of Loudoun with Mr. John Melvill, Masons (who came to town from Marblehead with Bro. Lowell on purpose to be made a Mason), which the Lodge unanimously agreed to."
 +
 +
The following letter is of such importance to Philanthropic Lodge's existence and its precedence to 1760, that it should be published, and it is quoted in full:
 +
 +
<blockquote>
 +
Marblehead April 10. 5760. <br>
 +
<br>
 +
To the Right Worshipfull Brother<br>
 +
John Leverett,  ''Grand Secretary.''<br>
 +
<br>
 +
''Right Worshipful Brother,'' I Rec'd the Commission you sent me from the Right Worshipfull Grand Master bearing Date the 25th Ult°. to Act as Master of a Lodge in Marblehead. When I have a Convenient Oppertunity in person I shall Endeavour to Acknowlege the favour in a proper manner to him & the Rest of the Right Worshipfull Officers. I Likewise have Received your Letter of the 2d. Inst: Inviting me & my Wardens by Order of the Right Worshipfull Grand Master to the Grand Lodge or Quarterly Communication. I Am Sorry I cant do myself that Pleasure, My Wife Expecting to Lay in with a Child this month & the Time is so Uncertain that I cant possibly be from home, But our Brothers Glover and Tucker whom I have Appointed my Wardens (Pro Tempore) will wait upon you. Inclosed I have sent you the Names of those whom I found to be Brethren in the Town and whom I have made at two meetings 6ince I opened the Lodge. I have thought fit at present to hold our Lodge in a Chamber of our Brother Tukers House which is at the Entrance of the Town the Largest and Best Situated upon all Accounts we have among us. The Night of our Meeting is the first Thursday in every Month. Our Last Meeting Consisted of Twenty in Number when I mentioned to them the Charity for our poor Brethren. As We have Been at Considerable Expcnce for Things Necessary to furnish our Lodge Genteelly it has taken up all the Money in our Box which we have got by Admitting New Brethren and more, so that we could not send you so much as perhaps this Necessitous time requires, our Lodge being Young & Few.    But as a Number of our Brethren have we Collected among us Forty pounds Old Tenor which my Wardens will deliver you & hope the Sum tho' Small will be acceptable. <br>
 +
I am Right Worshipfull<br>
 +
Your Humble Servant & Brother<br>
 +
Jn". Lowell <br>
 +
<br>
 +
A List of Brothers before the Opening of a Lodge in Marblehead<br>
 +
and Belonging to the Same Town.<br>
 +
<br>
 +
* Samuel Glover S: W:
 +
* Andrew Tucker J: W:
 +
* John Roades Secy.
 +
* Jonathan Glover Treasurer
 +
* Henery Saunders
 +
* Samuel Reed
 +
* John Glover
 +
* George Stacey
 +
* Edward Middlesex Walker.
 +
* Andrew Tuker Junr.
 +
* John Peirce
 +
* John Reed Junr.
 +
<br>
 +
A List of Brothers Admitted in the New Lodge at Marblehead<br>
 +
all belonging to Marblehead<br>
 +
* John Cawley
 +
* Thomas Lewis
 +
* Edward Fitterplace
 +
* John Pulling
 +
* Thomas King
 +
* Thomas Dixey
 +
* Thomas Aden
 +
* Richard Harris
 +
* ''except'' Edward Draper Holford of St. Kitts.
 +
</blockquote>
 +
 +
Among the 22 charter members are: John Glover, later Colonel of the Marblehead Regiment and Brig. Gen. in Washington's army; Edward Fettyplace, member of the Revolutionary Committee of Correspondence and Captain of the Melrose Company; John Pulling, intimate friend of Paul Revere and prominent patriot who financially suffered in his business because of the roles he played to assist Revere; and Richard Harris, artilleryman in the Continental Army, town and federal official.
 +
 +
At an April 11,1760, meeting of St. John's Grand Lodge it is recorded that Wardens Glover and Tucker faithfully carried out their mission and presented for charity 5 pounds 6 shillings and 8 pence. The second is the Grand Lodge record of Oct. 10, 1760, telling that Bro. Thomas Lewis presented 18 shillings. It continues: "NB the Commission to hold their Lodge dated March 25,1760, from ye G Master in Boston J. G." — meaning, Jeremy Gridley. The final record is the diploma granted to John Pulling on June 9, 1761. That diploma is now safely kept in the archives of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts.
 +
 +
Although there are no records to show the first 18 years' activities of Philanthropic Lodge, the aforementioned letter and records of St. John's Grand Lodge attest to the issuance of a charter and some transactions made, plus Bro. Pulling's diploma. The Marblehead Lodge is preceded only by [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=StJohnB St. John's] Lodge (1733) and the [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=StAndrew Lodge of St. Andrew] (1756), both of Boston.
 +
 +
When [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMRowe John Rowe] became Grand Master in 1768 Samuel Glover and others from Marblehead applied to him for a charter. Perhaps the warrant issued in 1760 had lapsed. On Jan. 14, 1778, Grand Master Rowe issued to a committee of the Lodge the treasured old charter that is now secured in a bank. First recorded degree work was Jan. 22, 1778, for "Enterd aprinticeis." The first black cube was noted Feb. 16, 1778, and the first Fellowcraft Degree is dated March 5, 1778, and it states, "pipes and tobacker was furnished." A month later, on April 16, "the Mystic Word of the Third Degree was pronounced for the first time."
 +
 +
Once a popular townsman's application was repeatedly rejected and the Master chose to appoint a committee to resolve the problem. With the wisdom of Solomon the committee suggested that the Lodge "Suspend the rule and admit the candidate." It was done. Convivial souls indeed were our early Brethren and often the overindulgence of spirits presented Lodge room problems that were dealt with effectively. The first death recorded is that of Henry Saunders on April 21, 1778. He was one of the charter members. Masonic burial services took the members to Salem, Ipswich, and "Mr. William Obrian of mechias," probably Machias, ME.
 +
 +
The first celebration of St. John's Day was June 25, 1778. A gathering of 39 Brethren and Deputy Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLMDeshon Moses Deshon] "walked from the Lodge in Procession to the Rev. William Whitwel's meeting house where we had an oration Deliverd by Bro. Barnard Sweatt and after Singing of the 133 and 134 Psalms we walked in the abov order to Bro. Peter Green's and theire Celebrated the Feast and at Seven-o'-Clock Returnd to the Log and at Eight-o'-Clock the Bisness being finishd the Log was Closd in Due Form."
 +
 +
Records of Grand Lodge and our subordinate Lodges fail to properly record events of the Revolutionary and Civil Wars. M. W. [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMRoy Thomas S. Roy], in his book ''Stalwart Builders'', takes note of that fact and he was always puzzled why the Brethren who fought in the wars had not been recorded. The first and only reference of the Revolutionary War in Philanthropic records occurs Oct. 14, 1778, four months after Gen. Washington had won the Battle of Monmouth, when a "Committee of three was appointed to Wait upon the agents of the Privateer Raven to Parole Bro. Laborn and Bro. Hunter."
 +
 +
The national coinage was apparently confusing to everybody when British rule ended and a new nation struggled with the change from pounds and shillings to paper and "hard dolers." Rent paid to Peter Jaynes for use of his second floor apartment for Lodge meetings was made in twelve pounds in money and sixteen cords of wood per annum. That early home of the Lodge still stands at 37 Mugford St.; called the old Prentiss Home, it served Philanthropic well for many years.
 +
 +
<p align=center>
 +
http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/images/PhilanthropicOfficers1985.jpg<br>
 +
''Shown in the East are the 1985-86 Officers of Philanthropic Lodge. Marblehead:''<br>
 +
''George A. Carlton. Tyler: Glover B. Preble, Senior Steward: James F. Keating, Senior Deacon:''<br>
 +
''Emerson E. Glass. Chaplain; John B. Palmer. Treasurer; Kenneth O. Glass. Senior Warden; ''<br>
 +
''Dincer Ulutas. Wor. Master; Peter J. B. Teague. Junior Warden; Douglas F. Hulsman. Secretary;''<br>
 +
'' James C. Full. Marshal; Kline O. Ingalls. Junior Deacon; and Robert A. Nickerson, Subst. Officer.''<br>
 +
<br>
 +
''Photo by Dana F. Hughes''
 +
</blockquote>
 +
 +
From April 20, 1786, to Feb. 1, 1797, there is a break in the records. Did the Lodge fail to meet during those 11 years? Was there a lack of interest? Nobody will ever know, but on June 12, 1797, the Lodge was formally received under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts which voted that "the Name of the Lodge meeting in Marblehead from henceforth be Called PHILANTHROPIC LODGE." It was signed by Grand Master Paul Revere and Grand Secretary Daniel Oliver. The ancient charter issued by Grand Master Rowe in 1778 was returned to the Lodge after being in use 37 years as "Marblehead Lodge."
 +
 +
The first Grand Lodge visitation in Philanthropic Lodge occurred Nov. 23, 1798. Wor. Elisha Story received Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMBartlett Josiah Bartlett] and nine Grand Lodge officers, one of whom was Paul Revere. The Lodge was opened at 7 P.M. and closed at 9 P.M. but no written words can enlighten us as to what transpired between those hours.
 +
 +
The Lodge lamented the death of Ill. George Washington. Bro. Joseph Story, who later was appointed Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, delivered the eulogy. Another break in the records occurs from May 4, 1803, to Jan. 10, 1809. However, the Lodge must have been active because it was recorded at Quarterly Communications of Grand Lodge.
 +
 +
In 1811 collections were taken to help free Brethren from the "Barbary corsairs" imprisoned in Algiers. The hated Embargo Act, domestic distress, and the impending war against Great Britain were reflected in the loss of interest in the Lodge. A committee was chosen to select "such Articles as belong to the Grand Lodge and return them with the Charter." The Tiler was bequeathed the candles and liquor. Nine years went by, years when Philanthropic Brethren shed their blood on the decks of "Old Ironsides" and in countless privateer and frigate actions, or rotted in Dartmoor and the British prison hulks at Portsmouth and Southampton. Interest was revived and on June 13, 1821, Grand Master [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMDixwell John Dixwell] formally restored the charter to the Lodge.
 +
 +
Domestic disputes often surfaced as the result of heated debates among members. "Some easiness" arose between two Brethren occasioned by the impolite remarks of one toward the other's granddaughter. The Lodge settled the issue in open meeting to the satisfaction of both parties. The Lodge attended the laying of the cornerstone at Bunker Hill at which Gen. Lafayette was present and recorded the event as "the largest assembly of people that ever met at one time in the United States of America."
 +
 +
The anti-Masonic era took its toll and the beautiful chandelier was auctioned for $50 in a desperate attempt to raise money to pay the rent to the Free School Association. Finally, on May 21, 1834, the 16 members present voted to surrender the charter. M.W. Augustus Peabody returned the charter March 12, 1845, to 20 loyal Craftsmen headed by Wor. John Bartlett. Employing "silence and circumspection" a committee of sleuths apparently learned who was causing "leakage of private Masonic matters."
  
 
<hr>
 
<hr>
Line 911: Line 1,574:
 
* [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLJoBartlett John Bartlett], DDGM, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MANorthShoreDistrict2_1821-34 District 2], 1825-1826; Grand Chaplain 1815; Deputy Grand Master 1827-1829
 
* [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MAGLJoBartlett John Bartlett], DDGM, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MANorthShoreDistrict2_1821-34 District 2], 1825-1826; Grand Chaplain 1815; Deputy Grand Master 1827-1829
 
* ''Arthur C. Bisenti, Jr.'', DDGM, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MADISTRICT09_2003andAfter District 9], 2005, 2006 ''PM of [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=Wayfarers Wayfarers] Lodge''
 
* ''Arthur C. Bisenti, Jr.'', DDGM, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MADISTRICT09_2003andAfter District 9], 2005, 2006 ''PM of [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=Wayfarers Wayfarers] Lodge''
* ''John R. Blaney'', DDGM, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MALynn8_1927-2003 District 8 (Lynn)], 1994, 1995
+
* John R. Blaney, DDGM, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MALynn8_1927-2003 District 8 (Lynn)], 1994, 1995;  '''[http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MANecrologiesAG#BLANEY.2C_JOHN_RAYMOND_1945-2018 N]'''
 
* Samuel Bowden, DDGM, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MANorthShore2_1834-48 District 2], 1844-1847. ''No record of membership?''
 
* Samuel Bowden, DDGM, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MANorthShore2_1834-48 District 2], 1844-1847. ''No record of membership?''
 
* Edward G. Brown, DDGM, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MALynn8_1911-1926 District 8 (Lynn)], 1911, 1912; '''[http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MASuppNecrologiesAG#BROWN.2C_EDWARD_GLOVER_1869-1946 SN]'''
 
* Edward G. Brown, DDGM, [http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MALynn8_1911-1926 District 8 (Lynn)], 1911, 1912; '''[http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=MASuppNecrologiesAG#BROWN.2C_EDWARD_GLOVER_1869-1946 SN]'''

Latest revision as of 17:26, 12 March 2019

MA_Philanthropic.jpg

Contents

PHILANTHROPIC LODGE

Location: Marblehead

Chartered By: Jeremy Gridley

Charter Date: 03/25/1760 I-67; note that this page shows the lodge in attendance, but the date of charter is only listed on I-69.

Precedence Date: 03/25/1760

Current Status: Active


NOTES

Philanthropic Lodge was chartered by St. John‘s Grand Lodge; it was originally named St. John's #1 in Marblehead, and later simply the Lodge at Marblehead.

Benjamin F. Arrington Lodge merged into Wayfarers Lodge, 05/08/1984, which merged here, 10/05/2006.

MEMBER LIST, 1802

From Vocal Companion and Masonic Register, Boston, 1802, Part II, Page 29:

  • R. W. Elisha Story, M.
  • W. John Chandler, S. W.
  • W. Wm. Blackler, J. W.
  • John Bond, Sec.
  • Jonathan Orne, Tr.
  • John Drury, S. D.
  • Asa Hooper, J. D.
  • John Brown, Steward.
  • John Hines, Steward.

No. of Members, 30.


PAST MASTERS

  • John Lowell, 1760-1776?
  • Richard Harris, 1778
  • Samuel R. Trevett, 1781
  • Elisha Story, 1782-1797, 1802
  • Ralph H. French, 1809, 1825
  • Ebenezer G. Evans, 1810
  • John Chandler, 1811
  • Charter not in force 1811-1821
  • John Bartlett, 1821-1824, 1845
  • Josiah P. Cressey, 1826, 1827, 1831
  • Samuel S. Trefry, 1825, 1832, 1834, 1846
  • John Traill, 1828, 1830
  • Charter not in force 1834-1846
  • David Blaney, 1847-1858
  • H.H.F. Whittemore, 1859, 1862
  • Michael J. Doak, 1863, 1866, 1875, 1876, 1880, 1881
  • Jonathan Cole, 1867, 1868
  • Benjamin Pitman, 1869, 1872, 1882
  • William H. Wormstead, 1873, 1874
  • Charter not in force 1876-1880
  • William W. Dodge, 1883
  • Horace Goodwin, 1884, 1885
  • William D.T. Trefry, 1886, 1887
  • Frank Lackey, 1888, 1889
  • Emery Brown, 1890, 1891
  • Stephen W. Power, 1892, 1893
  • Benjamin Cole, Jr., 1894, 1895
  • P. Howard Shirley, 1896, 1897
  • George P. Graves, 1898, 1899
  • Winthrop Brown, 1900, 1901
  • George S. Goss, 1902, 1903
  • Charles Goodwin, 1904, 1905
  • Horace B. Gardner 1906, 1907
  • Edward G. Brown, 1908, 1909; SN
  • Clinton A. Ferguson, 1910, 1911
  • Henry G. Trefry, 1912, 1913,
  • Charles H. King, 1914, 1915
  • Harrie K. Nutting, 1916, 1917
  • Richard T. Cole, 1918, 1919
  • Amos H. Humphrey, 1920, 1921
  • J. Edgar Parker, 1922, 1923
  • Arthur L. Swasey, 1924
  • Ackley R. Slee, 1925
  • Rufus L. Titus, 1926, 1927
  • Arthur M. Humphrey 1928, 1929
  • William L. Nickerson, 1930, 1931
  • Chester M. Damon, 1932, 1933
  • Clarence E. Chapman, 1934, 1935
  • Lewis Doane, 1936, 1937; N
  • Chester C. Parker, 1938, 1939
  • William Chisholm, 1940, 1941
  • Warren E. Horne, 1942, 1943
  • Carl B. Gleason, 1944, 1945
  • G. Jeffrey Nichols, 1946, 1947
  • Harry O. Hiltz, 1948, 1949; N
  • Kenneth H. Martin, 1950, 1951
  • Benjamin F. Martin, 1952, 1953
  • Nilsson S. Bassett, 1954, 1955
  • Robert D. Fallon, 1956, 1957; N
  • Irving B. Oliver, 1958, 1959
  • George S. Lawler, Sr., 1960, 1961
  • Richard M. Seibel, II, 1962, 1963
  • George E. Taylor, Jr, 1964, 1965
  • Donald T. Welch, 1966, 1967
  • George S. Lawler, Jr., 1968
  • Raymond K. Burns, Jr. 1969
  • Robert B. Clark, 1971, 1972
  • Douglas F. Hulsman, 1973, 1974; N
  • John R. Blaney, 1975, 1976; N
  • Robert P. B. Wright, 1977, 1978
  • Charles H. Briggs, 1979, 1980
  • James T. Martin, Jr., 1981, 1982
  • James C. Full, 1983, 1984
  • Dincer Ulutas, 1985, 1986
  • Kenneth O. Glass, 1987, 1988
  • Peter J. B. Teague, 1989, 1990
  • E. Gordon Lothrop, 1991, 1992
  • Richard C. Smith Jr., 1993, 1994
  • Glover B. Preble, Jr., 1995, 1996
  • G. Dudley Welch, 1997, 1998
  • David N. Riordan, 1999, 2000
  • J. Michael Riordan, 2001, 2002
  • John F. Belanger, 2003, 2004
  • Timothy J. Doane, 2005, 2006
  • William H. Kelley, 2007, 2008
  • Allan J. Martin, 2009, 2010; DDGM
  • Jonathan F. Morley, 2011, 2012
  • David M. Kiezer, 2013, 2014
  • Nicholas Michaud, 2015, 2016
  • Damian A. Johnson, 2017, 2018
  • Dana Lemieux, 2019

Note: John Lowell (1734-1776) is not Rt. Wor. John Lowell, later Deputy Grand Master; he was a physician in Marblehead. He was Master of the Lodge as late as 1768; see the correspondence with Grand Lodge, Page I-144.

REFERENCES IN GRAND LODGE PROCEEDINGS

  • Petition for Charter: 1760
  • Consolidation Petition (with Wayfarers Lodge): 2006
  • Restoration of Charter: 1821
  • Restoration of Charter: 1845
  • Surrender of Charter: 1876
  • Restoration of Charter: 1880

APPEARANCES 1733-1792

QUARTERLY AND REGULAR COMMUNICATIONS

  • 1760: 04/11, 10/10

ANNIVERSARIES

  • 1910 (150th Anniversary)
  • 1935 (175th Anniversary)
  • 1960 (200th Anniversary)
  • 1985 (225th Anniversary)
  • 2010 (250th Anniversary)

VISITS BY GRAND MASTER

BY-LAW CHANGES

1858 1870 1871 1880 1888 1889 1906 1908 1911 1912 1913 1914 1920 1921 1922 1926 1928 1930 1934 1937 1939 1962 1963 1965 1968 1970 1983 1989 1993 1994 1995 2004 2007 2013 2014

HISTORY

  • 1880 (Historical Sketch, from New England Craftsman; see below)
  • 1900 (Historical Address, 1900-71; see below)
  • 1910 (150th Anniversary, from New England Craftsman; see below)
  • 1935 (175th Anniversary History, 1935-48; from New England Craftsman; see below)
  • 1960 (200th Anniversary History, 1960-41; see below)
  • 1985 (225th Anniversary History, 1985-40)

HISTORICAL SKETCH, MAY 1880

From Liberal Freemason, Vol. IV, No. 3, June 1880, Page 67:

On the occasion of reviving Philanthropic Lodge, in Marblehead, alluded to in our last number, the Secretary, Bro. S. P. Hatheway, Jr., read a paper, giving, as will be seen, a historical sketch of that organization. He has kindly furnished us the copy, and, though somewhat lengthy, we print it for the benefit of those interested. After alluding to the feeling of regard one must have for those whose good deeds have made green their memories, and for traditions associated With things long past, he says:

"Our Lodge has such traditions and memories. We turn to its Record, and we live with a century of Masonry that has passed. We look at its Charter which so many noble hands have held, and find the name of Paul Revere. We bend at its altar, and grasp the square and compasses that were taken from the Powder ship that Mugford captured. We are met at the door of the Tiler with the first sword that was drawn in this State at the President's call for troops in the late rebellion, which, in another century, will be as historic as the others. But briefly, let us together look through the records; it will be old to some, tiresome to many, but food to all.

"The first knowledge we have of Masonry in this town, is obtained from the records of the Grand Lodge. Therein we find, on the 25th of March, 1760, Dr. Lowell, and some others, went to Boston to be made Masons, were so made by Bro. Jeremy Gridley, then Grand Master, and were authorized to form a Lodge in this place. (It was twenty-seven years after the establishment of Masonry in America, but of the time or place of meeting, no record remains.) The presumption is, that after forming the Lodge their numbers failed to increase, and having become discouraged, they returned the charter or dispensation, to wait a more favorable opportunity. There are but two Lodges older than this in the State, St. John's and St. Andrew's: St. John's, chartered in England in 1733, (being then the Grand Lodge from which our charter was obtained); St. Andrew's, chartered as a Grand Lodge in Scotland in 1756. In 1792, these two authorities united to form what is now the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, but retained their charters as subordinate Lodges. An application was made sometime between 1760 and 1778, by Samuel Glover, and a warrant granted, but the brethren not meeting once in twelve months, it was forfeited. In 1778, the charter was again granted by Right Worshipful Brother John Rowe, to Brother Richard Harris and others. They assembled together on the 15th day of January, at the house of the Widow King, and formed a regular Lodge. Where that house stood, we know not, but probably it remains a memory of those days, although unknown to us. It was in the midst of those times, when the clouds hung blackest over our land, when the wise and the true took counsel together, when the fair fields of Lexington and Bunker Hill had been crimsoned by the blood of their brethren, that this Lodge was formed.

"For a time the Lodge appears to have gained in numbers, and In have prospered. Persons were initiated from Maine, Connecticut, and different parts of our own State, and we presume the Lodge to have been very proficient in the work. Let us imagine the first night the Brethren met under the new Constitution. One has been stationed at the outer door as Tiler, another remains in the small ante-room to arrange the pipes, tobacco, and punches, by the aid of tallow candles. We see the large, loose cloaks lain on the chairs, and the cocked or beaver hats piled in the corner. A small sheet-iron stove, healed by pine knots, makes it very comfortable; but let us enter, and 'this is Masons Hall'; the floor sanded, the windows darkened by thick curtains, but the light is an improvement on the ante-room, for here are wax candles in large and elaborately wrought brass candle-sticks, with snuffers ready for use; then look at the immense lire-place, with its huge logs crackling and spitting while they send out a genial heat. The fender and brass andirons, shovel and tongs, are indeed a curious sight; but notice around the fire-place the different pictures on marble of scenes from Scripture; above it is a mirror brought from Bilboa, a return for some fishing adventure; and the settles, straight-back and unpainted, and the curiously carved leather-seated chairs, and there, too, as in all times, is the altar with the Holy Bible, Square, and Compasses, and the three burning tapers. In the East sits Master Richard Harris, clothed in short clothes, with large silver buckles at the knee, and the same on his shoes; his ample vest is covered by a velvet coat of the fashionable cut of those days; on his head a cocked hat, from under which his cue comes down, and we should judge from the appearance of his coat collar, that his hair was powdered ; slowly he rises from his seat, and taking in his hand that charter which is now the choice treasure of this Lodge, says: 'Brethren I have congregated you together this evening to form a Lodge, But first, "as no man should ever engage in any great or important undertaking without first invoking the blessing ><\ Deity, let us unite in prayer"; the prayer ended, he proceeds, "by virtue of the authority vested in me, I appoint Brother Fettyplace, Senior Warden; Brother Roads, Junior Warden.

"No further business, Lodge is closed, and drawing around the fire-place, with their pipes, tobacco, and punches they talk of the events that are happening around in serious tones. What the future may bring forth, Cod only knows; whether the cause of freedom and humanity, or of tyranny and despotism shall triumph, none know; but one resolve is theirs, they will not yield whether they survive or perish. Together they go forth into the clear, frosty air of that January night, each to his own home. As night after night they meet, they see their numbers increase, till at List, in the course of a few years, they have a large lodge. The names of many members in those early clays have been made familiar to us by tradition; Harris, Trevitt, Lee, Orne, Fettyplace, Gerry, Hooper. There are others, well known then, but now forgotten.

"We find by the Record that they usually celebrated the annual feasts of both the Sts. John in June and December. Those were the days when the wine sparkled on the board, and the merry jest and song went round.- The times have changed, whether for the better, let each judge for himself, but not for their brother. Far be it from me to disparage our own times; nor will I think less of those, for I know they were noble men, within whose breasts beat hearts filled with charity and brotherly love. The wine is banished from our boards, but we hope that charity and brotherly love remains as strong as of old.

"As we glance over the Record, we find death comes among them and takes some Brother away, and we can almost imagine we hear the wail of the penetential hymn sounding clown through the years, and the Master's voice saying, 'Dust to dust, ashes to ashes', the acacia and the silent tear are dropped, and the brethren pass on.

"The office of Master is filled by Bro. Harris from 1778 to '81; Samuel R. Trevitt from 1781 to'82; Elisha Story, 1782 to '86. Then for ten years no record appears. They meet on the evening of April 20th, 1786, choose officers for the coming year, make rules, and close. They meet again February, 1797, to attend the funeral of a Brother. Their work appears to have fallen off from 1783, so much so that sometimes they meet, but not in numbers sufficient to open a Lodge. Thursday. Feb. 14th, 1797, they meet and made choice of officers. Elisha Story is again chosen, and holds office by re-election, or because of no election, till 1803. June 12, 1797, the Lodge came under the Jurisdiction of the United Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, and received the name 'Philanthropic,' which it now bears. " In February, 1780, the Lodge voted that the hall they then occupied was not convenient, and a committee was appointed to procure one more suitable. Brother Peter Jayne let them his assembly rooms as a Lodge room, upon their furnishing him with sixteen cords of wood per annum, as long as they continued his tenants. They occupied these rooms from February till October of the same year, when the Lodge was again removed to the house of Bro. Burdick. Whether the removal was caused by the supply of wood falling off, the Record says not.

"The festival of St. John's Day, 1783, was celebrated in what they would term, I suppose, ample form. The Secretary has entered upon his records even the price to be paid per head, '3s. for the dinner, 6d. for a bottle of wine more than the first cost, 2 pence for a bowl of punch, 1 pence for a bowl of grog.' Not very temperate, we should say, but then, this festival came but once a year, and if in those days clue restraint was not placed, as it may have been, upon their appetites, it was upon their passions, which are now more a source of trouble than drinking was then, for by the records we read, that words spoken in temper in a Lodge-room, were sufficient cause for expulsion. Were this rule adopted in our days, there would be many a vacant seat in evtry Lodge. The Lodge, in those days, appears to have met once in two weeks, or oftener, if work required it; they adopted rules which were suspended by a majority vote of the members present.

"As an example: on one Lodge night a certain person applied for initiation ; he was balloted for and negatived ; twice the same thing occurs ; the application was laid on the table till the next meeting, and again balloted for; again a black ball; the Lodge then appointed a committee 'to see what shall be done'; they report, 'suspend the 9th rule and admit him,' and he was accordingly admitted, and some meetings later the 9th rule was renewed. Let me here state from the records another little incident: Two brothers have a disagreement; after some talk, it is agreed to by both, that the matter be referred to two other brethren; but one of the disputants makes this reservation: 'I will leave it to be decided by the brothers agreed on, but may hell and damnation seize my soul if I abide by the award, unless it be in my favor.'

"As we follow the Records along, there is plainly seen a rise and fall, for a few years on the topmost wave, the next in its receding foam, then lost from sight, but soon to appear again. Seasons of prosperity and adversity follow one another along in quick succession, sometimes calling special meetings for work, then closing because of none. On the first day of January, 1800, the Lodge met and passed a resolve that the Brethren wear black crape with blue ribbon on the left arm for thirty days as a badge of mourning for the decease of their Illustrious Brother, George Washington, and to listen to an eulogy to be pronounced the next day by Joseph Story, Esq. He who pronounced that eulogy piaced his name on the rolls nl fame as a Jurist higher than any American has ever reached, Other places may claim names famed in the records of Jurisprudence, but this town claims a Story higher. The records close, 1803, with Elisha Story as Master, and open Jan. 10, 1809 with Ralph French as Master. Then for the first time we find an account of installation of officers. He held the office for one year, and a large number were initiated. He was re-elected, but declined, and Bro. Eben G. Evans was elected, serving one year. Bro. John Candler was then elected, and served till the surrender of the charter in 1812.

"But three times in the Records do we find a presentation made to any Master or Brother. In 1810, a medal was presented to Brother French; in 1859, a Past Master's Jewel is presented to Wor. Brother Blaney as tokens of respect for their services in Masonry; and, in April, 1872, a purse of money to Brother Peter J. Rogers, on his eightieth birthday, and then more than fifty years a Mason.

"At a meeting, Jan. 23, 1812, the Lodge voted to return the charter. Then war again raged, but now its fiercest conflicts were upon the ocean, and this town sent forth her bravest sons to aid in the conflict upon the decks of Privateers or Battleships. They nobly did their duty, and at the close of that war, had a roll of the members of the old Lodge been called, the greater number of responses would have come from Dartmoor, or the prison-hulks of England. From 1812 to 1821, Masonry remained silent in this town, but in April of 1821, a meeting of several of the Brethren was holden for the purpose of consulting on the expediency of re-establishing the Lodge. Of the thirteen petitioners for the restoration of the charter, not one is now living, the last one, Bro. E. Kimball, having died within a year. At a meeting, April 9th, Brother John Bartlett was elected Master, and all the other offices filled. June 24th, 1822, the new hall was dedicated (this house was afterwards purchased and occupied by Bro David Blaney, and it is in possession of the family at this date, 1880), by the Grand Lodge, with honors. An oration was delivered by Bro. Thaddeus M. Harris, of Dorchester, and a dinner was prepared at the Fort. All of us here present remember that day by tradition; for myself, the first recollection that I have of Masonry was the saying, that it always rained when the Masons walked. I believe that it was generally conceded by all, that it never rained harder before, and never will again rain as on that day. The fact of it is a matter of record, and also the fact that it was much needed, as vegetation was suffering, and it was regarded as a great blessing from the Grand Master of the Universe. Brother John Bartlett remained as Master till 1825, then Bro R. W. French for one year, then Bro. Creasey for two years, then Bro. Trefry for one year, then Bro. Traill. Under these, the Lodge increased in numbers and prospered, till the dark days of Masonry came on. Then, in that wild tempest of fanaticism, with most of the Lodges in this vicinity, it again surrendered its charter. In those days, to be a Mason was indeed to be a marked man, doubted and mistrusted; but that fiery ordeal through which it then passed became a positive good, for the cowardly and the mean, the scheming politician, and the vile demagogue, who had sought for the means of rising to political power within its Lodges, left it, never, we hope, again to return. Then it was the true Mason stood fearless and erect, conscious that in the end virtue and light would be triumphant. For awhile the storm raged, but soon spent its fury, then broken and scattered, the clouds rolled away, the Sun came out again, the Lodge slowly revived, and the true Mason found himself by its consecrated altars.

"In March, 1841, the Charter was again called back, and Brother John Bartlett elected Master. He held office till December of the same year, when Bro. Trefry was elected, who held office till 1846, when by public installation, Bro. David Blaney was installed as Master. He held the office till December, 1858, the space of twelve years, the longest consecutive time ever held. When his successor was elected, Bro. Blaney was the only Past Master living. He died last year (1879), one of the best and truest of Masons. In 1858, Brother H. H. F. Whittemore was elected, and held the office till December, 1862. In 1860 the Lodge celebrated its one hundredth anniversary, and by curious coincidence, the W. Master was of the same profession at the birth of the Lodge, and on the celebration of its hundredth birth-day. The Lodge at that time numbered sixty-two members, and every member not absent from town was present on that occasion ; it was but twenty years ago. Yet twenty-eight of those who gathered at that festival have passed to the Grand Lodge above; among them, the Worshipful Master, Treasurer, Secretary, Marshal, and Chaplain.

"In December, 1862, Bro. M. J. Doak was elected Master, and held office till December, 1867, when Brother Jonathan Cole was elected and held office till December, 1868, when Brother Pitman was elected Master and held office till December, 1872, when Bro. W. H. Wormstead was elected; he held office till February, 1875, when Brother Doak was installed and remained as Master till the surrender of the charter in 1876.

"I have thus briefly sketched the history of the Lodge, as found in its Records, not so ably as it could be done by many of our brethren present, but in my own plain way, showing that though the Lodge may have lain dormant during some years of the past century, yet still the fires on its altars have ever burned, though somewhat covered with ashes. Like the vestal fires of the ancients, it needed but the breath to make the embers glow, and the sweet breath of the spring now has started them into new life and being."

HISTORICAL ADDRESS, MARCH 1900

From Proceedings, Page 1900-45:

By William D.T. Trefry.

THE FIRST FORTY YEARS OF MASONRY IN MARBLEHEAD.

This time one hundred and forty years ago, in the latter part of March, 1760, our Masonic forefathers, who constituted this Lodge, stood between two important historical events — the one just past; the other to come. The victory of General Wolfe on the Heights of Abraham. the year before, gave to England exclusive control of the whole eastern coast of the continent from Canada to Florida, and laid the foundation for American independence. Those of our forefathers who took part in this war were soon to witness another event of equal importance in its influence upon the Colonies. The accession of George III. to the throne of his grandfather in October, 1760, imbued with the desire to be king though men and principle were sacrificed, narrow and stubborn, self-willed and ignorant, hastened that remarkable train of events by which he was quickly shorn of the fairest possession of his crown.

The Navigation Acts, followed by his efforts to enforce the Stamp Act, and taxes upon commodities, soon raised the determined resistance of his subjects in America, and resulted in the final severance of the Colonies from the mother country. Of the celebrated characters who took part in these events, Marblehead furnished her full share. It is no exaggeration to say that, in proportion to her size, no place furnished more men, or gave greater evidence of her patriotic devotion to the cause of liberty. In these and subsequent events the men who formed and sustained this Lodge for the first forty years of its existence were among the foremost heroes of the Revolutionary period.

Midway between these two events a little band of Masons took measures to form a Lodge in Marblehead. They were authorized by the commission of Jeremy Gridley, Provincial Grand Master of North America. This commission, as far as known, is not now in existence, but the Records of the Grand Lodge show in several places that the commission to hold the Lodge at Marblehead was granted to Dr. John Lowell, March 25, 1760. There is no record of the proceedings in the possession of the Lodge from this time till 1778, and it is doubtful if any was kept. The following letter, which has recently come into the possession of the Grand Lodge, throws light upon the proceedings, and discloses the names of the men who were associated with Dr. Lowell in the organization of the Lodge:

LETTER OF DR. JOHN LOWELL.

Marblehead April 10. 5760.

To the Right Worshipfull Brother
John Leverett, Grand Secretary.

Right Worshipful Brother, I Rec'd the Commission you sent me from the Right Worshipfull Grand Master bearing Date the 25th Ult°. to Act as Master of a Lodge in Marblehead. When I have a Convenient Oppertunity in person I shall Endeavour to Acknowlege the favour in a proper manner to him & the Rest of the Right Worshipfull Officers. I Likewise have Received your Letter of the 2d. Inst: Inviting me & my Wardens by Order of the Right Worshipfull Grand Master to the Grand Lodge or Quarterly Communication. I Am Sorry I cant do myself that Pleasure, My Wife Expecting to Lay in with a Child this month & the Time is so Uncertain that I cant possibly be from home, But our Brothers Glover and Tucker whom I have Appointed my Wardens (Pro Tempore) will wait upon you. Inclosed I have sent you the Names of those whom I found to be Brethren in the Town and whom I have made at two meetings 6ince I opened the Lodge. I have thought fit at present to hold our Lodge in a Chamber of our Brother Tukers House which is at the Entrance of the Town the Largest and Best Situated upon all Accounts we have among us. The Night of our Meeting is the first Thursday in every Month. Our Last Meeting Consisted of Twenty in Number when I mentioned to them the Charity for our poor Brethren. As We have Been at Considerable Expcnce for Things Necessary to furnish our Lodge Genteelly it has taken up all the Money in our Box which we have got by Admitting New Brethren and more, so that we could not send you so much as perhaps this Necessitous time requires, our Lodge being Young & Few. But as a Number of our Brethren have we Collected among us Forty pounds Old Tenor which my Wardens will deliver you & hope the Sum tho' Small will be acceptable.
I am Right Worshipfull
Your Humble Servant & Brother
Jn". Lowell

A List of Brothers before the Opening of a Lodge in Marblehead
and Belonging to the Same Town.

  • Samuel Glover S: W:
  • Andrew Tucker J: W:
  • John Roades Secy.
  • Jonathan Glover Treasurer
  • Henery Saunders
  • Samuel Reed
  • John Glover
  • George Stacey
  • Edward Middlesex Walker.
  • Andrew Tuker Junr.
  • John Peirce
  • John Reed Junr.


A List of Brothers Admitted in the New Lodge at Marblehead
all belonging to Marblehead

  • John Cawley
  • Thomas Lewis
  • Edward Fitterplace
  • John Pulling
  • Thomas King
  • Thomas Dixey
  • Thomas Aden
  • Richard Harris
  • except Edward Draper Holford of St. Kitts.

The superscription on the above letter is as follows: John Leverett Mercht. in Boston.

Brother Tucker's house, mentioned in this letter as the place of the first meetings of the Lodge, stands on Rowland street, now long known as the house owned and occupied by Commodore Samuel Tucker, of Revolutionary fame.

You will notice also the names of Brig.-Gen. John Glover and Col. Jonathan Glover, both celebrated for the distinguished part they took in the War of the Revolution ; and among the others, men of financial standing and commercial enterprise. Until to-day I have not been able clearly to establish Dr. Lowell's identity. He was a practising physician, and it might be inferred from his letter that he had not been long settled in town. The Probate Records at Salem show that he died in Marblehead, and that Thomas Lewis, whose name appears in the foregoing list, was appointed administrator of his estate June 3, 1777. From the fact that this letter was found among the effects of the late Judge Lowell, of Boston, I infer that he was a member of that distinguished family.

There was little communication between the Marblehead Lodge and the Grand Lodge; but the Records of the Grand Lodge disclose that at a Quarterly Communication holden at Boston April 11, 1760, the Marblehead Lodge presented for charity, by Bro. Samuel Glover, S.W., and Bro. Andrew Tucker, J.W., £5 6s. 8d., and at the October Communication " For the Marblehead Lodge, Bro. Thomas Lewis presented 18 shillings." A minute is also to be found in these Records that the Lodge was represented at the meeting held July 10, 1761, and at two Communications in 1762. After this time the Lodge is not mentioned as being represented at the meetings of the Grand Lodge, but an entry is made at every Communication that the Marblehead Lodge is under its jurisdiction up to and including July 23, 1767. In the petition to the Grand Master of England, dated Jan. 25, 1768, praying for the appointment of a Grand Master of Masons in place of Jeremy Gridley, deceased, the Marblehead Lodge is mentioned as being in this government, constituted March 25, 1760.

Oct. 31, 1768, Rt. Wor. John Rowe, Esq., was elected Grand Master, and a circular letter was sent to all the Lodges inviting them to be present at the services of "installment."

LETTER TO JOHN LOWELL.

Dr John Lowell at Marblehead.

Boston, Octo. 31, 1768.

Sir: The Grand Lodge here having made choice of the Rt. Wor. John Rowe Esq; to be their Grand Master, in the room of the late Rt. Wor. Jeremy Gridley, Esq; deceased, and applied to the Grand Master of England for a Deputation, for the said Bro. Rowe, which deputation, being now arrived, they have appointed Wednesday the 23'1 day of November next for his Installment, and directed me to write to all the Lodges in New England to desire their attendance, with the Jewells and cloathing of their respective Lodges at said ceremony. Whereupon, in obedience to the command of the Grand Lodge, I do invite you, the Officers and Brethren of the Lodge in Marblehead, to attend the Time above mentioned.
,br> As I am uncertain who the present Master of the Lodge at Marblehead may be, do take the liberty to direct to you as you was the first Master of that Lodge. Praying you will communicate this letter to the present Master, Wardens and Brethren of said Lodge, forthwith, and should be glad of a line from the said Master to inform me, how many Brethren may probably attend heife, that provision may he made accordingly.

Your compliance will greatly oblige

Your affectionate Brother and
Humble Servant
ABm. Savage, Gd Secy.

N.B. No answer received to the Above.

Some time after John Rowe had been installed into office, Samuel Glover and others made an application for a charter, which you will find over the signature of the Grand Master on the old charter of our Lodge, but the Brethren not meeting once in twelve months it was forfeited. No further mention is made of the Lodge in the Grand Lodge Records, and there are no Records of the Lodge itself to tell the further story of its existence until 1778.

Up to this time the Lodge had worked under the commission to Dr. Lowell.

A charter bearing date Jan. 14, 1778, was now issued to John Roads, Richard Harris and others. This old document, of which the Lodge is justly proud, is still in its possession and is here to-day. It is a silent witness to the vicissitudes through which the Lodge has passed during the last one hundred and twenty-two years. Upon this instrument are borne the names of five Grand Masters, among others that of Paul Revere, who was probably well acquainted with some of the ardent patriots who were members of this Lodge.

In this charter Richard Harris was named as Master, and occupied that position for three years. He was well known in his day, and enjoyed the respect and confidence of his fellow-citizens. During the exciting days preceding the outbreak of hostilities in 1775, he was one of the committee to approve the men who first enlisted in defence of the town, and to pay them for their service. He was the first Collector of Customs of this district, and as a selectman signed the address of welcome to Washington, when he visited this town in 1789. Harris, I judge, was a man of most punctual and methodical habits; he was seldom absent from a meeting of the Lodge, and after his term as Master had expired was constantly serving on committees. His regular habits and devotion left their impress upon the Lodge; the work was good and many Masons were admitted.

It was not uncommon in those days to receive applications from surrounding towns, and even from other States, and in such cases, "it being an urgent necessity," the candidate was initiated on the night of his election. The order of business and power of the Master were much the same as to-day, showing that we have received, unimpaired, some of the valuable precedents of the Order. All business was done on the first degree, and it is strange to us in these days to read of a candidate just initiated taking part in the business of the Lodge and serving on important committees.

Many an incident attests the determination of the Brethren to preserve harmony in the Lodge. No breach of decorum, inattention to business or strained relations between Brothers were suffered to exist. The membership of the Lodge was composed of well-to-do merchants, sea-captains and men of influence in civil and military affairs. Any breach of the amenities which should exist between the Brethren was to them a blow at authority, and received immediate correction at the hands of the Master or the Lodge. I will give, in the words of the record itself, a few instances of the care with which our Brothers investigated breaches of behavior, and of the strict discipline which they meted out to the offender. On one occasion,

"A committee of five of the Brethren were made choice of to inquire into the character of Bro. J. P., Junior Warden, to see whether the various reports relative to his moral character are such as are commendable, and entitle him to the favor and esteem of his Brethren. The committee are Rt. Wor. Bro. Richard Harris, Bro. Edward Fettyplace, Bro. John Barnard Swett, Bro. Elisha Story and Bro. John Gerry, and make report to the Lodge next Lodge night."

"The committee made choice of last Lodge night to inquire into Bro. J. P.'s character reports that Bro. J. P., in consequence of the vote past last Lodge night respecting himself, has vacated his seat and office, and renounced the jurisdiction of this Lodge," which report was accepted.

"Voted, That a committee be chosen to draft a letter to be sent to the Rt. Wor. John Rowe, Esq., and the Rt. Wor. Joseph Webb, Esq., and all the Lodges in the vicinity, acquainting them of the conduct of J. P., formerly the Junior Warden of this Lodge, and that Brother Trevett, Brother Story and Bro. Samuel R. Gerry be that committee.

"Voted, That Bro. J. P. be expelled this Lodge during pleasure. Voted, That the Rt. Wor. Master Richard Harris sign the letter sent to the Rt. Wor. Master John Rowe, Esq., and to the Rt. Wor. Master Joseph Webb, Esq., and that the Secretary sign the letters sent to all the Lodges in the vicinity per order of the Lodge."

In {Mass.} Grand Lodge, "A letter from Richard Harris, Master of a Lodge at Marblehead, Representing the Mai Conduct of J. P. was read & referred to the Next Lodge Night."

Again, " In consequence of the misbehaviour of Bro. R. H. as steward, Voted unanimously that he be dismissed from the said office, and further voted that forasmuch as Bro. H. has behaved to the Lodge with great disrespect, and has beeu contrary to the duty of a good and faithful Brother that he be publickly reprimanded by the Master as having given a general displeasure."

But a more flagrant case occurred in the course of a few years, which was dealt with in a more summary manner. "Thro the course of the evening Brother I. J.'s conduct towards two of the Brethren was such that destroyed that harmony which should ever exist in a Lodge, when it was ' unanimously voted that the said I. J. hath incurred the just displeasure of this Lodge from his acting unworthy the character of a true Mason and gentleman, and that his name be erased from the By-Laws of this Lodge, considered no longer a member thereof."

An amusing case of disagreement between two Brothers occurred, which is told in the words of the record thus: "And a motion was made by Brother Reed and Brother Ryan that the unhappy dispute between them should be left to three members of the Lodge, and agreeable to their motion Brother Reed made choice of Brother Williams and Brother Ryan of Brother Roads, and the Lodge of Bro. John Gerry; and Brother Ryan wished damnation might seize his soul if he submitted to the report of the committee made choice of, if they allowed Brother Reed the commission on money. But at a special Lodge called on Bro. William Ryan's account, Brother Ryan appeared and acknowledged his fault, and asked the forgiveness of the whole Lodge for his former behavior, and it was voted that he should be received into favor." The Lodge met at first in the house of the Widow King, but having outgrown its accommodations, it made arrangements with Peter Jayne to occupy his assembly rooms, at the rent of sixteen cords of wood per annum. Peter Jayne was a schoolmaster and kept a celebrated school in the old colonial days. This house is on Mugford Street, next but one to Back Street.

In this house the Committee of Safety held its meetings in the exciting days just preceding the Revolution, and as the most prominent members of the committee were Masons, it is easily explained why this house was chosen for a Lodge-room. Here also the Tuesday Evening Club met, and here, in later years, was organized the Methodist church. In this historic spot the Lodge now began to hold its meetings, and it was indeed a notable company of men that gathered here: the gallant Gen. John Glover, Col. Wm. R. Lee, soldier, gentleman and merchant, the bluff and intrepid Capt. Saml. R. Trevett, the active and energetic Dr. Elisha Story, the dauntless hero Robert Wormstead, the learned and celebrated Judge Sewall, afterward chief justice of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts, the patriotic civilian Joshua Orne, and many merchants and sea-captains whose business took them into foreign waters. Indeed, this place would have become historic from the mere fact alone that this Lodge met there. The name of Wormstead deserves especial mention here, for the fearless spirit and the noble and generous heart which make that name illustrious. Robert Wormstead was born in Marblehead in 1755, and was lost at sea in 1782. In a short life of twenty-seven years he distinguished himself as one of the boldest and most adroit heroes of the time.

At an early age he evinced a strong desire to go to sea, and his father, being master of a vessel, took him on one voyage, thinking to cure him of his passion. On his return he was apprenticed to Thomas Grant and learned the trade of a silversmith. In June, 1780, just before the celebration of St. John's day, the Lodge voted "that Bro. Robt. Wormstead make the cross pens for the Secretary and a key for the Treasurer, and that he have an order on the Treasurer for four hard dollars to make the same." These jewels were in the possession of the Lodge until the great conflagration of December, 1888, which swept out of existence all the property of the Lodge, except the Bible presented to the Lodge in 1886 by members of the Grand Lodge, and the historic square and compasses which were taken from the cabin of the powder ship Hope, captured from the British by James Mugford in 1776. No amount of diversion, however, could smother young Wormstead's longing for the sea, and in a seaport town like Marblehead opportunities for satisfying his desire were always at hand.

As a master of fence Wormstead was invincible, and many thrilling stories are told of his encounters. "He is the only pupil I ever had," says his teacher, " with whom I was afraid to contend." At the North Bridge, in Salem, when Leslie's regiment was on its way to Danvers to capture the arms and ammunition concealed there by the patriots, he was attacked by a party of British soldiers, and, though armed with a walking-stick only, he quickly disarmed six of them and the rest took to disordered flight. In 1775, when the British frigate " Lively" lay in the harbor, a party of twelve or more of the sailors, armed with their short swords, were at the old tavern on Front street carousing and boasting about the prowess of the British sailors. One of them said that one British seaman was more than a match for a dozen Yankees. Wormstead was sitting quietly in a corner, but his blood was up in an instant, and seizing a stick he challenged the whole company to instant combat, and disarmed them all so quickly that they fled to the ship in precipitation. He was at the Battle of Bunker Hill with Capt. Saml. R. Trevett, as first sergeant, and received a wound in the shoulder.

But the prowess of this remarkable man was not confined to the land. The early love which he had imbibed for the sea now led him to go privateering, and his exploits would form a most romantic tale. In a trip to Bilboa be was captured, and with one man and a boy left on board the ship, while the others were transferred on board the captor. With the aid of the man and boy he retook the ship and carried her safely to Bilboa. On another occasion he was captured, and with the crew taken on board an English privateer sloop, where they were all handcuffed and thrown into the hold. Wormstead succeeded in freeing his hands, set all the rest at liberty, and, by a concerted movement, captured the sloop, bore down upon the British prize and retook her. This heroic exploit was long the subject of conversation and applause. By deeds like these he distinguished himself, and his example as a patriot and true-hearted Mason will be cherished for many years to come by all patriotic Americans.

A character of altogether a different kind also deserves mention here.

Samuel Sewall was born in Boston in 1757. He was educated at Dummer Academy and Harvard College, and studied law in the office of Chief Justice Dana. He began the practice of his profession in Marblehead, at a time when she was second to Boston alone in commercial importance and activity. He became an authority on commercial and probate law, and his judgment on these branches of the law was relied on by his associates on the bench.

His fellow-citizens honored him with several elections to the General Court of Massachusetts, and while there he distinguished himself for eloquence and convincing argument. He was opposed to innovations in the law, and succeeded in defeating a measure to make perjury in the case of a witness in capital cases punishable with death; and a measure which sought to overthrow the old common law system of special pleading.

In 1797 he was elected to Congress and became at once an influential and valuable member. His rare judgment and knowledge on commercial affairs gained for him the entire confidence of the House, and when he took part in debate "members of all descriptions listened with an expectation of being informed and an assurance that they should not be deceived."

While a member of Congress he was appointed to the bench of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, and for fourteen years held that honorable and responsible position, the last four as Chief Justice. In the formative period of our jurisprudence, Judge Sewall was peculiarly qualified to lend a guiding hand. His life and studies covered the final period of the provincial system as well as the beginning of the new, and much was done by him to adapt the law to the changed conditions of the country.

In private life and manners he was faultless; diffident and reserved in social life, with a deep sense of his responsibility in every station of life. His interest in and devotion to this Lodge was manifested in his frequent appointment on committees, in his service as an officer of the Lodge, and in the ready gift of his eloquence in the celebration of the Feasts of St. John. Whether serving as one of the committee to remove the Lodge to new quarters or as Senior Warden and orator, he was equally to be relied upon. His integrity, learning, sweet and companionable nature endeared him to all classes of his fellow-citizens.

At the election of officers in 1781, Richard Harris was reelected Master, but declined. Col. Win. R. Lee was then elected and declined. He was held by his Brethren in great respect. He twice declined to serve as Master of the Lodge, although he was often on important committees and held minor offices. Colonel Lee had distinguished himself in the war — he entered the service as captain, rose rapidly to the rank of colonel, and was held in such esteem by Washington that he offered him the position of adjutant-general.

On the declination of Colonel Lee, Capt. Saml. Russell Trevett was elected Master. Trevett was a Marbleheader of the old stock. There flowed in his veins a spirit trained through generations of ancestors to wrestle with severe fortune and stern discipline. He was by inheritance a resolute man. When, therefore, in compliance with the resolution of the Continental Congress to restrict commercial intercourse with the mother country, the town voted to appoint a committee to suppress the importation of British goods into the town, and fearless men were needed to enforce the vote, he was immediately recognized as one thoroughly qualified to serve on the committee.

He was one of that intrepid band of young men who in 1775 boarded a prize lying under the protection of the British frigate Lively, and carried away the arms which were on board. These arms were afterwards used in equipping the Marblehead regiment. He commanded a company at the battle of Bunker Hill, and distinguished himself by capturing two cannon, the only ordnance taken in that battle by the Americans. He was one of the incorporators of the Marblehead Academy and the second Collector of Customs of this district.

This bluff hero accepted the position of Master and held the office for a year. Not much was done in the way of work during his term, but the finances of the Lodge were closely scrutinized, and the By-Laws were revised, a piece of work which was always at hand when other business failed, and in which the Brethren took especial interest, if we may judge by the number of times it was done during these forty years. The usual charity was dispensed, funerals attended, and festivals celebrated ; and although there was no work whatever, it is noticeable that almost all the meetings were fully attended.

In 1782 Colonel Lee was elected Master, and again declined the honor. Elisha Story was elected and held the office until 1803.

This sturdy Revolutionary patriot was born in Boston Dec. 3, 1743, educated as a physician, and in 1770 removed to Marblehead to pursue the practice of his profession. He was distinguished for his intense loyalty to the patriot cause, was one of the Sons of Liberty, and in 1773 of the party who with fearless audacity boarded the ships in Boston harbor and poured the contents of three hundred and forty-two chests of tea into the water. He was surgeon in Colonel Little's regiment, and in this capacity engaged at the fight in Concord and Lexington, fighting on foot like the common soldier, until his services as surgeon were required by the wounded soldiers. At the battle of Bunker Hill he fought beside his friend Warren until that hero fell. He was a member of the Committee of Safety and of the Tuesday Evening Club in this town, in close touch with Paul Revere and other prominent Masons, members of the Sons of Liberty. This ardent patriot now became Master of the Lodge.

During the course of the following year a controversy arose with Brother Burdick — at whose house the Lodge was now holding its meetings — over the amount of rent which should be paid for the room. The difference of opinion was evidently hard to settle, and the controversy had become exciting as well as annoying, when a committee of five was appointed "to determine the rent of the present Lodge-room with Brother Burdick," and the following characteristic vote was passed: "Voted, If either of said committee neglect to attend for the above business when called on by the chairman shall pay three dollars as a fund for the Lodge, and if the above committee do not report next Lodge night, that each one of the committee shall pay six shillings as a fund for the Lodge." This vote had the effect of procuring a report of the committee as ordered, but the controversy was not settled. It was soon after voted to remove the jewels, furniture, etc., from Brother Burdick's to Bro. John Gerry's, there to remain until the Lodge shall meet again. The Lodge did not meet from February, 1784, until Dec. 27, 1784, when the members assembled to celebrate the festival of St. John the Evangelist, and at the close of the festivities they voted that the members present form a Lodge.

The affairs of the town were now in a precarious condition. The war had destroyed the foreign trade of the merchants of the town, and many of its inhabitants were suffering for lack of work. Vessels lay idle at the docks, and the coopers' shops, sail lofts and riggers' shops were, for the most part, practically closed. In consequence, very little work was done by the Lodge, and few members admitted. Regular meetings were held, however, until April, 1786; at this point the records stop, and do not open again until Feb. 1, 1797. "Whether the Lodge met during these years there is no evidence. They met at that date to attend the funeral of Gen. John Glover, whose name, you will remember, appears on the list of original members who constituted this Lodge.

Elisha Story is still Master, and holds the office until 1803. The work is good now, and the custom of doing the business of the Lodge on the first degree is discontinued.

The duty of the Lodge towards its deceased members was performed with the utmost delicacy and consideration. They did not attend the funeral of their Brothers as of right. Although the relations of Masons are peculiarly close, they recognized that the family relation was closer, and respected it. They never attended a funeral without first finding out whether it would be agreeable to the family of the deceased, and then everything was conducted with Masonic regularity and solemnity.

On one occasion it was "Voted, William R. Lee, Esq., Bro. Elisha Story and Bro. Joshua Orne, Jr., Esq., be a committee to wait on Mr. Jenkins (brother-in-law of a deceased member), and to inform him that a report made by Bro. Burdick last evening, with respect to the Lodge having a design to bury Bro. A. B., was premature and without proper foundation, and to consult with the widow of the deceased whether it was agreeable to her that the Lodge should attend the funeral of said deceased in procession." Said committee report: "They have waited on Mr. Jenkins and removed the impression made on his mind by said report, and that Mary, the widow of said deceased, refuses the interposition of any of her deceased husband's relatives, and earnestly desires he may be buried by and at the expense of his Brethren of this Lodge." It was immediately "Voted, That the Brother be buried by and at the expense of the Lodge," and a committee of three Brethren was appointed to make the necessary arrangements. The relations between Mary and her deceased husband's family were evidently strained, and she did not propose to be under any obligations to them. During these first years of the Lodge the Brethren never neglected this last tribute of respect to the memory of a deceased Brother; they attend the funeral in goodly numbers, and never forget the collection at their return to the Lodge for the beuefit of the widow and children of the deceased.

The charity of the Lodge was not always confined to its members. It was dispensed with a liberal hand to any Mason in distress or want. At a meeting held Oct. 14, 1778, a committee was appointed to wait upon the agents of the privateer Raven, then in the harbor, to parole Brother Laborn and Brother Hunter, and we find at the next meeting among those present both these Brothers recorded as visiting Brethren, and on the same night the Lodge made a present to Brother Hunter of £48 os., he being in distress. At the next meeting another visiting Brother, being in want, received£11 lis. At the celebration of St. John's day, June 24, 1779, the Brethren made a present to Bro. John Merret for the loss he has sustained, of 8378. Again the Brethren made "a getherin" for Bro. Alexander Ross, and made him a present of $336½, and $497 for Bro. Walter Perkins.

At the celebration of St. John the Baptist's day in 1780, Rev. Edw. Bass was invited to preach a sermon to the Brethren, and at the close of the celebration it was " voted that a collection be now made for the benefit of Brother Bass, and as a testimony of our affection for him," and the sum of Si,200 was accordingly collected.

On another occasion, after attending the funeral of a deceased Brother, the Lodge took up a collection of $1,320 for Bro. Thos. Bartlett, who was laboring under a prolonged and tedious fit of sickness, thereby brought to indigent circumstances. Not long after the Brethren assembled in special session to attend the funeral of Brother Bartlett. At three o'clock P.M. (so says the record) the Brethren walked in procession to the house of Mr. Wm. Boden, adjacent to the dwelling-house of the deceased, and after singing a penitential hymn (suitable to the occasion) they attended the funeral. At their return to the house of Brother Boden another hymn was sung; and also at their return to the Lodge, where a collection was made of 76 paper dollars of the new emission, 2 dollars, 3 pestereens, and 2 shillings in specie for the benefit of the widow of the said Bartlett. The whole was conducted with the utmost decency and decorum. The assistance of the Lodge was not always sought for objects of a purely charitable nature. In one case a petition from Wm. Doyle was presented for the assistance of the Lodge to enable him to settle in this town as a barber, and after consideration was "deferred" to a future meeting. The Brethren, I fancy, were not anxious for the Lodge to engage in commercial pursuits. After considering his case at two subsequent meetings, they appointed him inner tyler, and for his services to be exempt from the expenses of the Lodge. The charity of the Lodge was not dispensed indiscriminately. The Brethren took care to bestow their help on worthy persons and for worthy objects.

The Brethren rarely missed an opportunity of celebrating the Feast of the Saints John in June and December. Obedient to the injunction of their charter that they should "dine together on the festival of St. John the Baptist," as often as the day came round they assembled in goodly numbers to participate in the feast of good things and to mingle in Masonic fellowship. Preparations for the celebration were thorough and ample. Committees were appointed to secure an orator, to provide music both vocal and instrumental, to draw up a bill of fare, to obtain a place in which to dine, which was usually some Brother's house, and to put Masonic regalia in order. Provision was made for the ringing of the first and second bells, and the festival was advertised in some Boston or Salem newspaper. On the day appointed for the celebration the Brethren assembled at the Lodge-room, at the ringing of the church bell, and, after opening the Lodge, walked in procession to the meeting-house where the exercises were to be held. The oration finished, they sang the 133d and 134th Psalms, walked in procession to the Brother's house where the dinner was spread, and returned to the Lodge in the evening.

The records attest the ample provision made for these feasts on more than one occasion. After one of the festivals it is recorded that there were sold to John Gerry 3 dozens of bottles for £6; to Bro. Richard Harris 3 dozens for £2 11 s.; to Bro. Samuel R. Trevett 6 dozens for £4 4s.; and they were paid for on the spot. On another occasion it was voted "that the members present pay Bro. Burdick 3s. a head for dinner, 6d. for each bottle of wine more than the first cost, 2d. for a bowl of punch, and 1d. for a bowl of grogg." I trust no one will accuse our Brothers of an overindulgence in the seductive juices of the grape. While we cannot say that they did not carry their love for imbibing to excess, the sale of so many bottles after the Feast . certainly indicates that they did not go as far as they might. We will not say that a due restraint upon their appetites was not exercised, while the means of satisfying them yet remained so ample. And I am firmly of the persuasion that you will suspend your judgment and acknowledge their moderation, when you learn that the records of the celebration closed with these words: "This festival was celebrated with that concord, brotherly love and harmony that ought always to subsist amongst Brothers and Fellows."

There were other occasions, however, when the Brethren felt like celebrating in a more simple and private way. In 1780 it was "voted that as many of the Brethren as can conveniently attend, celebrate the Festival of St. John the Evangelist, the 27th, at the Lodge and that they have a cold collation in the evening of said day." This apparently was not altogether pleasing to some of the Brethren, for at the next meeting the vote to celebrate St. John's day on a cold collation was recalled, and it was voted that the Brethren dine at the Lodge on said day, and a committee was chosen to provide for the same. At this celebration Bro. Elisha Story gave a short charge to the Brethren present, for which he received the unanimous thanks of the Lodge. After dinner the stewards for the day made up their accounts, which amounted to eighty-five dollars for each Brother present, which was immediately discharged.

Again, it was voted to celebrate the Festival of St. John the Baptist in as private and economical a manner as possible. A subscription paper was passed around, a sufficient number of the Brethren pledged themselves to participate, and after meeting for work the Lodge was closed and the Brethren above mentioned proceeded to the house of Mr. Osgood, in Salem, where they spent the remainder of the day in " social hilarity and mutual enjoyment."

At the time Doctor Lowell received the commission to hold a Lodge in Marblehead there were but two other Lodges in this jurisdiction — St. John's, chartered by Henry Price in 1733, and St. Andrew's, chartered by the Grand Lodge of Scotland in 1756. In 1792 the two existing Grand Lodges united and formed the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, both Lodges retaining their charters as subordinate Lodges. This Lodge had always been known as the Lodge at Marblehead, or the Marblehead Lodge. Aside from an acknowledgment that it held its commission from and acted under the jurisdiction of the Provincial Grand Master for North America there was no close connection between the Lodge at Marblehead and the Grand Lodge. It was therefore voted, on the 26th May, 1797, "that there be a person to wait on the Grand Lodge to represent the situation of this Lodge, and the Right Worthy Brother Story was chosen the committee." Brother Story acted at once, as is shown by the following endorsement on the old charter:

In Grand Lodge, June 12, 1797.

The Brethren of the Lodge in Marblehead having sent the charter with a request that their Lodge may be received under the jurisdiction of the Massachusetts Grand Lodge, and that they would give it a name. Voted the name of the Lodge meeting in Marblehead from henceforth be called the Philanthropic Lodge, and that they hold their precedency in Grand Lodge, agreeable to the date of their charter.

Paul Revere, G. M.
A true copy of record.
Daniel Oliver, Grand Secretary.

Being now fully under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge, they received notice that the Grand Lodge intended to make them a visitation. The Lodge made suitable provision for the reception. A committee was appointed to provide a hot supper, and the Brethren «of the Masonic Fraternity in town not members were invited to join with the Lodge in paying their respect and duty to the Grand Lodge.

Among the officers of the Grand Lodge who were present on this occasion was Paul Revere, who, on account of his former intimacy with several members of the Lodge as a leading member of the Sons of Liberty, especially Elisha Story, must have been particularly welcome to the Brethren. • The Lodge was closed in Ample Form at nine o'clock, and soon after the meeting broke up with hearty congratulations on the success of the first visitation of the Grand Officers. The members of the Grand Lodge present on this occasion were:

  • M. Wpl. Josiah Bartlett, G. M.
  • Rt. Wpl. Saml. Dunn, D. G. M.
  • Rt. Wpl. Joseph Laughton, S. G. W.
  • Rt. Wpl. John Brazer, J.G.W.
  • Bro. John Boyle, G. Treas.
  • Bro. Oliver Holden, G. Sec'y.
  • Bro. Allen Crocker, S. G. D.
  • Bro. Samuel Swan, J. G. D.
  • Bro. John Ramond, S. G. S.
  • Bro. Paul Revere, J. G. S.
  • (Bro. John Wait officiated as Grand Steward.)

At the next meeting the Lodge appointed the Master and Wardens a committee to represent the Lodge at the next Quarterly Communication of the Grand Lodge.

One other event deserves mention and will bring to a fitting close the first forty years of Masonry in Marblehead.

On the first day of January, 1800, the Lodge held a meeting
for the purpose of adopting some method " to express our grief
 for the death of our illustrious and worthy Brother, General
 George Washington," and it was "voted that the Brethren
wear black crape edged with blue ribbon on the left arm for
thirty days, as a badge of mourning on this solemn and melan
choly occasion."

On the next day they joined a general procession and walked to the new meeting-house, where an elegant and well-adapted eulogy on the life and virtues of our illustrious and beloved Brother, Gen. George Washington, was pronounced by Mr. Joseph Story, the son of the Master of the Lodge. During these forty years Washington had been the central figure in civil and military life. The people of this town regarded him with deep affection and reverence, and the Brethren of this Lodge to-day have reason to revere his character and cherish his memory.

It was a member of this Lodge who, with the Marblehead regiment, met him at Cambridge, and stood close beside him through many a trying time, fraught with difficulty and danger. It was a member of this Lodge who first suggested to him the possibilities of fighting the enemy on the sea; and this suggestion, carried out by many an heroic citizen of this town and member of this Lodge, was the precursor, and indeed the beginning, of the American navy.

It was a member of this Lodge who. with his regiment of Marblehead fishermen, superintended the transportation of troops across the Delaware river on that dark and stormy night in December, 1776, and thus made possible the success at Trenton the next day. It was the same gallant member of this Lodge who, at the evacuation of New York city, and during the subsequent attacks of the enemy, rendered such efficient and courageous service, where many another proved recreant, that he gained the encomiums of the Commander-in-Chief, and from this time until their deaths there existed between them a warm and sincere friendship.

It was a member of this Lodge who, at Bunker Hill, captured from the British the only cannon taken on that memorable day. It was a member of this Lodge who took command at the camp in Cambridge, when disorder was running riot, yet behaved with such humane and thoughtful consideration towards Burgoyne and the other prisoners of war confined there that he won the unqualified praise of his distinguished prisoner. It was he, too, to whom Washington offered the position of adjutant-general of the American army.

Such heroes are only bred in heroic times. When you look back upon events established by generations gone before, it is easy to persuade yourself that, like your ancestors, you would have thrown the weight of your influence in favor of those events, that you would have taken the same measures which they took and avoided the pitfalls which they avoided. The problem is quite a different one when you stand face to face with impending difficulties and are forced to change the established order of things. Revolutions are not always settled upon the best and surest foundations. In all crises it requires men of steady nerve, ripe judgment, strong convictions, men trained under the stress of circumstances, which bring out and develop all the powers and faculties of the mind, to find the light path, and to avoid being led into doubtful and dangerous courses.

Such were the men developed during these forty years, and this old Lodge never bad a more distinguished membership than then. Brethren, this is your heritage. Surely it is well for us to remember these things to-day.

HISTORICAL ARTICLE, MAY 1906

From New England Craftsman, Vol. I, No. 8, May 1906, Page 265:

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Stephen P. Hathaway; Benjamin Cole, Jr.
Secretary of Philanthropic Lodge, 40 Years; Treasurer

WilliamDTTrefry1906.jpg HPGardner.jpg
William D. T. Trefry; H. P. Gardner
Past Master and Historian; Worshipful Master

Philanthropic Lodge of Marblehead, Mass. is the third oldest lodge under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, dating from March 25, 1760. Its interesting history has been told by two of its members on occasions of public importance, first by Bro. Stephen P. Hathaway, Secretary of the lodge, in an address delivered at the observance of the one hundred and twenty-fifth anniversary of the lodge, again by Wor. Brother William D. T. Trefry, March 27, 1900, at the one hundred and fortieth anniversary, when the new hall of the lodge was dedicated.

These two addresses, both of which are full of interesting facts relating to the early days of the old lodge, furnish the material for the following article. The circumstances attending the formation of the lodge are unknown beyond the fact that the commission to open the lodge was granted to Dr. John Lowell, and bears the date of March 25, 1760. A few years ago the Grand Lodge received from a descendant of Dr. Lowell a letter written by Dr. Lowell, April 10, 1760, to John Leverett, Grand Secretary, which throws light on the proceedings and discloses the names of the men who were associated with Dr. Lowell in the organization of the Lodge.

LETTER OF DR. JOHN LOWELL.

Marblehead April 10. 5760.

To the Right Worshipfull Brother
John Leverett, Grand Secretary.

Right Worshipful Brother, I Rec'd the Commission you sent me from the Right Worshipfull Grand Master bearing Date the 25th Ult°. to Act as Master of a Lodge in Marblehead. When I have a Convenient Oppertunity in person I shall Endeavour to Acknowlege the favour in a proper manner to him & the Rest of the Right Worshipfull Officers. I Likewise have Received your Letter of the 2d. Inst: Inviting me & my Wardens by Order of the Right Worshipfull Grand Master to the Grand Lodge or Quarterly Communication. I Am Sorry I cant do myself that Pleasure, My Wife Expecting to Lay in with a Child this month & the Time is so Uncertain that I cant possibly be from home, But our Brothers Glover and Tucker whom I have Appointed my Wardens (Pro Tempore) will wait upon you. Inclosed I have sent you the Names of those whom I found to be Brethren in the Town and whom I have made at two meetings 6ince I opened the Lodge. I have thought fit at present to hold our Lodge in a Chamber of our Brother Tukers House which is at the Entrance of the Town the Largest and Best Situated upon all Accounts we have among us. The Night of our Meeting is the first Thursday in every Month. Our Last Meeting Consisted of Twenty in Number when I mentioned to them the Charity for our poor Brethren. As We have Been at Considerable Expcnce for Things Necessary to furnish our Lodge Genteelly it has taken up all the Money in our Box which we have got by Admitting New Brethren and more, so that we could not send you so much as perhaps this Necessitous time requires, our Lodge being Young & Few. But as a Number of our Brethren have we Collected among us Forty pounds Old Tenor which my Wardens will deliver you & hope the Sum tho' Small will be acceptable.
I am Right Worshipfull
Your Humble Servant & Brother
Jn". Lowell
Then follows the names of twenty-one brethren.

Dr. Lowell is first mentioned in the records of St. John's Grand Lodge Jan. 31, 1757, when he was present with five other gentlemen "who came to town from Marblehead with Bro. Lowell on purpose to be made a Mason." Four of those mentioned were probably on the staff of the Earl of Loudoun, they were made Masons so they might attend the Feast of St. John the Evangelist which had been postponed more than a month in anticipation of the arrival of the Earl, who was Commander-in-Chief of his Majesty's forces in America and Past Grand Master of Masons in England. There is no record of the proceedings of the Marblehead Lodge from 1760 to 1768, but the Records of the Grand Lodge show that the Lodge was represented in April and October 1760, in July 1761 and at two Communications in 1762. After this time the Lodge was not represented in Grand Lodge, but several references made to the lodge show that it was considered under the government of the Grand Lodge as late as Jan. 25, 1768. No further record is made of the Lodge in the Records of the Grand Lodge and no record of the Lodge is known until 1778. Sometime previous to the latter date Samuel Glover made application for a charter; but after receiving it, the Brethren not meeting once in twelve months, it was forfeited.

In 1778 the charter was again granted by Provincial Grand Master John Rowe to Brother Richard Harris and others. They assembled on the fifteenth day of January, at the house of the widow King, and formed a regular Lodge.

It was in the midst of those times when the clouds hung blackest over our land, when the wise and the true took council together, when the fields of Lexington and Bunker Hill had been crimsoned by the blood of their Brethren,— that this Lodge for the third time received its charter. Then many of its Brethren no doubt had joined that regiment of one thousand, from this place, who had guided Washington and his army in their retreat from Long Island, and over the cold waters of the Delaware. For a time the Lodge appears to have gained in numbers, and to have prospered. Persons were initiated from Maine, Connecticut and different parts of our own Colony, and we presume the Lodge to have been very proficient in the work.

Let us imagine the first night the Brethren met under the returned charter. One has been stationed in the entry as Tiler; another remains in the small room to arrange the pipes, tobacco and punches. By the aid of tallow candles, the Brothers have laid their loose plaid cloaks on the chairs, and piled their cocked or beaver hats in the corner. A small sheet-iron stove heated by pine knots makes it very comfortable. But let us enter. This is Masons' Hall,— the floor sanded, the windows darkened by thick curtains; but the light is an improvement on the outer room, for here are wax candles in large and elaborately wrought brass candle sticks, with snuffers ready for use. Then look at the immense fireplace, with lls huge logs crackling and spitting, while they send out a genial heat. The fender and brass audirons, shovel and tongs, are indeed a curious sight. But notice around the fireplace the different pictures on marble, of scenes from Scripture.

Above it is a mirror brought from Bilboa, a return for some fishing adventure. A few Dutch prints hang upon the walls, whose frames seem to be mellowed by age. The settees are straight-backed and unpainted. The leather-seated chairs are curiously carved. There too, as in all times, are the altar with the Holy Bible, square and compasses, and the three burning tapers. In the East sits Master Richard Harris, dressed in short clothes, with large silver buckles at the knees, and also on his shoes. His ample vest is covered by a velvet coat, of the fashion of those days ; on his head is a cocked hat, from under which his cue comes down ; and we should judge, from the appearance of his coat-collar, that his hair was powdered. Slowly he rises from his seat, and taking in his hand that charter which is now the choice treasure of the Lodge, says, "Brethren, I have gathered you together this evening to form a Lodge. But, first, as no man should engage in any great or important undertaking without first invoking the blessing of Deity, let us unite in prayer." The prayer finished, he proceeds: "By virtue of the authority vested in me, I appoint Brother Fettyplace, Senior, Brother Roads, Junior Warden." No further business, the Lodge closed; and drawing round the fireplace, with their pipes and punches, they talk in serious tones of the events that are happening around them. The office of Master was filled by Brother Harris, from 1778 to 1781; Samuel R. Trentt, 1781 to 1782 ; Elisha Story, 1782 to 1786; then for ten years no record appears. They meet on the evening of April 20, 1786, choose officers, make rules and close. They meet again in 1797 to attend the funeral of a Brother The work appears to have fallen off from 1783, so much so that they sometimes meet, but not in numbers sufficient to open a Lodge. Feb. 14, 1797, Elisha Story is again chosen Master, and holds office by re-election, or because of no election, till 1803.

June 12, 1797, the Lodge came under the jurisdiction of the United Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, and received the name Philanthropic, which it now bears. In February, 1780, the Lodge voted that the hall they then occupied was not convenient. Brother Peter Jarys therefore let them his assembly rooms as a Lodge-room, receiving as rent sixteen cords of wood per year. They occupied these rooms from February to October, and then moved to the house of Brother Burdeck. After a little time there was some trouble in regard to rent with Brother Burdeck, and a committee of fiVe was appointed to confer with bin. It was voted, that, if either of the brothers did not attend to that duty they should be fined three dollars as a fund for the Lodge; and, further, if that committee did not report on the next Lodge night, each one of the committee should pay six shillings. They were prompt in their report at that time. these early records we read that one night the stewards were ordered to furnish rum, pipes and tobacco for the next meeting, which was done, and the bill promptly paid. After their funds had increased somewhat, they bought their liquor by the barrel, their sugar by the loaf, and on Lodge night the Tiler furnished the water; and it is said that it was not very hard work he had to perform in that line. In those days they made Masonry a secret, and threw as much mystery as possible around it. None but the members were supposed to know of the meetings; and the uninitiated could only surmise that one was to be held, by seeing the Tiler, about four o'clock in the afternoon, bearing a pail of water to the Lodge room, and, the next morning about sunrise, seeing some of the Brethren returning to their homes.

St. John's Day, 1783, was celebrated in what I suppose they would term ample form. The secretary has entered upon thr records even the price to be paid per head, three shillings for the dinner, six pence for a bottle of wine, more than the first cost, two pence for a bowl of punch, one penny for a bowl of grog. Not very temperate, you will say. Brethren, do not bring that age to our bar for judgment. If the wine banished from our boards, does the charity and brotherly love that existed then remain as strong as in those times? If due restraint was not placed upon their appetites, it was upon their passion; for words spoken in temper in a Lodge-room were sufficient cause for expulsion. The Lodge met in those days once in two weeks, or oftener if work required it. They adopted rules, which were suspended by a majority vote of the members present. For an example: On one night a person applied for initiation; he was balloted for and negatived. Twice the same thing occurred. The application was laid on the table till the next meeting, again balloted on, again a black ball. The Lodge then appointed a committee to see what should be done. They report: "Suspend the ninth rule, and admit him." He was accordingly admitted, and later on the same evening the ninth rule was resumed. Let me state from the records another little incident: Two Brothers have a disagreement. After some talk it is agreed by both that the matter be referred to two other Brothers: but one of the disputants makes this reservation, "I will leave it to be decided by the brothers agreed on; but may damnation seize my soul if I abide by the award, unless it be in my favor."

On the first day of January, 1800, the Lodge met, and resolved "that the Brethren wear black crape with blue ribbon on the left arm for thirty days, as a badge of mourning for the decease of our illustrious Brother George Washington.

At one of the festivals a committee is appointed to invite "the gentlemen musicians from Salem to be present with their instruments, and lead the procession," which they did. They met at the ringing of the first bell; and at the ringing of the second they marched to Parson Story's meeting-house, where they sang the One Hundred and Thirty-fifth and One Hundred and Thirty-fourth Psalms, and listened to an oration. They afterwards marched in the same order and decorum to the Lodge-room, and partook of refreshment; and at seven o'clock each went to his own home,—so says the Secretary.

On one occasion a collection was taken to pay the orator, and twelve hundred dollars was gathered. It appears a large amount till you understand that one hard silver dollar was worth one hundred of paper.

Dec. 17, 1780, they had a cold collation. After dinner the stewards made up the accounts, which amounted to eighty five dollars for each member present, which was immediately paid. Jan. 5, 1783, it was so cold that the Lodge could not work, and was compelled to close. June, 1784, the Lodge voted to remove to the widow Payne's house, for which they paid four pounds per year rent. This house was afterwards purchased and occupied by David Blaney, and it is in possession of the family at the present time.

June 23, 1S12, the Lodge voted to return the charter. War was now raging, and its fiercest conflicts were upon the ocean. All the able-bodied members were serving their country on the decks of battle-ships or privateers ; and at the close of the war, had the roll of the old Lodge been called, the greater number of responses would have come from Dartmoor or the prison hulks of England. From 1812 to 1821, Masonry remained silent in town. From April, 1821, the same old charter for the fourth time was returned, and Brother John Bartlett was elected Master. He was a very zealous Mason, and at one time served as Deputy of this District. June 24, 1822, the new hall was dedicated. Brother Thaddeus M. Harris, of Dorchester, delivered an oration, and a dinner was prepared at the fort.

Brother John Bartlett remained as Master till 1825; then Brother R. W. French one year; then Brother Creasey for two years; then Brother Trefry one year ; then Brother Traill. Under these Masters the Lodge increased in numbers and prospered, till the dark days of Masonry came on. In that wild tempest of fanaticism, like many of the Lodges in the vicinity, it surrendered its charter.

In March, 1841, for the fifth time the charter was again called back and Brother John Bartlett again elected Master. He held office till December of the same year, when Brother Trefry was elected; who held office till 1846, when Brother David Blaney was publicly installed as Master. He held the office till 1858, twelve consecutive years, the longest term ever held by a Master; and when his successor was elected Brother Blaney was the only Past Master living. He was one of the best and truest of Masons, and the work of the Lodge at that time was so good that they often went by invitation to neighboring places to exemplify it. He died in 1879. In 1858 Brother H. H. F. Whittemore was elected, and held the office till 1862.

In 1860 the Lodge celebrated its one hundredth anniversary, and we note two remarkable coincidence The birthday of the Lodge was darkened by the gathering clouds of the Revolution, its one hundredth anniversary by the still blacker and nearer clouds of the rebellion, a doctor was Master on its first birth day, a doctor was Master on the one hundredth anniversary. At that time there were sixty-two members, and every one not absent from town was present.

May 4, 1880, the old charter, with its signatures of names famed in Masonry, among them Paul Revere, whose deeds wrought into verse have made that name immortal, was returned for the sixth time to the Lodge. The square and compasses taken from the powder-ship captured by Mugford were again placed upon the altar. The sword first drawn in defence of the Union was placed in the Tiler's hands, and the Grand Lodge was present and installed the officers.

Of the celebrated characters who took part in the important events leading up to American Independence, Marblehead furnished her full share. "It is no exaggeration
to say that, in proportion to her size, no place furnished more men, or gave greater evidence of her patriotic devotion to the cause of liberty . . . the men who formed and sustained this Lodge for the first forty years of its existence were among the foremost heroes of the Revolutionary period."

It was a member of this Lodge who, with the Marblehead regiment, met him (Washington) at Cambridge, and stood close beside him through many a trying time, fraught with difficulty and danger. It was a member of this Lodge who first suggested to him the possibilities of fighting the enemy on the sea; and lhis suggestion, carried out by many ai1 heroic citizen of this town and Member of this Lodge, was the precursor, and indeed the beginning, of the American navy.

It was a member of this Lodge who, with his regiment of Marblehead fishermen, superintended the transportation of troops across the Delaware River on that dark and stormy night in December, 1776, and thus made possible the success at Trenton the next day. It was the same gallant member of this Lodge who, at the evacuation of New York city, and during the subsequent attacks of the enemy, rendered such efficient and courageous service, where many another proved recreant, that he gained the encomiums of the Commander in-Chief and from this time until their deaths there existed between them a warm and sincere friendship.

It was a member of this Lodge who, at Bunker Hill, captured from the British the only cannon taken on that memorable day. It was a member of this Lodge who took command at the camp in Cambridge, when disorder was running riot, yet behaved with such humane and thoughtful consideration towards Burgoyne and other prisoners of war confined there that he won the unqualified praise of his distinguished prisoner. It was he, too, to whom Washington offered the position of adjutant-general of the American army.

Such were the men developed during these (first) forty years, and this old Lodge never had a more distinguished membership than then. Brethren, this is your heritage. Surely it is well for us to remember these things to-day.

150TH ANNIVERSARY HISTORY, MARCH 1910

From New England Craftsman, Vol. V, No. 7, April 1910, Page 221:

150th Anniversary of Philanthropic Lodge
Marblehead, Massachusetts

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Clinton A. Ferguson; Stephen P. Hathaway
Worshipful Master; Secretary 50 Years

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Benjamin Cole, Jr.; William D. T. Trefry
Treasurer; Past Master and Historian

An event of more than common interest to the Masonic fraternity of Massachusetts and of especial importance to the brethren of Marblehead, Mass.. was the celebration nf the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the founding of Philanthropic Lodge during the last month.

Philanthropic Lodge dates from March 25, 1760. Scarcely any reference is made to its beginning in the records of the Grand Lodge but other sources of information give some particulars of its origin.

Only two other lodges in Massachusetts are older. Its long career and interesting history fully warranted the generous preparation made by the brethren of the lodge for the celebration of the sesquicentennial of its birth.

In recognition of an over-ruling providence that has guarded and continued the lodge through the changing scenes of a century and half the anniversary exercises began with a religious service in the First Congregational Church on Sunday, March 20th. Most Worshipful Grand Master Dana J. Flanders and officers of the Grand Lodge were invited to join in the service as were the members of all of the lodges of the 8th Masonic District in which Philanthropic lodge is situated, Grand Master Flanders was accompanied by the following brethren: Clarence A. Brodeur, Senior Grand Warden; Walter F. Medding, Junior Grand Warden; Thomas W. Davis, Recording Grand Secretary; Past Grand Masters, Edwin B. Holmes and J. Albert Blake; past Deputy Grand Masters, Charles M. Green, Everett C. Benton, William H. L. Odell and William D. T. Trefry; past Grand Wardens, William H. H. Soule, Henry J. Mills, William M. Belcher, Oliver A. Roberts and Allen T. Treadway; District Deputy Grand Masters, Edward N. West, Frank T. Barron, William F. Schallenbach, George C. Flett, R. Walter Hillard, Benjamin J. Hinds and Arthur W. Beckford; past District Deputy Grand Masters Warren B. Ellis, Samuel Hauser and Henry M,
Nourse; Grand Chaplains, Rev. Edward A. Horton and G. L. Cady, D. D.; Grand Marshal Harry P. Ballard; Herbert F. Morse, Senior Grand Deacon; George H. Graves, as Junior Grand Deacon; Walter H. Smith, Roscoe E. Learned, Olin D. Dickerman, Grand Stewards; Frank O. Locke, Grand Sword Bearer; Robert W. Oliver, Grand Standard Bearer; William J. Hobbs, Auditor and George W. Chester, Grand Tyler.

On arriving at Marhlehead the Grand Lodge was formally opened in one of the apartments of the Masonic building. Grand Master Flanders and his suite were then escorted to the hall occupied by Philanthropic lodge and were received by Worshipful Master Clinton A. Ferguson. A procession of the brethren was formed and marched to the First Congregational Church, where the devotional exercises were held. The church with the exception of that portion reserved for the Masons was entirely filled when the procession arrived. The platform and desk were attractively decorated with flowers and plants. The master of Philanthropic Lodge, the Grand Master and other brethren who took prominent parts in the exercises were seated on the platform. The exercises began at 3:15 P. M. and included remarks by Worshipful Master Ferguson, an invocation, reading of scripture, sermon by Rev. Brother George Luther Cady, D. D., organ prelude, vocal numbers by the Weber Sextet, which is composed of a lady soprano and contralto and the well known Weber Quartet, the members of which are brothers A. C. Prescott, A. F. Cole, G. H. Woods and W. E. Davison. An anniversary hymn of high merit, written for the occasion by Mrs. Edward C. Brown was sung by the audience.

The sermon of Rev. Brother Cady attracted the close attention of the large audience. His subject was the "Power of Personality." He said in part: It is truly a wonderful record which these one hundred and fifty years have piled for our rejoicing this day but we must not be content in merely rejoicing over that past until we have learned what has made it possible and in learning it shall learn how to make the future still better. Is it not possible that our very organization shall have obscured our real source of power and that we shall have mistaken the organization for an end while it can never be more than a means and that behind it lies a power without which we could never have come to be as a people what we arc nor can we ever hope to achieve in the future?

We are in an age of organizations and combinations . . . the history oi progress is the history of the individual and the history of the achievements of an organization is the hist ry of the great leaders it has had.

The need of the hour is for the man who will not erase the price mark of his individuality nor sink his personal value in any majority. All our organizations, business or fraternal would crumble before tomorrow's sun were it not for the power of personality. The biggest thing in man is character – Character is what we are —character, the choicest of all capitals, is within the reach of every one. — Character is power. — There lies the power in any organization — in the character of its individuals. Nothing but the personal integrity, the personal value of the individuals who compose our membership can ever give us power or strength.

If 1 could call the roll of the Masters in the past one hundred and fifty years, you would see that these men came to their commanding positions because of their personal worth and that whenever you have made great strides in upbuilding it has been when your leaders were your best advertisements — Before you. now stretch the years unchartered and unknown. — He who has guided you through the years that are past knows how to lead you in the years to come.

The second event in the anniversary exercises of Philanthropic lodge gave opportunity for expression of the social side of Masonic character. The occasion was a grand banquet in Ab-bott hall where more than five hundred persons. Masons and their women friends, were gathered. The banquet was at 5:30 o'clock and followed a session of the lodge which was opened at 3:30 o'clock-. Most Worshipful Grand Master Flanders with officers and members of the Grand Lodge were present.

Abbott hall was handsomely decorated for the occasion. Rows of colored electric lights stretched from, point to point united with hangings of blue and white drapery produced a most pleasing effect. The platform was made attractive with potted plants while above was the seal of the lodge and in blue lights the significant dates 1760 and 1910. On both sides of the hall was a large square and compass in colored lights. Scattered along the tables were pinks and ferns. The scene was brilliant and entrancing. The handsome women with their beautiful evening costumes contributing no small part to the attractiveness of the occasion.

Worshipful Master Ferguson with Grand Master Flanders, and other brethren, who later addressed the company, with their ladies occupied the tables on the platform. The banquet, which was provided by Bro. Schleuber of Lynn, was excellent and admirably served.

Worshipful Master Ferguson extended greetings to the brethren, thanking them for their presence and for all the assistance that had been rendered in carrying out the celebration. He said he was proud of being the master of a lodge whose history reached back to the important events of the early days of our country. He introduced as the first speaker Grand Master Flanders who said that it was a pleasure to him to be present and he hoped it might be to others. He congratulated the lodge on its standing and wished it prosperity. He spoke some words especially to the ladies urging their assistance in promoting an interest in the New Masonic Home at Charlton, Other speakers were Past Grand Master J. Albert Blake who was cordially welcomed as the founder of the Masonic Home. Past Grand Master Charles T. Gallagher spoke eloquently of the part some of the members of the lodge had taken in the patriotic events of the early days of our National History. Past Grand Master Edwin B. Holmes spoke of the worthies of the past, in particular of John Pulling who hung the lanterns in the old North Church as a signal to Paul Revere. He expressed warmest wishes for Philanthropic lodge. Brother Samuel Cox, 90 years old and the oldest member of the lodge, sixty years having passed since he became a member, gave some reminiscences of the past and was warmly applauded. Grand Secretary Thomas W. Davis pleasantly referred to Wor. Brother Holmes' statement that John Pulling hung the lanterns in the old North Church and said: that at a recent visit to the old burial ground at the North End the grave of Robert Newman had been mentioned as that of the man who hung the lanterns. When informed that the credit of hanging the lanterns belonged to John Pulling the guide was nonplussed for a time but at last remarked, "Well, we've got them both here." The Speaker strongly advocated the importance of working for the Masonic Home. Senior Grand Warden Clarence A. Brodeur and Grand Chaplain R. Perry Bush, D. D., made scholarly addresses in harmony with the spirit of the occasion, the first alluding particularly to the loyalty of the Masons of the past and the other to Freemasonry as the handmaiden of the church. He hoped that the blessing of God would be upon the lodge. Deputy Grand Master William H. Rider, D. D., said the warmth of his welcome sounded like the sea and reminded him of his old home on the tip of Cape Cod. lie spoke of the influence of Masonry in forming characters and said. Masonry makes men better. He closed with words of encouragement for the new Masonic Home and good wishes for Phlianthropic Lodge.

The speaking was followed by an entertainment and dancing. The executive committee consisted of Worshipful Master Ferguson, Past Masters Benjamin Cole, Jr., Charles Goodwin, William D. T. Trefry, Emery Brown, Horace B. Gardner. George P. Graves and Edward G. Brown with Bros. Harry G. Trefry, Thomas T. Lyon, Stephen P. Hathaway and J. Edger Parker.

The early history of Philanthropic lodge has been told by two of the members previous to this last celebrations, first by Bro. Stephen P. Hathaway, the venerable secretary of the lodge, on the occasion of the one hundred and twenty-fifth anniversary of the lodge, again by the distinguished historian of the present celebration, Rt. Wor. Brother William D. T. Trefry, who delivered the historical address at the celebration of the one hundred and fortieth anniversary. March 27, 1900. These two addresses, both of which are able and interesting, furnish many facts connected with the history of the first forty years of the lodge's career, the story from that date to the present time was recited by Rt. Wor. Bro. Trefry at the special communication of the lodge March 25th which was the exact dale of the completion of one hundred and fifty years from the birth of the lodge. Making use of the research of the two brethren mentioned we find that little was known of the formation of the lodge beyond the fact that the commission to open the lodge was granted to Dr. John Lowell, and bears the date of March 25, 1760. A few years ago the Grand Lodge received from a descendant of Dr. Lowell a letter written bv Dr. Lowell, April 10, 1769, to John Leverett, Grand Secretary which throws light on the proceedings and d'scloses the names of the men who were associated with Dr, Lowell in the organiza-tii m i if the Lodge.

LETTER OF DR. JOHN LOWELL.

Marblehead, April 10, 1760.

Right Worshipful Brother, T Rec'd the Commission you sent me from the Right Worshipful Grand Master bearing Date, the 25th Ulto, to Act as Master of a Lodge in Marblehead. When I have a Convenient Opportunity in person I shall Endeavour to Acknowledge the favour in a proper manner to him & the Rest of the Right Worshipful Officers. I Likewise have Received your Letter of the 2d. Inst: Inviting me & my Wardens by Order of the Right Worshipful Grand Master to the Grand Lodge or Quarterly Communication. I Am Sorry I cant do myself that Pleasure, My Wife Expecting to Lay in With a Child this month & the Time is so Uncertain that I cant possibly be from home, But our Brothers Glover and Tucker whom I have \ppointed my Wardens t Pro Tempore) will wait upon you. Inclosed I have sent you the Names of those whom I found to be Brethren in the Town and whom I have (toadc at two meetings since I opened the [Lodge. I have thought lit at present to hold our Lodge in a Chamber of our Brother Tuckers House which is at the Entrance of the Town the Largest and Best Situated upon all Accounts we have among us.

The Night of our Meeting is the first Thursday in every Month. Our Last Meeting Consisted of Twenty in Number when I mentioned to them the Charity for our poor Brethren. As We have Been at Considerable Expence for Things Necessary to furnish our Lodge Genteely it has taken Up all the Money in our Box which we have got by Admitting New Brethren and more, so that we could not send you so much as perhaps this Necessitous time requires, our Lodge being Young & Few. But as a Number of our Brethren have suffered by Fire we Collected among us Forty pounds Old Tenor which my Wardens will deliver you & hope the Sum tho' Small will he acceptable. I am Right Worshipfull

Your Humble Servant & Brother
Jno. Lowell.

Then follows the names of twenty-one brethren.

Dr. Lowell is first mentioned in the records of St. John's Grand Lodge Jan. 31, 1757, when he was present with five other gentlemen "who came to town from Marblehead with Bro. Lowell on purpose to be made a Mason." Fonr of those mentioned were probably, on the staff of the Earl of Loudoun, they were made Masons so they might attend the Feast of St. John the Evangelist which had been postponed more than a month in anticipation of the arrival of the Earl, who was Commander-in-chief of his Majesty's forces in America and Past Grand Master of Masons in England. There is no record nf the proceedings of the Marblehead Lodge from 1760 to 1768, but the Records of the Grand Lodge show that the Lodge was represented in April and October, 1760, in July, 1761 and at two Communications in 1762. After this time the Lodge was not represented in Grand Lodge but several references made to the lodge show that it was considered as under the government of the Grand Lodge as late as Jan. 25, 1768. No further record is made of the bulge in the records of the Grand Lodge and no record of the lodge is known until 1778. Sometime previous to the latter date Samuel Glover made application for a charter; but after receiving it, the Brethren not meeting once in twelve months, it was forfeited.

In 1778 the charter was again granted by Provincial Grand Master John Rowe to Brother Richard Harris and others. They assembled on the fifteenth day of January, at the house of the widow King, and formed a regular lodge.

It was in the midst of those times when the clouds hung blackest over our land, when the wise and the true took council together, when the fair fields of Lexington and Bunker Hill had been crimsoned by the blood of their Brethren, — that this Lodge for the third time received its charter. Then many of its Brethren no doubt had joined that regiment of one thousand, from this place, who had guided Washington and his army in their retreat from Long Island, and over the cold waters of the Delaware. For a time the Lodge appears to have gained in numbers, and to have prospered. Persons were initiated from Maine, Connecticut and different parts of our own Colony, and we presume the Lodge to have been very proficient in the work.

The office of Master was filled by Brother Harris, from 1778 to 1781; Samuel R. Trevett, 1781 to 1782; Elisha Story, 1783 to 1786; then for ten years no record appears.

June 12, 1797, the Lodge came under the jurisdiction of the United Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, and received the name Philanthropic which it now bears. In February, 1780, the Lodge voted that the hall they then occupied was not convenient. Brother Peter Jayne therefore let them his assembly rooms as a lodge-room, receiving as rent sixteen cords of wood per year. They occupied these rooms from February to October, and then moved to the house of Brother Burdeck. After a little time there was some trouble in regard to rent with Brother Burdeck, and a committee of five was appointed to confer with him. It was voted, that, if either of the Brothers did not attend to that duty, they should be fined three dollars as a fund for the Lodge; and further, if that committee did not report on the next Lodge night, each one of the committee should pay six shillings. They were prompt in their report at thai time. In these early records we read that one night the stewards were ordered to furnish rum, pipes and tobacco for the next meeting, which was done, and the bill promptly paid. After their funds had increased somewhat, they bought their liquor by the barrel, their sugar by the loaf, and on Lodge night the Tiler furnished the water; and it is said that it was not very hard work he had to perform in that line. In those days they made Masonry a secret, and threw as much mystery as possible around it. None but the members were supposed to know of the meetings. The Lodge met in those days once in two weeks, or oftener if work required it. They adopted rules, which were suspended by a majority vote of the members present. For an example: On one night a person applied for initiation; he was balloted for and negatived. Twice the same thing occurred. The application was laid on the table till the next meeting, again balloted on, again a black ball. The Lodge then appointed a committee to see what should he done. They report: "Suspend the ninth rule, and admit him." He was accordingly admitted, and later on the same evening the ninth rule was resumed. Let me state from the records another little incident: Two Brothers have a disagreement. After some talk it is agreed by both that the matter be referred to two other Brothers; but one of the disputants makes this reservation, "I will leave it to be decided by the Brothers agreed on; but may damnation seize my soul if 1 abide by the award, unless it be in my favor."

On the first day of January. 1800, the Lodge met, and resolved "that the Brethren wear black crape with blue ribbon on the left arm for thirty days, as a badge of mourning for the decease of our illustrious Brother George Washington."

On one occasion a collection was taken to pay the orator, and twelve hundred dollars was gathered. It appears a large amount till you understand that one hard silver dollar was worth one hundred of paper.

Dec. 17, 1780, they had a cold collation. After dinner the stewards made up the accounts, which amounted to eighty-five dollars for each member present, which was immediately paid. Jan. 5, 1783, it was so cold that the lodge could not work, and was compelled to close. June, 1784, the Lodge voted to remove to the widow Jayne's house, for which they paid four pounds per year rent.

June 23, 1812, the Lodge voted to return the charter. War was now raging, and its fiercest conflicts were upon the ocean. All the able-bodied members were serving their country on the decks of battle-ships or privateers; and at the close of the war, had the roll of the old Lodge been called, the greater number of responses would have come from Dartmoor or the prison hulks of Lngland. From 1812 to 1821, Masonry remained silent in town. From April 1821, the same old charter was returned, and Brother John Bartlett was elected Master. He was a very zealous Mason, and at one time served as Deputy of this District. June 24, 1822, the new hall was dedicated, brother Thaddeus M. Harris, of Dorchester, delivered an oration, and a dinner was prepared at the fort.

Brother John Bartlett remained as Master till 1825; then Brother R. W. French one year; then Brother Creasey for two years; then Brother Trefry one year: then Brother Traill. Under these Masters the Lodge increased in numbers, and prospered, till the dark days of Masonry came on. In that wild tempest of fanaticism, like many of the Lodges in the vicinity, it surrendered its charter.

In March, 1841, the charter was again called back; and Brother John Bartlett was again elected Master. He held office till December of the same year, when Brother Trefry was elected; who held office till 1846, when Brother David Blaney was publicly installed as Master. He held the office till 1858, twelve consecutive years, the longest term ever held by a Master; and when his successor was elected Brother Blaney was the only Past Master living. In 1858 Brother H. H. F. Whittemore was elected, and held the office till 1862.

In 1860 the Lodge celebrated its one hundredth anniversary, and we note two remarkable coincidences. The birthday of the Lodge was darkened by the gathering clouds of the Revolution, its one hundredth anniversary bv the still blacker and nearer clouds of the rebellion. A doctor was Master on its first birthday, a doctor was Master on the one hundredth anniversary. At that time there were sixty-two members, and every one not absent from town was present.

May 4, 1880, the old charter was returned for the last time to the Lodge. The square and compasses taken from the powder-ship captured by Mugford were again placed upon the altar. The sword first drawn in defence of the Union was placed in the Tiler's hands, and the Grand Lodge was present and installed the officers.

Of the celebrated characters who took part in the important events leading up to American Independence, Marhlehead furnished her full share. "It is no exaggeration to say that, in proportion to her size, no place furnished more men, or gave greater evidence of her patriotic devotion to the cause of liberty . . . the men who formed and sustained this Lodge for the first forty years of its existence were among the foremost heroes of the Revolutionary period."

The closing feature of the celebration of Philanthropic lodge was a special communication Friday, March 25. it was a members' night, social and historical in character and highly appreciated by the brethren. A roll of the members was called. Of the 165 in attendance, there were responses from one who lived in Brazil, another in Kansas City, several in New York state and mam who are not residents of the old town. Several letters were from members who regretted their inability to attend.

Rt. Wor. William D. T. Trefry gave a historical address covering the period from the end of the first forty years of the history of the lodge down to a time within the memory of most of the members of the lodge. From this address we quote some of the leading incidents.

No record of a meeting of the lodge is made from May 4, 1803 until January 16, 1809, from this date the lodge held regular meetings until January 23, 1812. The custom of the time permitted business to be done on the "first step" in Masonry. This practically continued for many years. It was also the custom to ballot for the candidate on each degree as he was advanced. When the lodge was revived in 1821 it was through the efforts of Rev. John Bartlett. one of the most earnest and devoted Masons of his day. He was minister of the Unitarian Church in Marblehead from 1811 to 1849. The officers were installed by the Grand Master at what appears to have been a public installation. The Grand Lodge was received with much the same ceremony as at the present day. The first visit of a district deputy grand master to the lodge was in November 1821. Another visit of the officers of the Grand Lodge followed soon on the occasion of the dedication of their lodge room. Rev. Thaddeus M. Harris, a noted clergyman of the time, delivered a sermon.

The lodge took part in the laying of the corner-stone of Bunker Mill Monument of which occasion it was said "there was the largest assembly of people that ever met at one time in the U. S. of America, it also by invitation of King Solomon's Lodge participated in the dedication of the monument. On July 4, 1824, the lodge assisted in the celebration of the day at the invitation of the Marblehead Light Infantry. Soon after this date came the period of anti-Masonic excitement and the lodge was forced to close its doors which were not opened again until 1841 when it was reorganized with Rev. John Bartlett, worshipful master. I hiring this year the members of the lodge visited Essex Lodge by invitation and witnessed the installation of the officers. Rev. John Bartlett was the installing officer. In 1846 it was voted to have a public installation, the society of Odd Fellows and the clergymen of the town being invited to attend. The installation was performed by Grand Master Simon W. Robinson. Rev. G. M. Randall, afterwards Grand Master, delivered an address.

This lodge in common with others felt the stress of the anti-Masonic times. During the years of 1829 to 1834 hardly a candidate for the degrees presented himself. Members constantly dimitted. The last three masters of the lodge — Josiah P. Creesey, John Traill and Samuel S. Trefry were faithful to their duty and at every meeting lectured on one or other of the degrees. Expenses were reduced in every way and meetings held less frequently. In 1834 it was voted to sell the chandelier and divide the proceeds among the members of the lodge, A committee was appointed to see about the distribution of the funds and whether it was best to surrender the charter. The crockery and glass were sold to the highest bidder and on May 21, 1834, it was voted to surrender the charter and Rev. John Bartlett was charged with the duty of waiting on the Grand Lodge and com eying the vote and effects.

One of the happiest periods of the lodge was the 20 years when it occupied quarters in the building of the Marblehead Free School Association from 1856 to 1876. It was in this building that the 100th anniversary of the lodge was held and here for the last time the charter was surrendered October, 1876. Why the lodge should have surrendered its charter at this time does not fully appear from the records. Mention is frequently made of members being in arrears for dues, that would not seem a sufficient reason for giving up the charter. There were probably other reasons which are not disclosed.

The lodge remained closed until 1880. On April 20, 1SS0. the Charter having been returned, the brethren met and elected officers. They were installed bv Grand Master Charles A. Welch May I. 1880. The l'.'">ih anniversary of the lodge was held at a special meeting April 2, 1SS.'». The installation was public and ladies were preseir, The lodge now-entered "it a peril.d of encouraging prosperity. The conflagration which wiped out a large section of the town destroyed the property of the lodge among whidi were several souvenirs of the past that can never be replaced. Nothing was saved but the three great lights which were saved by Capt. John Cole at the risk of his life. Among souvenirs lost were: the square and compass taken from the British ship Hope which was captured in Massachusetts Bay by the "heroic Mugford rid his compatriots then in command of the Franklin of Marblehead." These implements were among the contents of the carpenter's tool chest and on board the captured ship.

On the 25th of March, 1900, being the 140th anniversary of the lodge it dedicated the quarters now occupied for lodge purposes. Grand Master Charles T. Gallagher with officers of the grand lodge performed this important service and the very able historical address of Rt. Worshipful Brother Trefry was read.

The 145th anniversary was observed March 24, 1905, by a reception, banquet and short historical sketch of the lodge by Worshipful Master Charles Goodwin, and an entertainment and dancing. September 28, 1905 the lodge participated in the ceremony of laying the corner-stone of the new Federal Building by the Grand Lodge. At a subsequent meeting of the lodge the trowel used at the laying of the cornerstone was presented to the lodge.

The Charity of the lodge has always been worthily bestowed and never stinted. In the early days it was the custom to take up subscriptions for destitute brethren. The records abound with mention of such assistance, later other methods were employed and in 1909 a Charity fund was established.

These extracts give but little idea of the value of the historian's address, but those who listened to the story of the lodge and heard the names of those worthy brethren of past days who have honored the name of our institution by their service will join with the historian when he says, "So long as the moulding of exalted human character is the work of the order, the fraternity must endure and its history in the future must be as glorious as its record in the past."

175TH ANNIVERSARY HISTORY, MARCH 1935

From New England Craftsman, Vol. XXX, No. 9, May 1935, Page 240:
From New England Craftsman, Vol. XXX, No. 10, June 1935, Page 262:
From New England Craftsman, Vol. XXX, No. 11, July 1935, Page 279:

The Story of Philanthropic Lodge
One Hundred Seventy-Five Years of Masonic History
By Tracy Lewis Sanborn, 32° {Copyrighted 1935)

Proud indeed may we Brethren of Philanthropic be of our ancient lodge! We are members of one of the very oldest Masonic bodies in all North America. One hundred and seventy-five years have rolled by since that memorable March day in 1760, when Dr. John Lowell, of Marblehead, received from Jeremy Gridley, Grand Master of St. John's Grand Lodge of Boston, his commission as the first Worshipful Master of the new-born Philanthropic Lodge.

What a stirring year it was that saw the birth of Philanthropic! The American Colonies were in the final throes of the French and Indian War. Six months before Dr. Lowell received his master's commission, Quebec had fallen to Wolfe's army in that desperate battle on the Plains of Abraham, and only six months after our lodge was instituted Montreal surrendered to Lord Jeffrey Amherst and French dominion in North America ended forever.

A great pity it is that no records survive of the first eighteen years of Philanthropies history. Two or three references in the old records of the Grand Lodge, a notation on the old Charter, and a precious letter written April 10. 1760 by Worshipful Master Lowell to Right Worshipful Brother John Leverett, Grand Secretary — this is all we have. The very first reference to Marblehead in the Grand Lodge Records occurs January 31, 1757, when at a meeting in the Royal Exchange Tavern in Boston it is recorded:

"Our Right Worshipful] G M acquainted the Lodge that the occasion of this Meeting was for to make Capt Harry Charters. Capt Gilbert McAdaras, aid de Cam]) Doctor Richard Huch & Mr. John Appy Secy to the Earl of Loudoun with Mr John Melvill, Masons (who came to town from Marblehead with Bro Lowell on purpose to be made a Mason), which the Lodge unanimously agreed to."

And now comes the letter of Dr. Lowell. This famous document was in the possession of the Lowell family until 1900, when at the dedication of our present quarters it was presented to the Grand Lodge by a descendant of Dr. Lowell. It is now in the archives of the Grand Lodge in Boston.

The letter is of such outstanding importance as the very first account of our Lodge that I quote it in full:

Marblehead, April 10, 1760.

Right Worshipful Brother, I Rec'd the Commission you sent me from the Right Worshipful Grand Master bearing Date, the 25th Ulto, to Act as Master of a Lodge in Marblehead. When I have a Convenient Opportunity in person I shall Endeavour to Acknowledge the favour in a proper manner to him & the Rest of the Right Worshipful Officers. I Likewise have Received your Letter of the 2d. Inst: Inviting me & my Wardens by Order of the Right Worshipful Grand Master to the Grand Lodge or Quarterly Communication. I Am Sorry I cant do myself that Pleasure, My Wife Expecting to Lay in With a Child this month & the Time is so Uncertain that I cant possibly be from home, But our Brothers Glover and Tucker whom I have \ppointed my Wardens t Pro Tempore) will wait upon you. Inclosed I have sent you the Names of those whom I found to be Brethren in the Town and whom I have (toadc at two meetings since I opened the [Lodge. I have thought lit at present to hold our Lodge in a Chamber of our Brother Tuckers House which is at the Entrance of the Town the Largest and Best Situated upon all Accounts we have among us.

The Night of our Meeting is the first Thursday in every Month. Our Last Meeting Consisted of Twenty in Number when I mentioned to them the Charity for our poor Brethren. As We have Been at Considerable Expence for Things Necessary to furnish our Lodge Genteely it has taken Up all the Money in our Box which we have got by Admitting New Brethren and more, so that we could not send you so much as perhaps this Necessitous time requires, our Lodge being Young & Few. But as a Number of our Brethren have suffered by Fire we Collected among us Forty pounds Old Tenor which my Wardens will deliver you & hope the Sum tho' Small will he acceptable. I am Right Worshipfull

Your Humble Servant & Brother
Jno. Lowell.

"To The Right Worshipful Brother John Leverett Grand Secretary.

"A List of Brothers before the Opening nfl Lodge in Marblehead and Belonging to the Same Town

  • Samuel Glover S: W:
  • Andrew Tucker J: W:
  • John Roades Secy
  • Jonathan Glover Treasurer
  • Henery Saunders
  • Samuel Reed
  • John Glover
  • George Stacey
  • Edward Middlesex Walker
  • Andrew Tuker Junr.
  • John Peirce
  • John Reed Junr.



"A List of Brothers Admitted in the New Lodge at Marblehead all belonging to Marblehead


* John Cawley

  • Thomas Lewis
  • Edward Fitterplace
  • John Pulling
  • Thomas King
  • Thomas Dixey
  • Thomas Aden
  • Richard Harris
  • except Edward Draper Holford of St: Kitts"

As we see, many famous old Marblehead names appear in this Honor Roll of the Twenty-two Charter Members of Philanthropic Lodge. Here is the young John Glover, later Colonel of the renowned Marblehead Regiment and Brigadier General in Washington's army; Edward Fettyplace, member of the Revolutionary Committee of Correspondence and Captain of the Matrose Company; John Pulling, intimate friend of Paul Revere and prominent patriot, who from the belfry of Boston's Old North Church hung the lantern that signalled Revere to begin his immortal ride; and Richard Harris, artilleryman in the Continental Army, Town and Federal official.

And to the old Commodore Tucker House still standing at No. 70 Prospect Street goes the distinction of entering our Lodge's first meetings. How intensely interesting it would be if we could only know what happened during Doctor Lowell's mastership! But only three records of the Lodge's activities during that period survive. The first is the record of the meeting of St. John's Grand Lodge at Boston April 11, 1760, when it is recorded that Wardens Glover and Tucker faithfully carried out their mission and presented for charity 5 pounds, 6 shillings and 8 pence. The second is the Grand Lodge record of October 10, 1760, reading: "For Marblehead Lodge Bro Thomas Lewis presented 18 shillings. NB the Commission to hold their Lodge dated March 25, 1760 from ye G Master in Boston J. G." The J. G. of course standing for Jeremy Gridley. And the final Word is the diploma granted to John Pulling on June 1, 1761, a copy of which adorns the walls of our apartments.

Philanthropic is also listed on the old Roll of the Grand Lodge of England as "No. 142, Marblehead Lodge, Massachusetts," and in another place in the English records the date of our founding — March 25, 1760 — is given.

Some time between 1760 and 1768 our Lodge evidently ceased to function, for an invitation sent to Worshipful Master Lowell by the Grand Secretary on October 31, 1768, asking the Marblehead Lodge to attend the installation of John Rowe as Grand Master received no answer.

Although we have no written testimony, it is not difficult to call up a picture of how a meeting of our ancient Brethren looked in those eventful days. Wax candles in huge, intricately designed candlesticks of brass light the darkly curtained lodge room. The floor is sanded, a sheet-iron stove crammed with pine wood gives warmth on one side, while across the room a roaring fire of great logs throws dancing lights and shadows on the silver buckles, powdered wigs and snowy lace ruffles of the strong-featured Brethren. Like the rest, the Master wears knee-breeches, but his coat is handsomely embroidered velvet, and a splendid cocked hat sits impressively above his be-ribboncd queue. The Oriental Chair is leather-seated and beautifully hand-carved, while the settees for the members lack paint and are hard and uncomfortable. Quaint old prints bought from foreign parts by Marblehead sailor-men decorate the rough walls, and the rude timbers of the railing are blackened with smoke. Outside in the ante-room the Tiler is busily pouring rum and punch into Earthen jugs and laying out strong tobacco, long pipes and flint and steel.

How different from today! And yet there is one familiar note. In the center of the floor, as always, down through the ages of Freemasonry, stand the altar, the Great and Lesser Lights, linking 1760 fast to 1935. Although our Lodge records go back no farther than 1778, we have shown definitely that it was founded March 25, 1760. Thus, Old Philanthropic is the third oldest Masonic Lodge in this State, the eighth oldest in New England, and ranks nineteenth in the United States. In Massachusetts we yield precedence only to St. John's Lodge of Boston, founded in 1733, and St. Andrew's, also of Boston, dating from 1756.

Soon after John Rowe became Grand Master in November of 1768 Samuel Glover and other Marblehead Masons applied to him for a charter. Evidently the commission or warrant issued in 1760 had lapsed. Whether a regular charter had been granted our Lodge prior to Glover's application we do not know for certain. The records mention only the commission given to Dr. Lowell. Grand Master Rowe granted Glover's petition, but this constitution was later forfeited because the brethren failed to meet at least once in twelve months. Nearly a decade passed with no organized Freemasonry in Town, and then on January 14, 1778, Grand Master Rowe issued to John Roads, Richard Harris, William Cole, Henry Saunders, Edward Fettyplace, Jeremiah Proctor, Peter Green, Samuel Reed and Nicholas Gorden the treasured old charter now reposing in the vaults of the National Grand Bank.

The First Original Record of Philanthropic Lodge

Now we come to our lodge's first original record. The ink is faded, the ancient paper yellowed with time, yet the beautiful handwriting of Secretary Saunders is as legible today as when he laid down the quill nearly two centuries ago. He writes:

"Marblehead January 15th 1778 Agreabell to a New Constitution Granted by our Right Worshipful! Brotbei- John Row Esq Grand Master for all North America Baring Date January the 1 -ttli 1778 of masonry 5778 our Right Worshipful Brother Richard Harris Congregated the Brethren together at the Hous of the whido Kings and Formed them into a Regular Lodg and maid Choyce of Brother Edward Fittyplace for his Sen. Wardin and Brother John Roads for his .Inn. Warden and Brother Edward Fittyplace for bis Treasurer and Brother Henry Sanders for bis Secretery and Brother Nicholas Sivry for bis tiler.

"Present

  • Brother Richard Harris master
  • Bro. Edward Fittyplace Sr Warden
  • Bro. John Roads Jun. Warden
  • Bro. Nicholas Gording
  • Bro. Jeremiah Procter
  • Bro. William Cole
  • Bro. Peter Green


"No Bisness the Lodg was Closd in Due Form."

What exciting topics they must have discussed that January night after Lodge was closed! Washington's ragged army was freezing and starving amid the icy Pennsylvania hills around Valley Forge while Brethren of the Craft on sentry duty were tramping the snow with bleeding feet; discontent, disloyalty and corruption in high places were rife, and it seemed as though the cause of Liberty were dying. Vehemently did our ancient founders of Philanthropic argue as they sat before the blazing logs of the Lodge room hearth puffing dense clouds of strong tobacco smoke from their long pipes and quaffing draught after draught of fiery rum punch.

Six days after this first meeting the first candidates for the degrees were voted into the Lodge — Captain Nicholas Ogalbe, David Stephenson and Jonathan Proctor. On the next night, January 22, 1778, occurs the first degree work: "and was made Enterd aprin-ticeis Capt. Nicholas Ogelbe, Mr. David Stephenson and Mr. Jonathan Procter and Paid Brother Fittyplace Twenty One pounds" - showing that seven pounds was our first initiation fee. The first use of the blackball was on February 16, 1778. The Fellowcraft Degree was worked for the first time March 5, 1778 on Brothers Benjamin Reed, John Gerry, Samuel Russell Gerry, Samuel Trevett. Edmund Lewis and Swett Hooper, and—records the Secretary—"pipes and to-backer was furnishd".

A month later — April 16, 1778 — the Mystic Word of the Third Degree was pronounced for the first time in Philanthropic Lodge when a class of eight Fellow-crafts were Raised by Worshipful Master Richard Harris. These were Nicholas Ogelbe, David Stephenson, Benjamin Reed, John Gerry, Edmund Lewis, Samuel Russell Gerry, Samuel Trevett and John Dixey — "and Paid Br Edward Fittyplace Nine Pounds Twelve Shillings". Evidently the fee for Raising was one pound four shillings.

Convivial souls indeed were the old Brothers of Philanthropic. Right merrily flowed the brimming bowl, as the following record indicates: "It was Agreed to pay Bro Burdick 3 shillings ahead for dinner. 6 pence for each Bottle Wine more than the First Cost, '1 -hillings for a Bowl Punch and 1 shilling for a Bowl Grogg." Later is mentioned the appointment of certain Brothers as Stewards "for procuring Rum. Sugar, Candles, Bread & Cheese, Pipes & Tobacker."

All the Tiler had to furnish for the meetings was water, and it is hinted that this duty was not exactly burdensome. To fill the office of Tiler, by the way. the Lodge frequently went outside its membership, picked a man whom they felt would be satisfactory, and then made him a Mason. Only members were supposed to know of the meetings and usually the only clue outsiders had was an occasional glimpse of the Tiler carrying a pail of water to the Lodge quarters late in the afternoon, or when some early riser saw one or two Brothers going home at sunrise—we will hope steady on their pins!

In those days Entered Apprentices were active in Lodge affairs, serving on committees and taking part in Lodge business, which was transacted on the First Degree. Lodge was opened on the Second and Third Degree only when those degrees were to be worked or applications received. Even after being Raised the Master Mason had to be formally voted into membership. There is no record of any investigating committee at this time, and sometimes if the ballot was clear the candidate received not only the First but the Second and Third Degrees the same night, particularly if he had to go to sea on short notice.

Once a little matter of blackballing was handled in a highly original manner. Three times the ballot was not clear. The Lodge chose a committee to see if anything could be done about it (evidently the rejected applicant was popular!). This committee, with the wisdom of our ancient Brother Solomon, pronounced after grave deliberation, "Suspend the rule and add the candidate." It was done, and then the rule was voted again into effect.

At times the combination of a hot head and hard liquor proved too explosive a compound for even Masonic amity to overcome. Secretary John Roads solemnly records in 1778 that when a somewhat heated dispute arose between two Brethren and they finalh agreed to leave the decision to three other members "Bro Ryan wished Damnation might Seas his Sole if he Submitted to the Report of the Commity" if judgment favored his opponent.

The first death of a Philanthropic Brother is recorded April 21, 1778, when the Lodge voted to give Masonic burial to Henry Saunders, one of the Charter Members of 1760. As there was no other lodge in the vicinity (there was none in Salem until 1779), it is not strange that we find mention as early at May 7, 1778, of men from other places joining the Marblehead Lodge. Several from Salem, one from Ipswich and "Mr. William Obrian of mechias" — probably Machias, Maine — are recorded.

On June 25, 1778, was held the first celebration of St. John's Day. A gathering of thirty-nine Brethren. including several visitors and Deputy Grand Master Moses Deshon, "walked from the Lodg in Procession to the Rev William Whitwels meating hous where we had an oration Delivered by Bro John Barnard Sweatt and after the Singing of the 133 & 134 Psalms we walked in the above order to Bro Peter Greens and theire Celebrated the Feast and at Seven o Clock h\ turned to the Lodg and at Eight o Clock the Bisnesi being Finishd the Lodg was Closd in Due Form."

Although the Revolution was raging while these firsi records of our Lodge were being written, we fini scarcely any allusion to the struggle in them. The first and about the only reference occurs October 14, 1778, four months after Washington had won the Battle of Monmouth, when "a Committee of three was appointed to wait upon the agents of the Privetear Raven to Parole Bro Laborn and Bro Hunter."

The square and compasses used in Philanthropic Lodge are of decided Revolutionary interest, however. On May 17, 1776, Capt. James Mugford of Marblehead, cruising in Massachusetts Bay in the armed Schooner Franklin, one of Washington's cruised overtook and carried by boarding the British muni tions ship Hope, laden with powder, muskets and cannon-carriages for the British army. This was like a gift from the gods for the American forces besieging Boston, for they were in dire want of weapons and ammunition. James Topham of Marblehead, ship's carpenter of the Franklin, saw a handsome square and compasses in the cabin of the Hope and realizing their usefulness in his official duties took the from the prize. Would that we could say that Mugford or Topham was a Mason, but so far as we know not member of the Franklin's crew belonged to the Craft. Topham's son, however, who many years later presented the historic square and compasses of the Hope to the Lodge, was Raised in Philanthropic in 1861.

These ancient implements, handsomely engraved, are an object of keen interest to all visitors to our Lodge, and were inspected with great curiosity by the twenty-four British Masons from H. M. S. Capetown at their reception in August, 1929.

Many are the names illustrious in Revolutionary history appearing in these early records of Philanthropic. To cite but one example, when in February of 1781 the Lodge was compelled by the need of larger quarters to move from the Widow King's to the house of Peter Jayne, on the committee in charge of arrangements were Colonel William R. Lee, whose gallant fighting record in Washington's army was famous; Samuel Sewall, later Chief Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Court; Captain Samuel R. Trevett, who commanded a Continental company in many bloody actions; and Dr. Elisha Story, the renowned surgeon who distinguished himself at Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill. Another of Washington's officers, Captain Joshua Orne, was also prominent in the affairs of the Lodge as well as in the Provincial Congress. General Glover, Captain Fettyplace, John Pulling and Richard Harris we have already mentioned. And so we might go on. The membership roster of Philanthropic Lodge in those thrilling days reads like arblehead's honor roll of eminent patriots and leading citizens.

At the St. John's Day celebration in 1779 the brethren of the newly formed http://masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=Essex Essex] Lodge in Salem were guests. An oration was delivered by Brother Elisha Story at Rev. Isaac Story's "meating hous," banquet was served at Brother Peter Green's, and the return to the Lodge a present of "378 Dolers" was made to a member in distress. Evidently the Lodge lived up to the name it was later to receive (the name Philanthropic does not appear until 1797), for numerous other instances of charity are recorded. The documents seem exceedingly generous until one reflects that the donations were usually paper money and it took about a hundred paper dollars to equal a single silver one. The national coinage was in a much confused state, and there are many records of dues paid partly in pounds and shillings, partly in paper, and partly in "hard dolers." The rent paid for the use Peter Jayne's large upstairs room was twelve pounds in money and sixteen cords of wood per annum.

This early home of our Lodge is still standing. It is the old Prentiss House at No. 37 Mugford Street. It appears to have been difficult to find satisfactory quarters in those years. For a time meetings were held at house of Brother Burdick, and later at the Widow Jayne's.

At the expiration of his third year in 1781, Worshipful Master Richard Harris, who had not only guided the infant Lodge ably and wisely during its native period, but had also distinguished himself as an artilleryman in Paul Revere's corps, as Selectman of the Town and its first Federal Collector of Customs, refused to accept another term in the East. So great was the prestige of Col. William R. Lee, one of the Lodge's most active members, that although he was not an officer he was elected Master. But he declined, and Senior Warden Samuel R. Trevett was chosen Philanthropic's third Master in 1781. He was succeeded by Dr. Elisha Story in 1782.

The winter of 1783-84 must have been an unusually rigorous one, for several times it is recorded "No Lodge it being very cold." These old Brethren were deeply interested in the ritual and traditions of the Craft, as is shown by their vote to devote the second Thursday in each quarter to Masonic lecturing. And as many of them were men active in State and Town affairs the social gatherings at the close of the Lodge were open forums for the intelligent discussion of the momentous questions agitating the young Nation.

From April 20, 1786 to February 1, 1797, there is a break in the records. If the Lodge met at all during those eleven years there is no mention of it. Just why meetings were given up is not definitely known. Probably for lack of interest. On June 12, 1797, our Lodge was formally received under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, which voted that "the Name of the Lodge meeting in Marblehead from henceforward be Called the PHILANTHROPIC LODGE." With this annotation upon it, signed by Grand Master Paul Revere and Grand Secretary Daniel Oliver, the ancient Charter issued by Grand Master Rowe in 1778 was returned to our Lodge, which through all the previous thirty-seven years of its existence had been known only as the "Marblehead Lodge."

We must explain here that there were originally two Grand Lodges in Massachusetts —the St. John's Grand Lodge, chartered by the Grand Lodge of England and organized by Henry Price in 1733, and the Massachusetts Provincial Grand Lodge, formed by Joseph Warren in 1769 and chartered by the Grand Lodge of Scotland. These two rival Grand Lodges combined in 1792 to form the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, entirely independent of either the English or Scottish Grand Lodges, Until 1797 our Lodge had been under the jurisdiction of the St. John's Grand Lodge, which had originally granted its Charter.

The first Grand Lodge Visitation recorded in Philanthropic records occurred November 23. 1798. Dr. Elisha Story as Master received Grand Master Josiah Bartlett and his suite of nine Grand Lodge officers, one of whom was Paul Revere. A Grand Lodge was formally opened at seven p. m. and closed at nine, but nothing is said as to what transpired.

The dawn of the Nineteenth Century was marked in Philanthropic by a solemn Masonic service lamenting the death of "our illustrious and beloved Bro. General Geo. Washington," at which Brother Joseph Story, who afterwards won honors as Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, delivered "an elegant and well adapted Eulogy on his Life & Virtues." It was voted "that the Brethren ware black Crape edged with blue Ribbon on the left Arm for thirty efays as a Badge of Mourning on this Sorrowful & Melancholy Occasion." St. John's Day was celebrated for the first time out of town on June 24, 1801, when "At high Twelve the Brethren proceeded to the Widow Phillips', Lvn, where they elined together and spent the afternoon in that Social & Friendly manner which ought ever to Subsist among Brothers & Fellows."

Now occurs another unexplained break in the records - from May 4, 1803 to January 10, 1809. Whether the records of these six years have been lost or no records were kept during this period, no one knows. Grand Lodge records show that Philanthropic was represented at the communications of the supreme body in September and December, 1803; March and December, 1804; and December of 1805. So at least our Lodge was not wholly dead during those years.

An unusual incident during the mastership of Ralph H. French, who succeeded Dr. Story in 1809, is worth mention. After receiving application from a candidate the members argued long and fervently over the propriety of initiating him, for he had lost his right hand. Finally it was agreed to consult the Grand Lodge. The answer was favorable, but the unfortunate candidate was blackballed notwithstanding, whether because of his missing hand or not is not clear. The worthy Secretary strikes another human note when he records that the committee investigating the charge brought by a certain Brother against another "are of Opinion that the Parties are equally Guilty of Gross Misconduct & Beastly Intoxication and ought to be Suspended from this Lodge." Which was promptly done.

Ebcnezer G. Evans followed W. M. French in the East in 1810, and the next year John Candler took the Chair. An echo of the outrages of the Barbary corsairs resounds in our records in 1811. when at a special communication "The R. W. Master informed the Brethren that a Brother from a Foreign Lodge was sent to Crave the Assistance of Lodges in this Country to enable them to raise a sufficient Sum of Money to purchas the Libertys of some Unfortunate Brethren now Prisoners in Algeers." A collection was taken but how much was raised is not stated.

The hated Embargo Act, domestic distress and the impending war with Great Britain were all reflected in loss of interest in the Lodge, and we are not surprised to find that at a meeting on January 23, 1811 attended by only a dozen members it was "Voted that a committee of three be chosen to select such Articles as belong to the Grand Lodge and return them with the Charter." The faithful Tiler was not forgotten for to him were bequeathed all the candles and liquor left in the Lodge!

Nine years went by — years in which Philanthropic Brethren shed their blood on the decks of "Old Ironsides" and in countless privateer and frigate actions or rotted in Dartmoor and the British prison hulks: Portsmouth and Southampton, Then, on April 2, 1821, a little group of twelve met and agreed to re-establish Philanthropic Lodge. A week later they organized with John Bartlett as Master, and on June 13, 1821 Grand Master John Dixwell formally restored our old Charter.

We must smile at something that happened in 1823. At the beginning of a meeting the alarming discovery was made that the records were not in the Lodge. Brother was dispatched post haste in pursuit of them and found them at the house of the Secretary, where alas, they were delivered to the messenger by the fair hands of the Secretary's sister! In consequence of this sad offense the unfortunate Secretary was forthwith deposed from office, much to the grief of your present historian, who found the next Secretary's penmanship very trying on his eyes.

There used to be an old saying in Marblehead, "it always rains when the Masons walk." And it certai did—with a vengeance—at the St. John's Day celebration of 1822. Guests had arrived from Essex, Jordan and Mount Carmel Lodges, a bountiful feast was waiting at the Fort, and lo! "the rain poured down torrents and perfectly spoiled the arrangements of the day." But the good Secretary piously says that as the earth was dry and vegetation suffering "the Brethren one and all received the disappointment as a Blessing from Heaven, considering the day thus particularly honored." I trust the worthy Brother did not write this with his tongue in his cheek.

The Lodge sometimes acted to settle domestic disputes and private squabbles in those homely days. For instance, it is recorded that "some uneasiness" between two Brethren occasioned by the impolite remarks of one about the other's grand-daughter was ironed out in open Lodge to general satisfaction.

At the laying of the corner-stone of the Bunker Hill Monument, June 17, 1825, a delegation from Philanthropic assisted the Grand Lodge officers. General Lafayette was present, and Secretary Isaac Collier writes that "it was contemplated there was the largest assembly of people that ever met at one time ithe United States of America."

Naturally seafaring men had formed a large proportion of our Lodge membership ever since its founding, but with the accession to the Master's Chair in 1825 of Captain Josiah P. Creesey, the famous commander of the world-renowned clipper ship Flying Cloud, came a procession of noted sea captains to receive the Light of Freemasonry in Philanthropic's halls. Among the veteran mariners Raised in 1826, for ■sample, were Captains John Pitman, William Bartoll and William Hammond — names known in ports from Liverpool to Calcutta and Shanghai.

Worshipful Master Creesey was followed bv Samuel Trefry in 1828 and John Traill in 1829. By this time we notice signs of lessened interest in the Lodge. The anti-Masonic propaganda which swept the country after the disappearance of William Morgan was having its effect in Marblehead. Attendance at meetings dropped off, regular monthly communications were abandoned, and the funds of the Lodge sank so low that the beautiful chandelier which had adorned the Lodge room for a long time was sold at auction for $50 in the desperate attempt to raise money. Finally, after it was found impossible to agree on reduced rent with the Free School Association, in whose hall the meetings were held, the sixteen members present on May 21, 1834, voted to surrender the Charter, and Philanthropic joined the three thousand other Masonic lodges forced out of existence bv blind and unjust prejudice. We had at that time thirty-four members.

The hall of the Free School Association, by the way, where our Lodge had been meeting for some time, was in the dwelling house still standing at No. 10 Tucker Street, at the head of Mason Street.

Eleven years passed, gradually the feeling against Freemasonry subsided, and on March 12, 1845, Grand Master Augustus Peabody returned the ancient Charier to twenty loyal Craftsmen headed by John Bartlett as Master, the by-laws were revised, and once more old Philanthropic was at work.

At this time it was the rule to meet on the Monday before the full moon. Public installations of the officers were frequently held, accompanied by an oration and music. In 1847 the leakage of private Masonic matters to the Town's street corners caused the Lodge considerable worry, and a committee was appointed to try to discover the source. Although these worthy sleuths made no report to the Lodge they evidently did not go to sleep on the job, for there were no more leaks. They had worked "with silence and circumspection."

On December 26, 1846 David Blanev ascended the Last for a term that was destined to be unique in length among the forty-five Masters of Philanthropic Lodge. Not till 1858 was this excellent Worshipful Master allowed to give up the gavel, and the following year he was presented with the first Past Master's Jewel ever bestowed by the Lodge. During bis twelve consecutive years in office the degree work of Philanthropic was so outstanding that we repeatedly exemplified it by request in other lodges.

It was at this time that the Lodge established a committee of two "to prevent any difficulty or disagreement which may be apprehended or already exist between any Brethren of the Lodge." It is rumored that this little arbitration board bad its hands full! Those were the days of fervid and flowery oratory. Witness the example of Brother Huntoon, who, returning to the Lodge after a long illness, pours forth his joy and gratitude at his recovery in an "impressive and butiful adddress" to his doubtless bored and restless Brethren.

On February 23, 1858 James B. Topham presented to the Lodge through Brother Joseph Goodwin the historic compasses captured by Captain Mugford in 1776 as described earlier in these pages. At that time the square accompanying the compasses had been mislaid, but several years later, after he had joined the Lodge, Brother Topham found the square and gave it to Philanthropic on November 13, 1862. St. John's Day in 1858 was celebrated on the Neck, the members "meeting at Appleton Wharf at Ten o'Clock and there conveyed to land adjoining Brother Darling's, the Keeper of the Light House," where they partook of a goodly collation of meats, fried fish and chowder supplied by Samuel Goodwin.

The 100th Anniversary of Philanthropic was celebrated on Monday evening, March 26, 1860, during the mastership of Dr. H. H. F. Whittemore, who succeeded Worshipful Brother Blaney in 1859. Lodge was opened on the First Degree, there being an Entered Apprentice present, and after the singing of an original ode by a choir of Brethren and the reading of the Charter by W. M. Whittemore the Craft were called from Labor to Refreshment and sat down to a banquet.

Speeches and toasts enlivened the occasion. Brother M. J. Doak was toastmaster, and the glasses were lifted to Freemasonry, The Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, Masonic Union, The Day We Celebrate, and last (but we will hope not least) The Ladies. Worshipful Brothei- Blanev—the only living Past Master of the Lodge—Rt. Worshipful Brother Huntoon and the officers and members responded to the toasts and joined whole-heartedly in the jovial festivities. In conclusion the Brethren, joining hands in the ancient English custom, made the rafters ring with Auld Lang Syne and then closed Philanthropic Lodge in due form. At that time it had sixty-two members.

Michael J. Doak was elected Master at the close of 1862. Whatever the feelings of the Brethren may have been in regard to liquor drinking, they evidently did not approve of a member's selling it, for the records of 1864 mention the suspension of a Brother for un-Masonic conduct in "keeping a place where liquors are sold at retail to the injury of Masonry."

Though the Civil War had been in progress for three years and a large number of Philanthropic's Brethren were fighting in the Union forces on sea and land, we find no allusion to the struggle until June 14, 1864, when it was voted "to loan the hall to the ladies working in aid of the soldiers." Five months later the Lodge met to give Masonic burial to Samuel Goodwin, dead of wounds received in the bloody thickets of the Wilderness; and at a special communication November 11, 1864 it was agreed to remit the dues of the Brothers in the service. These are the only direct references to the Civil War in our records.

Jonathan Cole succeeded Worshipful Brother Doak as Master in 1867, and was followed by Benjamin Pitman in 18(58. Then William H. Wormstead, our oldest living Past Master at the present time (1935), assumed the East at the end of 1872. faithfully and ably serving the Lodge in the years 1873 and 1874. In 1870 Philanthropic showed her sisterly spirit toward Atlantic Lodge of Odd Fellows by giving the younger fraternity the temporary use of Masonic Hall, and the same year an organ was purchased for use in the work. An unusual incident took place in 1872, when a special meeting was called to honor Brother Peter J. Rodgers, who was celebrating that day not only his 80th birthday but his 50th anniversary as a Freemason.

At the conclusion of Worshipful Master Wormstead's term in 1875 the Lodge turned for the second time to M. J. Doak for its presiding officer. And now the old Lodge once more passes through one of those periods of inactivity from which it has never failed to come back stronger and more enthusiastic than ever before. For some time prior to 1876 the records clearly indicate that interest is lagging, attendance dropping off, and the Lodge having difficulty in meeting its bills. Many members were badly in arrears, and after struggling along valiantly for many months a faithful band of nineteen Brethren met under W. M. Doak on October 31, 1876 and sorrowfully voted to again surrender the Charter.

But this interregnum lasted less than four years. On March 10, 1880, at the petition of the Marblehead Brethren, Grand Master Charles A. Welch signed the order restoring once more our much-travelled Charter. May it never be surrendered again!

The popular Michael Doak was elected Master for the third time on April 20. 1880, and Philanthropic resumed full activities with bustling energy. At the May communication, held in Odd Fellows' Hall, Grand Master Welch with a large suite formally returned the Charter while delegations from the Salem and Beverly lodges looked on with friendly interest. From the very first attendance was good and keen interest shown. In 1881 the Lodge adopted Grand Army Hall as its quarters and the following year voted for the first time to join the other lodges in the district in the exemplification of the work.

Worshipful Brother Pitman began his second term in the Oriental Chair in 1881. and following him came William W. Dodge in 1882, Horace Goodwin in 1883 and William D. T. Trefry in 1885.

Now we come to the 125th Anniversary of the Lodge. It was celebrated at a special communication on April 2, 1885. Some fifty members were present with their ladies, and the Grand Lodge was represented by Right Worshipful Brothers Israel, Norris and Hill, about two hundred in all attending. Remarks by Worshipful Master Horace Goodwin were followed by selections by a quartette, the reading of a most interesting historical sketch of the Lodge by Secretary Stephen P. Hathaway, more music, the recital of a poem, and then an entertainment of feats of magic. After that the company marched to Rechabite Hall, where they were regaled with an elaborate spread replete with toasts and speech-making. Not till after midnight did the festivities end.

So prosperous was Philanthropic at this time that at the visitation of the District Deputy in 1885 he informed the gathering that our returns to the Grand Lodge were the largest in the district. It was felt that bigger quarters must be had. and on September 21, 1886 the Lodge moved from Grand Army Hall to the new Lefavour Building at the southwest corner of School and Pleasant Streets. A feature of the visitation in 1886 was the presentation by Grand Chaplain Israel acting on behalf of the Grand Lodge and the masters of the district of a handsome Bible for use in the work, while the District Deputy congratulates the Lodge on the excellence of its apartments.

At the public installation of Worshipful Master Frank Lackey in 1888 the St. Helena Ladies' Society through their President, Mrs. James K. Beede, presented the Lodge with a fine new organ, and an entertainment of music, reading and speaking followed bvl refreshments closed a delightful evening.

Not long was the Lodge to enjoy its new home in] the Lefavour Building. On Christmas night in 1888 the last of Marblehead's great fires swept through thel center of the Town and one of the first buildings to go was Masonic Hall. So fierce and swift were the flames that nothing was saved but the Three Great Lights, the precious Charter and the Records. To the gallantry of Capt. John Cole, our Treasurer, who dashed through the raging fire at the risk of his life, is due the rescue of the Great Lights. Jewels, furniture and the new organ —a ll were destroyed. A loss of about $2,000, half covered by insurance.

But even such a calamity as this could not crush our ancient Lodge. Five days after the fire, while the rubbish of the Temple was still smoking, twenty-six Brethren met at the home of W. M. Lackey on Beacon Street and set about repairing the losses and securing a new meeting place. Contributions and expressions of sympathy poured in from all the Masonic bodies in the vicinity. The Brethren took heart and went to work. Soon the Salem lodges offered the use of their quarters, and after one meeting in the roosms of the Lodge of Templars in the Grader Block our meetings were transferred to Salem on February 1889. There communications were held until August 6, when the Lodge accepted the brotherly offer of Atlanta Lodge, I. O. O. F., for the use of their hall in Marblehead.

This same year Emery Brown took the Oriental Chair. A rather unique incident happened in 1890. At a special communication formal objections were made by certain members to the Entering of one candidate and the Crafting of another, although both had been favorably balloted upon for the degrees. The objections were found valid by the Lodge and neither candidate received his degree. Shortly afterward it was voted to hire quarters in the Gregory Block — provided the back door could be fixed to lock safely! - and the Lodge moved into that building May 20, 1900. At the July meeting that year, attended by only fourteen Brethren, the Secretary eloquently writes in explanation the brevity of his record, "Temperature 103."

During the mastership of Stephen W. Power, who took office in 1891, the Lodge several times enjoyed banquets in Hibernian Hall, one hundred and twenty sitting down at one of these affairs. Secretary Hathaway records that the installation of Benjamin Cole, Jr., in 1893 was "a rare affair," and when we read that the inimitable "Hoddie" Broughton played a star role in the entertainment and banquet, those of us fortunate enough to have known that genius of mimicry and humor can readily grasp the significance of "Steve Put's" comment.

P. Howard Shirley became Master in 1895. When in 1897 a Brother from Jordan Lodge presents Philanthropic with a picture commemorating the 100th iniversary in 1860, Secretary Hathaway writes that out of six members present at the centennial celebration five were in the Lodge room at the presentation of this picture thirty-seven years later. W. M. Shirley was succeeded by George P. Graves in 1897.

An amusing episode took place at this time. It was decided that for the sake of dressing up the degree work a bit the officers should all wear evening clothes. Is had never been done before in our Lodge. Accordingly the officers all appeared resplendent in the glory of "soup-and-fish," three candidates were waiting in the anteroom, and balloting began. Then to the consternation of the dress-suited officers, one after another the candidates were blackballed! There was no work, there was no business — the officers were "all dressed up with no place to go" — and the evening was totally ruined. Rumor hath it that a wag cast the blackballs as a crack at the evening clothes. The rejected candidates were admitted without trouble at the next meeting.

During Worshipful Brother Graves' tenure a committee was appointed to seek new quarters for the Lodge, and reported that the best place obtainable is in the new building being erected by Brother George S. Goss at the corner of Pleasant and School Streets — our present location. On this committee were brothers W. D. T. Trefry, Winthrop Brown and Benjamin Cole, Jr.

The first meeting in our present Lodge room was held on March 20. 1900. with Worshipful Master Winthrop Brown presiding, and to candidates John G. Broughton and George D. Boles fell the honor of receiving the first degrees conferred here. The new hall was pronounced one of the best-furnished Masonic apartments in the district. Fifteen hundred dollars was spent on its furnishings.

A few days later, on March 27, the new hall was formally dedicated at the 140th Anniversary celebration of Philanthropic Lodge. At four in the afternoon Grand Master Charles T. Gallagher and his suite of Grand Lodge Officers began the impressive ceremonies of Masonic dedication, the Harvard Quartette and Salem Cadet Orchestra furnishing the beautiful musical setting to the noble words of the ritual. When the ringing proclamation of the Grand Marshal closed the ceremony Past Master W. D. T. Trefry gave an address on the first forty years of Masonry in the Lodge and read the letter of Dr. John Lowell, our first Master, quoted in full at the beginning of this history. With many guests the Lodge then sat down to a fine banquet, and the celebration closed with an entertainment and dancing till Low Twelve.

Evidently social interest was lively among the Brethren at that time, for three months later we find the first record of an attempt to form a Masonic Club, a committee reporting that fifty members wished to join. What resulted is not revealed in the records.

An interesting feature of the public installation of W. M. George S. Goss and his officers in 1901 was the presentation to Brother John Cole of a Past Treasurer's Jewel in recognition of his twenty years' service. Charles Goodwin ascended the East in 1903. The next year it was decided to have the old records of the Lodge copied, but work on this seems to have ceased after it had been completed through February 25, 1779.

The first outstanding event of Charles Goodwin's mastership was the 145th Anniversary of Philanthropic, observed on March 21, 1905.

Festivities commenced with a reception to lady friends and other guests in the afternoon. Then a procession was formed with Brother Thomas T. Lyon as Marshal and the party entered the banquet hall, where a splendid repast was served. Worshipful Master Goodwin gave a short address on the history of the Lodge and speeches followed by Past Grand Master Gallagher and other Grand Lodge representatives, who united in praise of our ancient Lodge, its finely appointed quarters and prosperous condition. An entertainment was given by Boston talent and dancing lo music of the Salem Cadet Orchestra ensued till midnight. One hundred and sixty-two members and guests were present, including Past Masters Goss, Trefry, Winthrop Brown. Benjamin Cole Jr., and George P. Graves.

Another never-to-be-forgotten event in our history was the laying of the corner-stone of Marblehead's Federal Building on September 28, 1905. Worshipful Master Charles Goodwin and his officers received Grand Master Sanford and suite of twenty-four high Masonic dignitaries at two in the afternoon, headed by the Lynn Cadet Band the imposing cession of Grand Lodge officers and guests, one hundred and twenty-four Brethren of the Lodge, the Board of Selectmen led by Chairman John N. Osborne, postmaster B. F. Martin, the architect and Federal Supervisor of Construction, marched from the Masonic Hall to the corner of Pleasant and Watson Streets. A box containing interesting souvenirs was deposited the corner-stone laid by the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts with full Masonic ritual. An address was delivered by Worshipful Brother William H. Ryder of Gloucester, and then the procession returned to Masonic Hall, where Brethren and guests refreshed themselves with a banquet. Toasts and speeches by Federal, Town and Masonic officials closed the day.

The writer of this chronicle, then a lad of fifteen, witnessed the laying of this corner-stone, and as it was the first Masonic ceremony he had ever seen the event made an unforgettable impression upon his memory. Two months later the trowel used in the exercises was presented to our Lodge by Brother Edward W. Doherty, and the historic implement today occupies a place of honor on the walls of our apartments.

In 1905 Horace B. Gardner succeeded Worshipful Brother Goodwin. It was during his term of office that Past Master Benjamin Pitman gave the Lodge a gavel of wood from the glorious old frigate "Constitution," on whose decks many Brethren of Philanthropic had fought in the War of 1812. Edward G. Brown took the Master's Chair in 1908. The next year is recorded the working of the Third Degree by a staff of Past Masters composed of Worshipful Brothers Trefry, Emery Brown, Graves, Pitman, Goodwin, Cole, Winthrop Brown and Gardner. A pleasant feature of the annual meeting in 1909 was a reception to Brother Samuel Cox on the occasion of his 60th anniversary as a Mason.

Secretary of the Lodge for nearly half a century, under over a score of Masters, the beloved Stephen P. Hathaway was forced by the weight of advancing years to relinquish the active duties of his office in 1909, and at the November communication he was presented by the Lodge with a handsome Secretary's jewel and a resolution expressing the love and esteem of his Brethren.

Clinton A. Ferguson became Master in 1909, and at the February communication in 1910 Past Grand Master Edwin B. Holmes presented the Lodge with a framed photograph of the diploma granted by Philanthropic on June 9, 1761 to John Pulling, the distinguished patriot and friend of Paul Revere, whose lantern hung in the steeple of the Old North Church in Boston started Revere on his great ride. Pulling, though made a Mason here, received his Fellowcraft and Master Mason's Degrees in St. Andrew's Lodge of Boston. During the presentation of the diploma Right Worshipful Brother Holmes spoke most interestingly, lauding the exploits of the many Revolutionary heroes who received the Light of Freemasonry in Philanthropic Lodge and warmly congratulating the ancient Lodge on its splendid record of patriotism in the Nation's struggles for liberty. At this memorable meeting one hundred and eighteen members were present and the guests included Grand Master Dana J. Flanders and his suite.

This same year the Lodge sent fraternal greetings to its namesakes in England, Philanthropic Lodge No. 107 of King's Lynn and Philanthropic Lodge No. 304 of Leeds. In due course the greeting was returned, and today the three lodges exchange notices of communications.

The 150th Anniversary was celebrated in ceremonies lasting three days in March, 1910. On Sunday, the 20th, three hundred members and guests including the Grand Master and suite and Brethren from many neighboring lodges attended divine service at the Old North Church, where the sermon was preached by Rev. Bro. George L. Cady, D. D., pastor of Pilgrim Congregational Church of Dorchester. Music was furnished by the Weber sextette and Brother Clinton Bessom, organist, and an anniversary hymn was written for the occasion by Mrs. Edward G. Brown. The following day. Monday, a reception was tendered in Abbot Hall to the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts and five hundred people sat down to a banquet. Grand Master Flanders and others spoke at the conclusion of the feast, and festivities ended with an entertainment and dancing. On Tuesday, Lodge convened at 7.30 p. m. and one hundred and sixty-one members answered the roll called by the venerable Secretary-Emeritus Hathaway. Letters were read from absent Brethren and an historical address given by Chaplain W. D. T. Trefry, followed by remarks from nine of our Past Masters.

A banquet in the dining hall came next, and then an entertainment of sleight of hand and magic, Bong! and monologues and piano selections. Not till long after Low Twelve did the Brethren wend their ways homeward.

Our Lodge received another honor in 1911, when Past Master Edward G. Browne was appointed the first District Deputy Grand Master of the newly constituted Eighth Masonic District, comprising, besides Philanthropic, Essex and Starr King Lodges of Salem. Golden Fleece, Mount Carmel and Damascus of Lynn. and Jordan of Peabody.

At the following communication in February resolutions were passed on the death of Past Master Doak, whose eight years in the East are surpassed only by the twelve years of David Blaney. The feature of the annual meeting in 1911 was the highly interesting remarks of Brother Samuel Cox, then our oldest member, raised in 1849, and Secretary-Emeritus Hathaway. Harry G. Trefry because Master in 1911. followed by Charles H. King in 1914.

Now we come to another mile-stone in our history — the 155th Anniversary. It was observed March 25, 1915. Rt. Wor. Bro. W. D. T. Trefry, Past Deputy Grand Master, spoke on the early history of the Lodge and Grand Master Melvin M. Johnson gave an pressivc address on Freemasonry. He then presenteill our 96-years-old Brother Samuel Cox with the Henry Price Medal. A fund of $100 raised through the efforts of Brother Edward W. Doherty of Washington, D. C, for the purchase of a cabinet to hold Masonic relics, was presented by Brother Joseph G. Green, and a banquet and minstrel show put on twenty-two members of the Lodge closed proceedings.

Philanthropic took part in the laying of the corner! stone of the Salem Masonic Temple on June 24. 199 and was honored in the selection of Rt. Wor. Brother W. D. T. Trefry as toastmaster of the banquet In in Cadet Armory. Harrie K. Nutting was installed Master in 1915, followed by Richard T. Cole in 1917. The annual meeting in 1919 was notable for the presence of twenty members returned from military and naval service in the Great War. Ames H. Humphrey began his mastership in 1919, followed by J. Edgar Parker in 1921, Arthur L. Swasey in 1923 and Ackley R. Slee in 1924.

In observance of our 165th Anniversary a banquet and entertainment was held at Odd Fellows' Hall on March 24, 1925, and Past Grand Master Arthur D. Prince spoke to the one hundred and eighty-three members and guests present on Freemasonry in the Orient. Rufus L. Titus moved into the Master's seat the same year, and Arthur M. Humphrey succeeded him in 1927.

An unusual incident occurred at the April meeting in 1928, when William H. Wormstead and Joseph S. Wormstead, brothers in blood as well as in Freemasonry, were both presented with the Masonic Veterans' Medal by Rt. Worshipful Walter L. Williams, District Deputy Grand Master. In the course of remarks during the June, 1928, communication, Worshipful Master Arthur Humphrey displayed in the Lodge a flag carried around the world aboard thi ship of Brother Captain John Cole, flown at the St. John's Day festivities of 1860 and over the army tent of Captain Knott V. Martin encamped at Relay House, inland, in the stirring days of '61, and also borne by the Lodge at the dedication of the new Federal Building in 1905. This banner bears the Blue Lodge emblem strikingly blazoned on a field of white.

August 26, 1929. was a red-letter day in Philanthropic's history, for it marks the reception given to Masonic Brethren from His Britannic Majesty's per Capetown, visiting Marblehead harbor in section with the 300th Anniversary celebration of the Town.

In the afternoon refreshments were served the British Brethren in the Lodge dining hall, and they were cordially welcomed and shown the interesting historical relics of the Lodge, including the famous square and compasses captured from the H. M. S. Hope in the Revolution. At seven in the evening nearly four hundred members and guests with the twenty-four British Masons feasted together in I. O. O. F. Hall, where Past Grand Master Leon M. Abbott, Sovereign Grand Commander of the Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite, formally welcomed the Capetown sailors. Brother J. S. Matthias responded for the Britons. The Third Degree was then worked, Past Master Amos H. Humphrey delivering one of his famous charges to the candidate. The British Brethren individually extended fraternal greetings of their respective lodges across the sea, and Brother Manning of the Capetown spoke impressively to the candidate on the meaning of Freemasonry. At the conclusion of the ceremonies Brother Matthias thanked Philanthropic Lodge very gracefully for the courtesies shown his fellow Britons, and presented the Lodge with a framed picture of H. M. S. Capetown bearing the autographs the visitors. Worshipful Master Humphrey in accepting assured the Englishmen that it would be cherished as a valuable remembrance of their visit.

Before the Lodge closed, Rt. Worshipful Brother Rufus L. Titus was presented by the Lodge with a District Deputy Grand Master's Jewel, and by Worshipful Master Humphrey and Wor. Brother F. J. Needham with a gavel. Brother Titus was much touched by these expressions of high esteem and responded in his usual happy vein.

William L. Nickerson followed Arthur Humphrey Master in 1929. During his term the 170th Anniversary was commemorated with a turkey supper on March 18, 1930, at which seventeen Brothers with thirty-five or more years of membership to their credit were guests. At the next communication a committee was appionted to plan for the 175th Anniversary eel-ration in 1935.

During the January meeting in 1931 Rev. Bro. H. A. Hale, acting on behalf of Brother Jonathan T. Brown. presented the Lodge with a set of dividers and square made over fifty years previously and finished by Brother Brown at the age of eighty-four, when he had completed a half-century of membership.

In 1931, also, Secretary Arthur M. Humphrey finished the arduous task of compiling the names of all persons appearing on the Lodge records since its founding in 1760. These records show (to February 14, 1935) 392 members, 254 former members whose deaths are recorded, 347 former members whose deaths or separation are not mentioned, 117 demits or honorable discharges, 52 suspensions for non-payment of dues or other causes, and 5 expulsions — a grand total of 1,167 members past and present since 1760. Certainly Secretary Humphrey is deserving of much praise for the compilation of these valuable statistics.

Chester M. Damon became Master in 1931. During his occupancy of the East the much-needed redecoration of the Lodge Room was completed, giving Old Philanthropic quarters whose rich and dignified appointments in blue and cream are worthy of the noble history of our ancient Lodge. An incident unique in our annals occurred in 1932, when for the first time Philanthropic's walls echoed to the majestic words of the ritual uttered in a foreign tongue. At the April meeting, by special invitation, the officers of Germania Lodge of Boston worked the Master Mason's Degree in German on Brother August Amandus Hans Reinecke. The large and deeply interested gathering agreed that it was fine work, most impressively and eloquently done.

Clarence E. Chapman, our present Master, was installed in 1933. The forty-fifth to occupy the Oriental Chair, Worshipful Brother Chapman has proven himself a worthy successor to our long and distinguished line of Masters Good and True.


We have come to the end of our story. One hundred and seventy-five years of Masonic history have unrolled before us. Surely the chronicle has shown us that we are Brethren of a Lodge whose glorious record in both peace and war is unsurpassed in Masonic annals.

Venerable Philanthropic is a Lodge to be proud of — nay more, a Lodge to love and cherish! If the reading of this history has strengthened your affection for this grand old Institution — as the writing of it has done for your historian — then indeed is my labor well repaid.

May the future of Philanthropic be as glorious as her past!

And in the Temple of Freemasonry throughout the ages, to use C. R. Kennedy's beautiful words,

"Sometimes the work goes on in deep darkness, sometimes in blinding light: now under the burden of unutterable anguish — now to the tune of great laughter and heroic shoutings like the cry of thunder. Sometimes, in the silence of the night-time, one may hear the tiny hammerings of the Comrades at work up in the dome — the Comrades that have climbed ahead!"

Tracy Lewis Sanborn, 32°.
Marblehead, Massachusetts.

200TH ANNIVERSARY HISTORY, MARCH 1960

From Proceedings, Page 1960-41:

By Brother Tracy Lewis Sanborn. Copyrighted bv author and here reprinted by his permission.

As a member of Philanthropic Lodge, you are heir to a glorious Masonic heritage. Well may you be proud of this ancient Lodge! It is ranked among the very oldest Masonic bodies in all North America. And the roll of its members boasts a host of names distinguished in the early history of our country. Two hundred years have rolled by since that memorable twenty-fifth of March in 1760 when Dr. John Lowell of Marblehead received from Jeremy Gridley, Grand Master of St. John's Grand Lodge of Boston, his commission as the first Worshipful Master of the new-born Philanthropic Lodge.

What a stirring year it was that saw the birth of Philanthropic! The American Colonies were in the final throes of the French and Indian War. Six months before Dr. Lowell received his Master's commission, Quebec had fallen to Wolfe's army in a desperate battle on the Plains of Abraham, and only six months after our Lodge was instituted, Montreal surrendered to Lord Jeffrey Amherst and French dominion in North America ended forever.

A great pity it is that no records survive of the first eighteen years of Philanthropic's history. Two or three references in the old records of the Grand Lodge, a notation on the old Charter, and a precious letter written April 10, 1760, by Worshipful Master Lowell to Right Worshipful Brother John Leverett, Grand Secretary — this is all we have. The very first reference to Marblehead in the Grand Lodge Records occurs January 31, 1757, when at a meeting in the Royal Exchange Tavern in Boston it is recorded: "Our Right Worshipful G M acquainted the Lodge that the occasion of this Meeting was for to make Capt Harry Charters, Capt Gilbert McAdams, aid de Camp Doctor Richard Huch & Mr John Appy Secy to the Earl of Loudoun with Mr. John Melvill, Masons (who came to town from Marblehead with Bro Lowell on purpose to be made a Mason), which the Lodge unanimously agreed to."

THE FIRST ACCOUNT OF PHILANTHROPIC LODGE

And now comes the letter of Dr. Lowell. This famous document was in the possession of the Lowell family until 1900, when it was presented to the Grand Lodge by a descendant of Dr. Lowell. It is now in the archives of the Grand Lodge in Boston.

The letter is of such outstanding importance as the very first account of our Lodge that I quote it in full:

Marblehead April 10, 5760.

Right Worshipfull Brother

I reed the Commission you sent me from the Right Worshipfull Grand Master bearing Date the 25th Ult: to Act as Master of a Lodge in Marblehead.

When I have a Convenient Oppertunity in person I shall Endeavour to Acknowledge the favour in a proper Manner to him & the Rest of the Right Worshipfull Officers.

I Likewise have Receivd your Letter of the 2d Inst: Inviting me & My Wardens by Order of the Right Worshipfull Grand Master to the Grand Lodge or Quarterly Communication. I Am Sorry I cant do my Self that Pleasure, My Wife Expecting to Lay in with a Child this Month & the Time is so Uncertain I cant possibly be from home, but our Brothers Glover and Tucker whom I have Appointed my Wardens (Pro Tempore) will wait upon you.

Inclosed 1 have sent you the Names of those whom I found to be Brethren in the Town and whom I have made at two Meetings since I Opened the Lodge. I have thought fit at present to hold our Lodge in a Chamber of our Brother Tukers House which is at the Entrance of the Town the Largest and Best Situated upon all Accounts we have among us. The Night of our Meeting is the first Thursday in every Month. Our Last Meeting Consisted of Twenty in Number when I mentioned to them the Charity for our poor Brethren.

As We have Been at Considerable Expence for Things Necessary to furnish our Lodge Genteelly it has taken up all the Money in our Box which we have got by admitting New Brethren and more, so that we could not send you so much as perhaps this Necessitous time requires our Lodge being Young & Few. But as a Number of our Brethren have suffred by Fire we Collected among us Forty pounds Old Tenor which my Wardens will deliver you & hope the Sum tho' Small will be Acceptable.

I Am Right Worshipfull Your Humble Servant & Brother

Jno Lowell

To The Right Worshipfull Brother John Leverett Grand Secretary. A List of Brothers before the Opening of a Lodge in Marblehead and Belonging to the Same Town.

  • Samuel Glover S: W:
  • Andrew Tucker J : W:
  • John Roades Secy
  • Jonathan Glover Treasurer
  • Henery Saunders
  • Samuel Reed
  • John Glover
  • George Stacey
  • Edward Middlesex Walker
  • Andrew Tuker Junr.
  • John Peirce
  • John Reed Junr.


A List of Brothers Admitted in the New Lodge at Marblehead all belonging to Marblehead

  • Thomas King
  • Thomas Dixey
  • Thomas Aden
  • Richard Harris
  • John Cawley
  • Thomas Lewis
  • Edward Fitterplace
  • John Pulling

except Edward Draper Holford of St: Kitts

As we see, many famous old Marblehead names appear in this honor roll of the twenty-two Charter Members of Philanthropic Lodge. Here is the young John Glover, later Colonel of the renowned Marhlehead Regiment and Brigadier General in Washington's army; Edward Fettyplace, member of the Revolutionary Committee of Correspondence and Captain of the Matrose Company; John Pulling, intimate friend of Paul Revere and prominent patriot, who from the belfry of Boston's Old North Church hung the lantern that signalled Revere to begin his immortal ride; and Richard Harris, artilleryman in the Continental Army, town and federal official.

And to the old Commodore Tucker House still standing at No. 70 Prospect Street goes the distinction of sheltering our Lodge's first meetings.

OLD GRAND LODGE REFERENCES TO PHILANTHROPIC

How intensely interesting it would be if we could only know what happened during Doctor Lowell's mastership! But only three records of the Lodge's activities during that period survive. The first is the record of the meeting of St. John's Grand Lodge at Boston April 11, 1760, when it is recorded that Wardens Glover and Tucker faithfully carried out their mission and presented for charity 5 pounds, 6 shillings and 8 pence. The second is the Grand Lodge record of October 10,'1760, reading: "For Marblehead Lodge Bro Thomas Lewis presented 18 shillings. NB the Commission to hold their Lodge dated March 25, 1760 from ye G Master in Boston J. G." The J. G. of course standing for Jeremy Gridley. And the final record is the diploma granted to John Pulling on June 9, 1761.

Philanthropic is also listed on the old Roll of the Grand Lodge of England as "No. 142. Marblehead Lodge, Massachusetts", and in another place in the English records the date of our founding, March 25, 1760, is given.

Some time between 1760 and 1768 our Lodge evidently ceased to function, for an invitation sent to Worshipful Master Lowell by the Grand Secretary on October 31, 1768, asking the Marblehead Lodge to attend the installation of John Rowe as Grand Master received no answer.

A LODGE MEETING OF OUR FORBEARS

Although we have no written testimony, it is not difficult to call up a picture of how a meeting of our ancient Brethren looked in those eventful days. Wax candles in huge, intricately designed candlesticks of brass light the darkly curtained lodge-room. The floor is sanded, a sheet-iron stove crammed with pine wood gives warmth on one side, while across the room a roaring fire of great logs throws dancing lights and shadows on the silver buckles, powdered wigs and snowy lace ruffles of the Brethren. Like the rest, the Master wears knee breeches, but his coat is handsomely embroidered velvet and a splendid cocked hat sits impressively above his beribboned queue. The Oriental Chair is leather-seated and beautifully hand-carved, while the settees for the members lack paint and are hard and uncomfortable. Quaint old prints brought from foreign parts by Marblehead sailor-men decorate the rough walls and the rude timbers of the ceiling are blackened with smoke. Outside in the anteroom the Tiler is busily pouring rum and punch into earthern jugs and laying out strong tobacco, long pipes and flint and steel.

How different from today! And yet there is one familiar note. In the center of the floor, as always down through the ages of Freemasonry, stand the Altar, and the Great and Lesser Lights, linking 1760 fast to 1960.

THE THIRD OLDEST LODGE IN MASSACHUSETTS

Although our Lodge records go back no farther than 1778, we have shown definitely that it was founded March 25, 1760. Thus Old Philanthropic is the third oldest Masonic Lodge in this State, the eighth oldest in New England, and ranks nineteenth in the United States. In Massachusetts we yield precedence only to St. John's Lodge of Boston, founded in 1733, and St. Andrew's, also of Boston, dating from 1756.

Soon after John Rowe became Grand Master, in November of 1768, Samuel Glover and other Marblehead Masons applied to him for a charter. Evidently the commission or warrant issued in 1760 had lapsed. Whether a regular charter had been granted our Lodge prior to Glover's application, we do not know for certain. The records mention only the commission given to Dr. Lowell. Grand Master Rowe granted Glover's petition, but this constitution was later forfeited because the Brethren failed to meet at least once in twelve months. Nearly a decade passed with no organized Freemasonry in town, and then on January 14, 1778, Grand Master Rowe issued to John Roads, Richard Harris, William Cole, Henry Saunders, Edward Fettyplace, Jeremiah Proctor, Peter Green, Samuel Reed and Nicholas Gorden the treasured old Charter now reposing in the vaults of the National Grand Bank.

THE FIRST ORIGINAL RECORD OF PHILANTHROPIC LODGE

Now we come to our Lodge's first original record. The ink is faded, the ancient paper yellowed with time, yet the beautiful handwriting of Secretary Saunders is as legible today as when he laid down the quill nearly two centuries ago. He writes:

Marblehead January 15th 1778

Agreabell to a New Constitution Granted by our Right Worshipfull Brother John Row Esq Grand Master for all North America Baring Date January the 14th 1778 of masonry 5778 our Right Worshipfull Brother Richard Harris Congregated the Brethren together at the Hous of the whido Kings and Formd them into a Regular Lodg and maid Choyce of Brother Edward Fittyplace for his Sen. Wardin and Brother John Roads for his Jun. Warden and Brother Edward Fittyplace for his Treasurer and Brother Henry Sanders for his Secetery and Brother Nicholas Sivry for his tiler.

Present

  • Brother Richard Harris master
  • Bro. Edward Fittyplace Sr Warden
  • Bro. John Roads Jun. Warden
  • Bro. Nicholas Gording
  • Bro. Jeremiah Procter
  • Bro. William Cole
  • Bro. Peter Green

No Bisness the Lodg was Closd in Due Form.

What exciting topics they must have discussed that January night after Lodge was closed! Washington's ragged army was freezing and starving amid the icy Pennsylvania hills around Valley Forge while Brethren of the Craft on sentry duty were tramping the snow with bleeding feet; discontent, disloyalty and corruption in high places were rife, and it seemed as though the cause of liberty were dying. Vehemently did our ancient founders of Philanthropic argue as they sat before the blazing logs of the lodge-room hearth puffing dense clouds of strong tobacco smoke from their long pipes and quaffing draught after draught of fiery rum punch.

OUR FIRST RECORDED DEGREE WORK

Six days after this first meeting three candidates for the degrees were voted into the Lodge — Captain Nicholas Ogalbe, David Stephenson and Jonathan Proctor. On the next night, January 22, 1778, occurs the first recorded degree work: "and was made Enterd aprinticeis Capt Nicholas Ogelbe, Mr. David Stephenson and Mr. Jonathan Proctor and Paid Brother Fittyplace Twenty One pounds" — showing that seven pounds was our first initiation fee. The first recorded use of the blackball was on February 16, 1778. The first record of the Fellowcraft Degree is dated March 5, 1778, when it was worked on Brothers Benjamin Reed, John Gerry, Samuel Russell Gerry, Samuel Trevett, Edmund Lewis and Swett Hooper, and, records the Secretary, "pipes and tobacker was furnished."

A month later, April 16, 1778, the Mystic Word of the Third Degree was pronounced for the first recorded time in Philanthropic Lodge when a class of eight Fellowcrafts was Raised by Worshipful Master Richard Harris. These were Nicholas Ogelbe, David Stephenson, Benjamin Reed, John Gerry, Edmund Lewis, Samuel Russell Gerry, Samuel Trevett and John Dixey, "and Paid Br Edward Fittyplace Nine Pounds Twelve Shillings". Evidently the fee for Raising was one pound four shillings.

INTERESTING SIDELIGHTS ON THE EARLY LODGE

Convivial souls indeed were the old Brethren of Philanthropic. Right merrily flowed the brimming bowl, as the following record indicates: "It was Agreed to pay Bro Burdick 3 shillings ahead for dinner, 6 pence for each Bottle Wine more than the First Cost, 2 shillings for a Bowl Punch and 1 shilling for a Bowl Grogg." Later is mentioned the appointment of certain Brothers as Stewards "for procuring Rum, Sugar, Candles, Bread & Cheese, Pipes & Tobacker."

All the Tiler had to furnish for the meetings was water, and it is hinted that this duty was not exactly burdensome. To fill the office of Tiler, by the way, the Lodge frequently went outside its membership, picked a man who they felt would be satisfactory, and then made him a Mason. Only members were supposed to know of the meetings and usually the only clue outsiders had was an occasional glimpse of the Tiler carrying a pail of water to the Lodge quarters late in the afternoon, or when some early riser saw one or two Brothers going home at sunrise, we will hope steady on their pins.

In those days Entered Apprentices were active in Lodge affairs, serving on committees and taking part in Lodge business, which was transacted on the First Degree. Lodge was opened on the Second or Third Degree only when those degrees were to be worked or applications received. Even after being Raised the Master Mason had to be formally voted into membership. There is no record of any investigating committee at this time, and sometimes if the ballot was clear, the candidate received not only the First, but the Second and Third Degrees the same night, particularly if he had to go to sea on short notice.

UNCONVENTIONAL INCIDENTS AND THE FIRST ST. JOHN'S DAY

Once a little matter of blackballing was handled in a highly original manner. Three times the ballot was not clear. The Lodge chose a committee to see if anything could be done about it (evidently the rejected applicant was popular!). This committee, with the wisdom of our ancient Brother Solomon, pronounced after grave deliberation, "Suspend the rule and admit the candidate." It was done, and then the rule was voted again into effect.

At times the combination of a hot head and hard liquor proved too explosive a compound for even Masonic amity to overcome. Secretary John Roads solemnly records in 1778 that when a somewhat heated dispute arose between two Brethren and they finally agreed to leave the decision to three other members, "Bro Ryan wishd Damnation might Seas his Sole if he Submitted to the Report of the Commity" if judgment favored his opponent.

The first death of a Philanthropic Brother is recorded April 21, 1778, when the Lodge voted to give Masonic burial to Henry Saunders, one of the Charter Members of 1760. As there was no other Lodge in the vicinity (there was none in Salem until 1779), it is not strange that we find mention as early as May 7, 1778, of men from other places joining the Marblehead Lodge. Several from Salem, one from Ipswich, and "Mr. William Obrian of mechias", probably Machias, Maine, are recorded.

On June 25, 1778, was held the first celebration of St. John's Day. A gathering of thirty-nine Brethren, including several visitors and Deputy Grand Master Moses Deshon, "walked from the Lodg in Procession to the Rev William Whitwels meating hous where we had an oration Deliverd by Bro John Barnard Sweatt and after the Singing of the 133 & 134 Psalms we walkd in the above order to Bro Peter Greens and theire Celebrated the Feast and at Seven o Clock Returnd to the Lodg and at Eight o Clock the Bisness being Finishd the Lodg was Closd in Due Form."

PHILANTHROPIC'S REVOLUTIONARY HEROES AND OUR HISTORIC SQUARE AND COMPASS

Although the Revolution was raging while these first records of our Lodge were being written, we find scarcely any allusion to the struggle in them. The first and about the only reference occurs October 14, 1778, four months after Washington had won the Battle of Monmouth, when "a Committee of three was appointed to Wait upon the agents of the Privetear Raven to Parole Bro Laborn and Bro Hunter."

The square and compasses used in Philanthropic Lodge are of decided Revolutionary interest, however. On May 17, 1776, Capt. James Mugford of Marblehead, cruising in Massachusetts Bay in the armed schooner Franklin, one of Washington's cruisers, overtook and carried by boarding the British munitions ship Hope, laden with powder, muskets and cannon-carriages for the British army. This was like a gift from the gods for the American forces besieging Boston for they were in dire want of weapons and ammunition. James Topham of Marblehead, ship's carpenter of the Franklin, saw a handsome square and compasses in the cabin of the Hope and realizing their usefulness in his official duties, took them from the prize. Would that we could say that Mugford or Topham was a Mason, but so far as we know, not a member of the Franklin 's crew belonged to the Craft. Topham's son, however, who many years later presented the historic square and compasses of the Hope to the Lodge, was raised in Philanthropic in 1861.

These ancient implements, handsomely engraved, are an object of keen interest to all visitors to our Lodge, and were inspected with great curiosity by the twenty-four British Masons from H. M. S. Capetown at their reception in August 1929.

Many are the names illustrious in Revolutionary history appearing in these early records of Philanthropic. To cite but one example, when in February 1781 the Lodge was compelled by the need of larger quarters to move from the Widow King's to the house of Peter Jayne, on the committee in charge of arrangements were Colonel William R. Lee, whose gallant fighting record in Washington's army was famous; Samuel Sewall, later Chief Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Court; Captain Samuel R. Trevett, who commanded a Continental company in many bloody actions; and Dr. Elisha Story, the renowned surgeon who distinguished himself at Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill. Another of Washington's officers, Captain Joshua Orne, was also prominent in the affairs of the Lodge as well as in the Provincial Congress. General Glover, Captain Fettyplace, John Pulling and Richard Harris we have already mentioned.

And so we might go on. The membership roster of Philanthropic Lodge in those thrilling days reads like Marblehead's honor roll of eminent patriots and leading citizens.

CHARITY, "HARD DOLERS" AND 16 CORDS OF WOOD

At the St. John's Day celebration in 1779 the Brethren of the newly-formed Essex Lodge in Salem were guests. An oration was delivered by Brother Elisha Story at Rev. Isaac Story's "meating hous", a banquet was served at Brother Peter Green's, and on the return to the Lodge a present of "378 Dolers" was made to a member in distress.

Evidently the Lodge lived up to the name it was later to receive (the name "Philanthropic" does not appear until 1797), for numerous other instances of charity are recorded. The amounts seem exceedingly generous until one reflects that the donations were usually paper money and it took about a hundred paper dollars to equal a single silver one. The national coinage was in a much confused state, and there are many records of dues paid partly in pounds and shillings, partly in paper, and partly in "hard dolers". The rent paid for the use of Peter Jayne's large upstairs room was twelve pounds in money and sixteen cords of wood per annum.

This early home of our Lodge is still standing. It is the old Prentiss House at No. 37 Mugford Street. It appears to have been difficult to find satisfactory quarters in those years. For a time meetings were held at the house of Brother Burdick, and later at the Widow Payne's.

At the expiration of his third year, in 1781, Worshipful Master Richard Harris, who had not only guided the infant Lodge ably and wisely during its formative period but had also distinguished himself as an artilleryman in Paul Revere's corps, as selectman of the town and its first federal Collector of Customs, refused to accept another term in the East. So great was the prestige of Col. William R. Lee, one of the Lodge's most active members, that although he was not an officer, he was elected Master. But he declined, and Senior Warden Samuel R. Trevett was chosen Philanthropic's third Master in 1781. He was succeeded by Dr. Elisha Story in 1782.

The winter of 1783-84 must have been an unusually rigorous one, for several times it is recorded "No Lodge it being very cold". These old Brethren were deeply interested in the ritual and traditions of the Craft, as is shown by their vote to devote the second Thursday in each quarter to Masonic lecturing. And as many of them were men active in state and town affairs, the social gatherings at the close of the Lodge were open forms for the intelligent discussion of the momentous questions agitating the young nation.

OUR LODGE RECEIVES ITS NAME

From April 20, 1786, to February 1, 1797, there is a break in the records. If the Lodge met at all during those eleven years, there is no mention of it. Just why meetings were given up is not definitely known. Probably for lack of interest. On June 12, 1797, our Lodge was formally received under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, which voted that "the Name of the Lodge meeting in Marblehead from henceforward be Called the PHILANTHROPIC LODGE." With this annotation upon it, signed by Grand Master Paul Revere and Grand Secretary Daniel Oliver, the ancient Charter issued by Grand Master Rowe in 1778 was returned to our Lodge, which through all the previous thirty-seven years of its existence had been known only as the "Marblehead Lodge".

We must explain here that there were originally two Grand Lodges in Massachusetts — the St. John's Grand Lodge, chartered by the Grand Lodge of England and organized by Henry Price in 1733, and the Massachusetts Provincial Grand Lodge, formed by Joseph Warren in 1769 and chartered by the Grand Lodge of Scotland. These two rival Grand Lodges combined in 1792 to form the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, entirely independent of either the English or Scottish Grand Lodges. Until 1797 our Lodge had been under the jurisdiction of the St. John's Grand Lodge, which had originally granted its Charter.

The first Grand Lodge visitation recorded in Philanthropic records occurred November 23, 1798. Dr. Elisha Story as Master received Grand Master Josiah Bartlett and his suite of nine Grand Lodge officers, one of whom was Paul Revere. A Grand Lodge was formally opened at seven p.m. and closed at nine, but nothing is said as to what transpired.

The dawn of the nineteenth century was marked in Philanthropic by a solemn Masonic service lamenting the death of "our illustrious and beloved Bro. General Geo. Washington", at which Brother Joseph Story, who afterwards won honors as Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, delivered "an elegeant and well adapted Eulogy on his Life & Virtues". It was voted "that the Brethren ware black Crape edged with blue Ribbon on the left Arm for thirty days as a Badge of Mourning on this Sorrowful & Melancholy Occasion". St. John's Day was celebrated for the first time out of town on June 24, 1801, when "At high Twelve the Brethren proceeded to the Widow Phillips', Lyn, where they dined together and spent the afternoon in that Social & Friendly manner which ought ever to Subsist among Brothers & Fellows."

Now occurs another unexplained break in the records — from May 4, 1803, to January 10, 1809. Whether the records of these six years have been lost or no records were kept during this period, no one knows. Grand Lodge records show that Philanthropic was represented at the communications of the supreme body in September and December, 1803; March and December, 1804; and December of 1805. So at least our Lodge was not wholly dead during those years.

A CANDIDATE'S MISSING HAND AGITATES THE LODGE

An unusual incident during the mastership of Ralph H. French, who succeeded Dr. Story in 1809, is worth mention. After receiving application from a candidate, the members argued long and fervently over the propriety of initiating him, for he had lost his right hand. Finally it was agreed to consult the Grand Lodge. The answer was favorable, but the unfortunate candidate was blackballed notwithstanding, whether because of his missing hand or not is not clear.

The worthy Secretary strikes another human note when he records that the committee investigating the charges brought by a certain Brother against another "are of Opinion that the Parties are equally Guilty of Gross Misconduct & Beastly Intoxication and ought to be Suspended from this Lodge", which was promptly done.

BARBARY CORSAIRS AND THE WAR OF 1812

Ebenezer G. Evans followed W.. M. French in the East in 1810, and the next year John Candler took the Chair. An echo of the outrages of the Barbary corsairs resounds in our records in 1811, when at a special communication "The R.W. Master informed the Brethren that a Brother from a Foreign Lodge was sent to Crave the Assistance of Lodges in this Country to enable them to raise a sufficient Sum of Money to purchas the Libertys of some Unfortunate Brethren now Prisoners in Algeers." A collection was taken but how much was raised is not stated.

The hated Embargo Act, domestic distress and the impending war with Great Britain were all reflected in loss of interest in the Lodge, and we are not surprised to find that at a meeting on January 23, 1812, attended by only a dozen members it was "Voted that a committee of three be chosen to select such Articles as belong to the Grand Lodge and return them with the Charter." The faithful Tiler was not forgotten, for to him were bequeathed all the candles and liquor left in the Lodge!

Nine years went by — years in which Philanthropic Brethren shed their blood on the decks of Old Ironsides and in countless privateer and frigate actions, or rotted in Dartmoor and the British prison hulks at Portsmouth and Southampton. Then, on April 2, 1821, a little group of twelve met and agreed to reestablish Philanthropic Lodge. A week later they organized with John Bartlett as Master, and on June 13, 1821, Grand Master John Dixwell formally restored our old Charter.

SOME AMUSING INCIDENTS OF THE OLDEN DAYS

We must smile at something that happened in 1822. At the beginning of a meeting the alarming discovery was made that the records were not in the Lodge. A Brother was dispatched posthaste in pursuit of them and found them at the house of the Secretary, where, alas, they were delivered to the messenger by the fair hands of the Secretary's sister! In consequence of this sad offense, the unfortunate Secretary was forthwith deposed from office, much to the grief of your present historian, who found the next Secretary's penmanship very trying on his eyes.

There used to be an old saying in Marblehead, "It always rains when the Masons walk." And it certainly did, with a vengeance, at the St. John's Day celebration of 1822. Guests had arrived from Essex, Jordan and Mount Carmel Lodges, a bountiful feast was waiting at the Fort, and lo! "the rain poured down in torrents and perfectly spoiled the arrangements of the day." But the good Secretary piously says that as the earth was dry and vegetation suffering, "the Brethren one and all received the disappointment as a Blessing from Heaven, considering the day thus particularly honored". I trust the worthy Brother did not write this with his tongue in his cheek.

The Lodge sometimes acted to settle domestic disputes and private squabbles in those homely days. For instance, it is recorded that "some uneasiness" between two Brethren occasioned by the impolite remarks of one about the other's grand-daughter was ironed out in open Lodge to general satisfaction.

At the laying of the corner-stone of the Bunker Hill Monument, June 17, 1825, a delegation from Philanthropic assisted the Grand Lodge officers. General Lafayette was present, and Secretary Isaac Collyer writes that "it was contemplated there was the largest assembly of people that ever met at one time in the United States of America."

FAMOUS SHIPMASTERS JOIN PHILANTHROPIC's RANKS

Naturally seafaring men had formed a large proportion of our Lodge membership ever since its founding, but with the accession to the Master's Chair in 1825 of Captain Josiah P. Creesey, the famous commander of the world-renowned clipper ship "Flying Cloud", came a procession of noted sea captains to receive the Light of Freemasonry in Philanthropic's halls. Among the veteran mariners Raised in 1826, for example, were Captains John Pitman, William Bartoll and William Hammond —- names known in ports from Liverpool to Calcutta and Shanghai. Worshipful Master Creesey was followed by Samuel S. Trefry in 1828 and John Traill in 1829. By this time we notice signs of lessened interest in the Lodge. The anti-Masonic propaganda which swept the country after the disappearance of William Morgan was having its effect in Marblehead. Attendance at meetings dropped off, regular monthly communications were abandoned, and the funds of the Lodge sank so low that the beautiful chandelier which had adorned the lodge-room for a long time was sold at auction for $50 in the desperate attempt to raise money. Finally, after it was found impossible to agree on reduced rent with the Free School Association, in whose hall the meetings were held, the sixteen members present on May 21, 1834, voted to surrender the Charter, and Philanthropic joined the three thousand other Masonic Lodges forced out of existence by blind and unjust prejudice. We had at that time thirty-four members.

The hall of the Free School Association, by the way, where our Lodge had been meeting for some time, was in the dwelling house still standing at No. 10 Tucker Street, at the head of Mason Street.

Eleven years passed, gradually the feeling against Freemasonry subsided, and on March 12, 1845, Grand Master Augustus Peabody returned the ancient Charter to twenty loyal Craftsmen headed by John Bartlett as Master, the By-Laws were revised, and once more old Philanthropic was at work.

At this time it was the rule to meet on the Monday before the full moon. Public installations of the officers were frequently held, accompanied by an oration and music. In 1847 the leakage of private Masonic matters to the town's street corners caused the Lodge considerable worry, and a committee was appointed to try to discover the source. Although these worthy sleuths made no report to the Lodge, they evidently did not go to sleep on the job, for there were no more leaks. They had worked "with silence and circumspection".

THE RECORD-BREAKING MASTERSHIP OF DAVID BLANEY

On December 26, 1846, David Blaney ascended the East for a term that was destined to be unique in length among the Masters of Philanthropic Lodge. Not till 1858 was this excellent Worshipful Master allowed to give up the gavel, and the following year he was presented with the first Past Master's Jewel ever bestowed by the Lodge. During his twelve consecutive years in office, the degree work of Philanthropic was so outstanding that we repeatedly exemplified it by request in other Lodges.

It was at this time that the Lodge established a committee of two "to prevent any difficulty or disagreement which may be apprehended or already exist between any Brethren of the Lodge". It is rumored that this little arbitration board had its hands full! Those were the days of fervid and flowery oratory. Witness the example of Brother Huntoon, who, returning to the Lodge after a long illness, pours forth his joy and gratitude at his recovery in an "impressive and butiful address" to his doubtless bored and restless Brethren.

On February 23, 1858, James B. Topham presented to the Lodge through Brother Joseph Goodwin the historic compasses captured by Captain Mugford in 1776 as described earlier in these pages. At that time the square accompanying the compasses had been mislaid, but several years later, after he had joined the Lodge, Brother Topham found the square and gave it to Philanthropic on November 13, 1862. St. John's Day in 1858 was celebrated on the Neck, the members "meeting at Appleton Wharf at Ten o'Clock and there conveyed to land adjoining Brother Darling's, the Keeper of the Light House", where they partook of a goodly collation of meats, fried fish and chowder supplied by Samuel Goodwin.

FOR THE FIRST TIME WE CELEBRATE AN ANNIVERSARY

The 100th Anniversary of Philanthropic was celebrated on Monday evening, March 26, 1860, during the mastership of Dr. H. H. F. Whittemore, who succeeded Worshipful Brother Blaney in 1859. Lodge was opened on the First Degree, there being an Entered Apprentice present, and after the singing of an original ode by a choir of Brethren and the reading of the Charter by W. M. Whittemore, the Craft were called from Labor to Refreshment and sat down to a banquet.

Speeches and toasts enlivened the occasion. Brother M. J. Doak was toastmaster, and the glasses were lifted to Freemasonry, The Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, Masonic Union, The Day We Celebrate, and last, but we will hope not least, The Ladies. Worshipful Brother Blaney, the only living Past Master of the Lodge, Right Worshipful Brother Huntoon and the officers and members responded to the toasts and joined wholeheartedly in the jovial festivities. In conclusion, the Brethren, joining hands in the ancient English custom, made the rafters ring with "Auld Lang Syne" and then closed Philanthropic Lodge in due form. At that time it had sixty-two members.

Michael J. Doak was elected Master at the close of 1862. Whatever the feelings of the Brethren may have been in regard to liquor drinking, they evidently did not approve of a member's selling it, for the records of 1864 mention the suspension of a Brother for unMasonic conduct in "keeping a place where liquors are sold at retail to the injury of Masonry".

CIVIL WAR REFERENCES IN OUR RECORDS: THE LAST SURRENDER OF THE CHARTER

Though the Civil War had been in progress for three years and a large number of Philanthropies Brethren were fighting in the Union forces on sea and land, we find no allusion to the struggle until June 14, 1864, when it was voted "to loan the hall to the Ladies working in aid of the soldiers". Five months later the Lodge met to give Masonic burial to Samuel Goodwin, dead of wounds received in the bloody thickets of the Wilderness; and at a special communication November 11, 1864, it was agreed to remit the dues of the Brothers in the service. These are the only direct references to the Civil War in our records.

Jonathan Cole succeeded Worshipful Brother Doak as Master in 1867, and was followed by Benjamin Pitman in 1868. Then William H. Wormstead assumed the East at the end of 1872, serving the Lodge in the years 1873 and 1874. In 1870 Philanthropic showed her sisterly spirit toward Atlantic Lodge of Odd Fellows by giving the younger fraternity the temporary use of Masonic Hall, and the same year an organ was purchased for use in the work. An unusual incident took place in 1872, when a special meeting was called to honor Brother Peter J. Rodgers, who was celebrating that day not only his 80th birthday, but his 50th anniversary as a Freemason.

At the conclusion of Worshipful Master Wormstead's term in 1875, the Lodge turned for the second time to M. J. Doak for its presiding officer. And now the old Lodge once more passes through one of those periods of inactivity from which it has never failed to come back stronger and more enthusiastic than ever before. For some time prior to 1876, the records clearly indicate that interest is lagging, attendance dropping off, and the Lodge having difficulty in meeting its bills. Many members were badly in arrears, and after struggling along valiantly for many months, a faithful band of nineteen Brethren met under Worshipful Master Doak on October 31, 1876, and sorrowfully voted to again surrender the Charter.

THE FINAL RETURN OF THE ANCIENT CHARTER

But this interregnum lasted less than four years. On March 10, 1880, at the petition of the Marblehead Brethren, Grand Master Alfred A. Welch signed the order restoring once more our much-travelled Charter. May it never be surrendered again!

The popular Michael Doak was elected Master for the third time on April 20, 1880, and Philanthropic resumed full activities with bustling energy. At the May communication, held in Odd Fellows' Hall, Grand Master Welch, with a large suite, formally returned the Charter while delegations from the Salem and Beverly Lodges looked on with friendly interest. From the very first attendance was good and keen interest shown. In 1881 the Lodge adopted Grand Army Hall as its quarters and the following year voted for the first time to join the other Lodges in the district in the exemplification of the work.

Worshipful Brother Pitman began his second term in the Oriental Chair in 1881, and following him came William W. Dodge in 1882, Horace Goodwin in 1883 and William D. T. Trefry in 1885.

CELEBRATION OF THE 125TH ANNIVERSARY

Now we come to the 125th Anniversary of the Lodge. It was celebrated at a special communication on April 2, 1885. Some fifty members were present with their ladies, and the Grand Lodge was represented by Right Worshipful Brothers Israels, Norris and Hill, about two hundred in all attending. Remarks by Worshipful Master Horace Goodwin were followed by selections by a quartet, the reading of a most interesting historical sketch of the Lodge by Secretary Stephen P. Hathaway, more music, the recital of a poem, and then an entertainment of feats of magic. After that the company marched to Rechabite Hall, where they were regaled with an elaborate spread replete with toasts and speech making. Not till after midnight did the festivities end. So prosperous was Philanthropic at this time that at the visitation of the District Deputy Grand Master in 1885 he informed the gathering that our returns to the Grand Lodge were the largest in the district. It was felt that bigger quarters must be had, and on September 21, 1886, the Lodge moved from Grand Army Hall to the new Lefavour Building at the southwest corner of School and Pleasant Streets. A feature of the visitation in 1886 was the presentation by Grand Chaplain Israel, acting on behalf of the Grand Lodge and the Masters of the district, of a handsome Bible for use in the work, while the District Deputy congratulated the Lodge on the excellence of its apartments.

At the public installation of Worshipful Master Frank Lackey in 1888, the St. Helena Ladies' Society through their President, Mrs. James K. Beede, presented the Lodge with a fine new organ, and an entertainment of music, reading and speaking, followed by refreshments, closed a delightful evening.

PHILANTHROPIC LOSES ITS HOME IN THE LAST GREAT FIRE

Not long was the Lodge to enjoy its new home in the Lefavour Building. On Christmas night in 1888 the last of Marblehead's great fires swept through the center of the town and one of the first buildings to go was Masonic Hall. So fierce and swift were the flames that nothing was saved but the Three Great Lights, the precious Charter and the records. To the gallantry of Capt. John Cole, our Treasurer, who dashed through the raging fire at the risk of his life, is due the rescue of the Great Lights. Jewels, furniture and the new organ — all were destroyed, a loss of about $2,000, half covered by insurance.

But even such a calamity as this could not crush our ancient Lodge. Five days after the fire, while the rubbish of the Temple was still smoking, twenty-six Brethren met at the home of Wor. Brother Lackey on Beacon Street and set about repairing the losses and securing a new meeting place. Contributions and expressions of sympathy poured in from all the Masonic bodies in the vicinity. The Brethren took heart and went to work. Soon the Salem Lodges offered the use of their quarters, and after one meeting in the rooms of the Lodge of Templars in the Grader Block, our meetings were transferred to Salem on February 19, 1889. There communications were held until August 6, when the Lodge accepted the brotherly offer of Atlantic Lodge, I. O. O. F., for the use of its hall in Marblehead.

AN UNUSUAL EPISODE AND A FEAST OF FUN

This same year Emery Brown took the Oriental Chair. A rather unique incident happened in 1890. At a special communication formal objections were made by certain members to the Entering of one candidate and the Crafting of another, although both had been favorably balloted upon for the degrees. The objections were found valid by the Lodge and neither candidate received his degree. Shortly afterward it was voted to hire quarters in the Gregory Block — provided the back door could be fixed to lock safely! — and the Lodge moved into that building May 20, 1890. At the July meeting that year, attended by only fourteen Brethren, the Secretary eloquently writes in explanation of the brevity of his record, "Temperature 93".

During the mastership of Stephen W. Power, who took office in 1891, the Lodge several times enjoyed banquets in Hibernian Hall, one hundred and twenty men sitting down at one of these affairs. Secretary Hathaway records that the installation of Benjamin Cole, Jr., in 1893 was "a rare affair", and when we read that the inimitable "Hoddie" Broughton played the star role in the entertainment and banquet, those of us fortunate enough to have known that genius of mimicry and humor can readily grasp the significance of "Steve Put's" comment.

P. Howard Shirley became Master in 1895. When in 1897 a Brother from Jordan Lodge presents Philanthropic with a picture commemorating the 100th Anniversary in 1860, Secretary Hathaway writes that out of six members present at the centennial celebration, five were in the lodge-room at the presentation of this picture thirty-seven years later. Wor. Master Shirley was succeeded by George P. Graves in 1897.

WHAT HAPPENED WHEN DRESS SUITS FIRST APPEARED

An amusing episode took place at this time. It was decided that for the sake of dressing up the degree work a bit the officers should all wear evening clothes. This had never been done before in our Lodge. Accordingly the officers all appeared resplendent in the glory of "soup-and-fish", three candidates were waiting in the anteroom, and balloting began. Then to the consternation of the dress-suited officers, one after another the candidates were blackballed! There was no work, there was no business — the officers were "all dressed up with no place to go" — and the evening was totally ruined. Rumor hath it that a wag cast the blackballs as a crack at the evening clothes. The rejected candidates were admitted without trouble at the next meeting.

During Worshipful Brother Graves' tenure a committee was appointed to seek new quarters for the Lodge and reported that the best place obtainable was in the new building being erected by Brother George S. Goss at the corner of Pleasant and School Streets. On this committee were Brothers W. D. T. Trefry, Winthrop Brown and Benjamin Cole, Jr.

PHILANTHROPIC MOVES INTO THE OSBORNE BUILDING

The first meeting in the Goss building, now owned by F. Morris Osborne, was held on March 20, 1900, with Worshipful Master Brown presiding, and to candidates John G. Broughton and George D. Boles fell the honor of receiving the first degrees conferred there. The new hall was pronounced one of the best-furnished Masonic apartments in the district. Fifteen hundred dollars was spent on its furnishings.

A few days later, on March 27, the new hall was formally dedicated at the 140th Anniversary celebration of Philanthropic Lodge. At four in the afternoon Grand Master Charles T. Gallagher and his suite of Grand Lodge officers began the impressive ceremonies of Masonic dedication, the Harvard Quartet and Salem Cadet Orchestra furnishing the beautiful musical setting to the words of the ritual. When the ringing proclamation of the Grand Marshal closed the ceremony, Past Master W. D. T. Trefry gave an address on the first forty years of Masonry in the Lodge and read the letter of Dr. John Lowell, our first Master, quoted in full at the beginning of this history. With many guests the Lodge then sat down to a fine banquet, and the celebration closed with an entertainment and dancing till Low Twelve.

Evidently social interest was lively among the Brethren at that time, for three months later we find the first record of an attempt to form a Masonic Club, a committee reporting that fifty members wished to join. What resulted is not revealed in the records.

An interesting feature of the public installation of Wor. Master George S. Goss and his officers in 1901 was the presentation to Brother John Cole of a Past Treasurer's Jewel in recognition of his twenty years' service. Charles Goodwin ascended the East in 1903. The next year it was decided to have the old records of the Lodge copied, but work on this seems to have ceased after it had been completed through February 25, 1779.

THE LODGE CELEBRATES ITS 145TH ANNIVERSARY

The first outstanding event of Charles Goodwin's mastership was the 145th Anniversary of Philanthropic, observed on March 24, 1905.

Festivities commenced with a reception to lady friends and other guests in the afternoon. Then a procession was formed, with Brother Thomas T. Lyon as Marshal, and the party entered the banquet hall, where a splendid repast was served. Worshipful Master Goodwin gave a short address on the history of the Lodge and speeches followed by Past Grand Master Gallagher and other Grand Lodge representatives, who united in praise of our ancient Lodge, its finely appointed quarters and prosperous condition. An entertainment was given by Boston talent and dancing to music of the Salem Cadet Orchestra ensued till midnight. One hundred and sixty-two members and guests were present, including Past Masters Goss, Trefry, Winthrop Brown, Benjamin Cole, Jr., and George P. Graves.

LAYING OF THE FEDERAL BUILDING CORNER-STONE

Another never-to-be-forgotten event in our history was the laying of the corner-stone of Marblehead's new Federal Building on September 28, 1905.

Worshipful Master Charles Goodwin and his officers received Grand Master Sanford and suite of twenty-four high Masonic dignitaries at two in the afternoon, and headed by the Lynn Cadet Band, the imposing procession of Grand Lodge officers and guests, one hundred and twenty-four Brethren of the Lodge, the Board of Selectmen led by Chairman John N. Osborne, Postmaster B. F. Martin, the architect and Federal Supervisor of Construction, marched from Masonic Hall to the corner of Pleasant and Watson Streets. A box containing interesting souvenirs was deposited and the corner-stone laid by the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts with full Masonic ritual. An address was delivered by Worshipful Brother William H. Rider of Gloucester, and then the procession returned to Masonic Hall, where Brethren and guests refreshed themselves with a banquet. Toasts and speeches by federal, town and Masonic officials closed the day.

The writer of this chronicle, then a lad of fifteen, witnessed the laying of this corner-stone, and as it was the first Masonic ceremony he had ever seen, the event made an unforgettable impression upon his memory. Two months later the trowel used in the exercises was presented to our Lodge by Brother Edward W. Doherty.

A SOUVENIR OF "OLD IRONSIDES" AND A FIFTY-YEAR SECRETARYSHIP

In 1905 Horace B. Gardner succeeded Worshipful Brother Goodwin. It was during his term of office that Past Master Benjamin Pitman gave the Lodge a gavel of wood from the glorious old frigate "Constitution", on whose decks many Brethren of Philanthropic had fought in the War of 1812. Edward G. Brown took the Master's Chair in 1908. The next year is recorded the working of the Third Degree by a staff of Past Masters composed of Worshipful Brothers Trefry, Emery Brown, Graves, Pitman, Goodwin, Cole, Winthrop Brown and Gardner. A pleasant feature of the annual meeting in 1909 was a reception to Brother Samuel Cox on the occasion of his 60th anniversary as a Mason.

Secretary of the Lodge for nearly half a century, under over a score of Masters, the beloved Stephen P. Hathaway was forced by the weight of advancing years to relinquish the active duties of his office in 1909, and at the November communication he was presented by the Lodge with a handsome Secretary's Jewel and a resolution expressing the love and esteem of his Brethren.

PRESENTATION OF THE PULLING DIPLOMA

Clinton A. Ferguson became Master in 1909, and at the February communication in 1910, Past Grand Master Edwin B. Holmes presented the Lodge with a framed photograph of the diploma granted by Philanthropic on June 9, 1761, to John Pulling, the distinguished patriot and friend of Paul Revere whose lantern hung in the steeple of the Old North Church in Boston started Revere on his great ride. During the presentation of the diploma, Right Worshipful Brother Holmes spoke most interestingly, lauding the exploits of the many Revolutionary heroes who received the Light of Freemasonry in Philanthropic Lodge and warmly congratulating the ancient Lodge on its splendid record of patriotism in the nation's struggles for liberty. At this memorable meeting, one hundred and eighteen members were present and the guests included Grand Master Dana J. Flanders and his suite.

This same year the Lodge sent fraternal greetings to its namesakes in England, Philanthropic Lodge No. 107 of King's Lynn and Philanthropic Lodge No. 304 of Leeds. In due course the greeting was returned.

THE OBSERVANCE OF OUR 150TH ANNIVERSARY

The 150th Anniversary was celebrated in ceremonies lasting three days in March, 1910. On Sunday, the 20th, three hundred members and guests, including the Grand Master and suite and Brethren from many neighboring Lodges, attended divine services at the Old North Church, where the sermon was preached by Rev. Bro. George L. Cady, D. D., Pastor of Pilgrim Congregational Church of Dorchester. Music was furnished by the Weber Sextet and Brother Clinton Bessom, Organist, and an anniversary hymn was written for the occasion by Mrs. Edward G. Brown. The following day, Monday, a reception was tendered in Abbot Hall to the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts and five hundred people sat down to a banquet. Grand Master Flanders and others spoke at the conclusion of the feast, and festivities ended with an entertainment and dancing. On Tuesday, Lodge convened at 7:30 p.m. and one hundred and sixty-one members answered the roll called by the venerable Secretary-Emeritus Hathaway. Letters were read from absent Brethren and an historical address given by Chaplain W. D. T. Trefry, followed by remarks from nine of our Past Masters.

A banquet in the dining hall came next, and then an entertainment of sleight of hand and magic, songs and monologues and piano selections. Not till long after Low Twelve did the Brethren wend their ways homeward. Our Lodge received another honor in 1911, when Past Master Edward G. Brown was appointed the first District Deputy Grand Master of the newly-constituted Eighth Masonic District, comprising, besides Philanthropic, Essex and Starr King Lodges of Salem, Golden Fleece, Mount Carmel and Damascus of Lynn, and Jordan of Peabody.

At the following communication in February resolutions were passed on the death of Past Master Doak, whose eight years in the East are surpassed only by the twelve years of David Blaney. The feature of the annual meeting in 1911 was the highly interesting remarks of Brother Samuel Cox, then our oldest member, Raised in 1849, and Secretary-Emeritus Hathaway. Harry G. Trefry became Master in 1911, followed by Charles H. King in 1914.

ANOTHER ANNIVERSARY ROLLS AROUND

Now we come to another milestone in our history — the 155th Anniversary. It was observed March 25, 1915. R. W. Brother W. D. T. Trefry, Past Deputy Grand Master, spoke on the early history of the Lodge, and Grand Master Melvin M. Johnson gave an impressive address on Freemasonry. He then presented our 96-year-old Brother Samuel Cox with the Henry Price Centennial Medal. A fund of $100, raised through the efforts of Brother Edward W. Doherty of Washington, D. C, for the purchase of a cabinet to hold Masonic relics, was presented by Brother Joseph G. Green, and a banquet and minstrel show put on by twenty-two members of the Lodge closed proceedings.

Philanthropic took part in the laying of the corner-stone of the Salem Masonic Temple on June 24, 1915, and was honored in the selection of R.W. Brother W. D. T. Trefry as toastmaster of the banquet held in Cadet Armory.

Harrie K. Nutting was installed Master in 1915, followed by Richard T. Cole in 1917. The annual meeting in 1919 was notable for the presence of twenty members returned from military and naval service in the first World War.

Amos H. Humphrey began his mastership in 1919, followed by J. Edgar Parker in 1921, Arthur L. Swasey in 1923 and Ackley R. Slee in 1924.

THE FAMOUS OLD BANNER OF PHILANTHROPIC

In observance of our 165th Anniversary a banquet and entertainment were held at Odd Fellows' Hall on March 24, 1925, and Past Grand Master Arthur D. Prince spoke to the one hundred and eighty-three members and guests present on Freemasonry in the Orient. Rufus L. Titus moved into the Master's seat the same year, and Arthur M. Humphrey succeeded him in 1927.

An unusual incident occurred at the April meeting in 1928, when William H. Wormstead and Joseph S. Wormstead, brothers in blood as well as in Freemasonry, were both presented with the Masonic Veteran's Medal by R.W . Walter L. Williams, District Deputy Grand Master. In the course of remarks during the June 1928 communication, Worshipful Master Arthur Humphrey displayed in the Lodge a flag carried around the world aboard the ship of Brother Captain John Cole, flown at the St. John's Day-festivities of 1860 and over the army tent of Captain Knott V. Martin encamped at Relay House, Maryland, in the stirring days of '61, and also borne by the Lodge at the dedication of the new Federal Building in 1905. This banner bore the Blue Lodge emblem strikingly blazoned on a field of white.

THE RECEPTION TO THE BRITISH MASONS

August 26, 1929, was a red-letter day in Philanthropic's history, for it marks the reception given to the Masonic Brethren from His Britannic Majesty's Cruiser Capetown, visiting Marblehead harbor in connection with the 300th anniversary celebration of the town.

In the afternoon refreshments were served the British Brethren in the Lodge dining hall, and they were cordially welcomed and shown the interesting historical relics of the Lodge, including the famous square and compasses captured from H. M. S. Hope in the Revolution. At seven in the evening nearly four hundred members and guests with the twenty-four British Masons feasted together in I. O. O. F. Hall, where Past Grand Master Leon M. Abbott, Soverign Grand Commander of the Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite, formally welcomed the Capetown sailors. Brother J. S. Matthias responded for the Britons. The Third Degree was then worked, Past Master Amos H. Humphrey delivering one of his famous charges to the candidate. The British Brethren individually extended the fraternal greetings of their respective Lodges across the sea, and Brother Manning of the Capetown 's crew spoke impressively to the candidate on the meaning of Freemasonry. At the conclusion of the ceremonies Brother Matthias thanked Philanthropic Lodge very gracefully for the courtesies shown his fellow Britons, and presented the Lodge with a framed picture of H.M.S. Capetown bearing the autographs of the visitors. Worshipful Master Humphrey in accepting assured the Englishmen that it would be cherished as a valuable remembrance of their visit.

Before the Lodge closed, R. W. Brother Rufus L. Titus was presented by the Lodge with a District Deputy Grand Master's Jewel, and by Worshipful Master Humphrey and Wor. Brother F. J. Needham with a gavel. Brother Titus was much touched by these expressions of high esteem and responded in his usual happy vein.

William L. Nickerson followed Arthur Humphrey as Master in 1929. During his term the 170th Anniversary was commemorated with a turkey supper on March 18, 1930, at which seventeen Brothers with thirty-five or more years of membership to their credit were guests. At the next communication a committee was appointed to plan for the 175th Anniversary celebration in 1935.

MEMBERSHIP STATISTICS COMPILED AND LODGE REDECORATED

During the January meeting in 1931, Rev. Bro. H. G. Hale, acting on behalf of Brother Jonathan T. Brown, presented the Lodge with a set of dividers and square made over fifty years previously and finished by Brother Brown at the age of eighty-four, when he had completed a half-century of membership.

In 1931, also, Secretary Arthur Humphrey finished the arduous task of compiling the names of all persons appearing on the Lodge records since its founding in 1760. These records showed a grand total of 1,167 members past and present.

Chester M. Damon became Master in 1931. During his occupancy of the East the much-needed redecoration of the lodge-room was completed. An incident unique in our annals occurred in 1932, when for the first time Philanthropic's walls echoed to the majestic words of the ritual uttered in a foreign tongue. At the April meeting, by special invitation, the officers of Germania Lodge of Boston worked the Master Mason's Degree in German on Brother August Amandus Hans Reinecke. The large and deeply interested gathering agreed that it was fine work, most impressively and eloquently done.

Clarence E. Chapman was installed as Master in 1933. Two years later, 1935, was a milestone in the history of Philanthropic Lodge. For that year our Lodge celebrated its 175th Anniversary.

THE 175TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION

The first event in the program of the anniversary celebration was church services at the First Congregational Church on Sunday afternoon, March 17. A procession was formed at the Lodge apartments composed of 153 members of the Lodge, 14 of its Past Masters, 14 of its officers, 53 guests, and 24 officers of the Grand Lodge headed by Most Worshipful Claude L. Allen, Grand Master of Masons in Massachusetts. This procession marked to the church, where a sermon was delivered by Right Worshipful the Reverend Frederick W. Hamilton, Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge. There were remarks by Worshipful Clarence E. Chapman, an invocation by Rev. Dwight L. Cart, and responsive reading by Brother and Reverend Edward H. Cotton, with prayer by Brother the Reverend Frank W. Merrick. Music was supplied by the Unity Quartet with Miss Frances Foskette. soprano, and Brother Alexander E. Cleary, organist. An annniversary hymn written for the occasion by Mrs. Edward G. Brown was sung to the tune of Federal Street.

On Tuesday evening, March 19, the anniversary was celebrated at the Lodge apartments during the 1350th regular communication of Philanthropic Lodge. A buffet supper was served to 272 Brethren, with extra refreshments supplied by the "Old Timers' Committee". The Most Worshipful Grand Master and a Grand Lodge suite of eighteen distinguished Masons were present, and the guests also included nine presiding Masters of neighboring Lodges, seven Past District Deputy Grand Masters, and twelve Past Masters of other Lodges in the vicinity.

A paper entitled "The Historical Background of Philanthropic Lodge", written by Brother Tracy L. Sanborn, was read by Worshipful Brother Charles Goodwin. This was a resume of the history of the Lodge, also written by Brother Sanborn. Copies of the history were distributed to the Brethren, and a rising vote of thanks and appreciation was extended to the authoi. In a stirring address, Grand Master Allen lauded the splendid record of our ancient Lodge, and referred to the Masonic career of Elbridge Gerry of Marblehead, Vice President of the United States.

MASONIC VETERANS' MEDALS PRESENTED

Past Grand Master Arthur D. Prince delivered the greetings and congratulations of the Grand Lodge to old Philanthropic, and our Senior Past Master, Worshipful William H. Wormstead, spoke most entertainingly of the work of our Lodge when he was Master in 1873 and 1874. The fine tenor voice of Brother Howard W. Bragdon was heard in several solos.

The meeting concluded with the presentation by Grand Master Allen of Masonic Veterans' Medals to the following Brethren of Philanthropic Lodge: Isaac Atkins, raised in 1884; Horace C. Bessom, raised in 1881; and Emery Brown, raised in 1885. At the conclusion of this ceremony, the Grand Master conferred on Worshipful Brother Wormstead the Joseph Warren Medal for distinguished service to Freemasonry.

LADIES' NIGHT ENDS THE FESTIVITIES

The following evening, Wednesday, March 20, the 175th Anniversary Celebration was concluded with a concert, entertainment and dance at Ladies' Night in Abbot Hall. The musical program was most pleasingly rendered by the following artists: The North Shore Society Orchestra, the Schubert Trio, trumpeter Walter M. Smith, violinist Jane Corson, pianist-soprano Alice Gilbert, and cellist-contralto Louisa Wood. Nan Lagerstadt delighted the Brethren and their ladies with clever impersonations and character sketches. Refreshments and general dancing wound up the evening.

Three months later, on June 18, 1935, by unanimous vote of the Lodge, Brother Tracy L. Sanborn was made an Honorary Member of Philanthropic Lodge, for his work in compiling the history of the Lodge. This honor has been rarely awarded to anyone except Past Masters, and was deeply appreciated by Brother Sanborn.

OUR LODGE MAKES A GIFT TO THE NAVY

Lewis Doane became Master in October of 1935, and was followed in the East by Chester C. Parker in 1937. During Worshipful Brother Parker's mastership, a framed picture of the famous square and compasses shown and described at the beginning of this booklet was sent with the compliments of the Lodge to the U. S. S. Mugford, a warship named after Marblehead's naval hero of 1776. The commander of the Mugford in thanking the Lodge wrote that the picture had been hung in the ship's wardroom.

In 1939, Right Worshipful Rufus L. Titus, Past Master of our Lodge, received the Henry Price Medal for distinguished Masonic service, and in the same year the long-needed revision of Philanthropic's by-laws was completed and adopted by the Lodge.

William Chisholm succeeded Worshipful Master Parker on October 17, 1939. The many years of honorable service in Freemasonry by Worshipful Brother Charles Goodwin were recognized officially in 1939, when he received the Joseph Warren Medal.

The mastership of William Chisholm was followed by those of Warren E. Home in 1941, Carl B. Gleason in 1943, and G. Jeffrey Nichols in 1945.

PHILANTHROPIC MOVES TO A NEW HOME

When Harry O. Hiltz became Master on October 21, 1947, the long-discussed matter of moving to new quarters came to a head. With the remarkable growth in membership, it was felt that a larger lodge-room and one easier of access was highly desirable. The time was not yet ripe for building or acquiring a Temple of our own, so the Lodge officers and members determined to continue renting a lodge-room for the next few years at least.

After long and careful consideration, satisfactory arrangements were completed with Atlantic Lodge of Odd Fellows for the use of the large and attractive lodge-room on the second floor of their building, opposite the Post Office on Pleasant Street. And here, after 49 years' occupancy of the F. N. Osborne building across from the railroad station, Philanthropic Lodge moved its quarters in the spring of 1949.

Our first meeting in the Odd Fellows Building was held on June 19, 1949, when 70 Brethren assembled there before marching to the Old North Church for St. John's Day services. Two days later, on June 21, our new lodge-room witnessed its first Third Degree, when five men were raised to the Degree of Master Mason.

A DECADE OF STEADY GROWTH IN MEMBERSHIP

Worshipful Master Hiltz handed the gavel to Kenneth H. Martin on October 18, 1949. Past Master Hiltz was later honored by the Grand Lodge of Massachussets, serving with distinction and kindly humor as District Deputy Grand Master for the Eighth (Lynn) Masonic District. In Philanthropic's roll of 58 Masters, only five other Brethren have gained that honor.

Our Lodge has continued to grow under the successive masterships of Benjamin F. Martin (elected in 1951), Nilsson S. Bassett (1953), Robert D. Fallon (1955), and Irving B. Oliver (1957).

Since 1935 the membership of Philanthropic has increased eighty-one percent. As of March 25, 1960, we have 710 members. Sixteen hundred and ninety-four Brethren have knelt at Philanthropic's Altar since Dr. John Lowell assembled our twenty-two Charter Members in the old Commodore Tucker House on Prospect Street two centuries ago.

George S. Lawler, our present Master, was installed on October 20, 1959. During his mastership, Philanthropic Lodge has reached a great landmark in its history, its 200th anniversary. Only two other Masonic Lodges in Massachusetts have attained this age. The event was celebrated in a series of distinguished commemorative exercises, and the complete program of the 200th anniversary-celebration is given as an appendix in the booklet.

Worshipful Brother Lawler is proving a worthy successor to the fifty-seven Masters who have preceded him in the Oriental Chair of old Philanthropic Lodge.

We have come to the end of our story. Two centuries of Masonic history have unrolled before us. Surely the chronicle has shown us that we are Brethren of a Lodge whose glorious record in both peace and war is unsurpassed in Masonic annals.

Venerable Philanthropic is a Lodge to be proud of — nay more, a Lodge to love and cherish! If the reading of this history has strengthened your affection for this grand old Institution, as the writing of it has done for your historian, then indeed is my labor well repaid.

May the future of Philanthropic be as glorious as her past!

And in the Temple of Freemasonry throughout the ages, "Sometimes the work goes on in deep darkness, sometimes in blinding light; now under the burden of unutterable anguish — now to the tune of great laughter and heroic shoutings like the cry of thunder. Sometimes, in the silence of the night-time, one may hear the tiny hammerings of the Comrades at work up in the dome — the Comrades that have climbed ahead!"

OTHER

  • 1810 (Report on irregularities, II-442)

EVENTS

OFFICER LIST, FEBRUARY 1826

From Masonic Mirror and Mechanics' Intelligencer, Vol. II, No. 7, February 1826, Page 50:

Officers of Philanthropic Lodge, Marblehead:

  • Bro. Josiah P. Creasy, Master.
  • Bro. Samuel S. Trefry, Senior Warden.
  • Bro. John Gilley, Junior Warden.
  • Bro. Nathaniel L. Hooper, Treasurer.
  • Bro. Isaac Colyer, Secretary.
  • Bro. Abel Gardiner, S. Deacon.
  • Bro. Jason Chamberlan, John Harris, Stewards.
  • Bro. Eleazer Hooper, Tyler.

OFFICER LIST, JANUARY 1827

From Masonic Mirror and Mechanics' Intelligencer, Vol. III, No. 4, January 1827, Page 26:

Officers of Philanthropic Lodge, Marblehead:

  • Bro. Jonah T. Creasy, Master.
  • Bro. Samuel S. Trefry, Senior Warden.
  • Bro. John Gilley, Junior Warden.
  • Bro. Nathaniel L. Hooper, Treasurer.
  • Bro. Isaac Colyer, Secretary.
  • Bro. Abel Gardiner, S. D.
  • Bro. Joseph P. Turner, J. D.
  • Bro. Eleazer Hooper, Marshal.
  • Bro. Joseph Hidden, S. S.
  • Bro. John Orne, Jun., J. S.
  • Bro. John Dennis, Tyler.

OFFICER LIST, FEBRUARY 1832

From Masonic Mirror, New Series, Vol. III, No. 33, February 1832, Page 259:’’

  • R. W. Samuel S. Trefry, Master.
  • Joseph W. Green, S. W.
  • Michel Coombs, J. W.
  • Daniel Weed, T.
  • Isaac Collyer, Sec'y.
  • Benjamin Brown, S. D.
  • John Harris, J. D.
  • Abel Gardner, S. S.
  • Samuel Martin, J. S.
  • David Blaney, Marshal.
  • Reuben Cahoon, Tyler.

INSTALLATION OF OFFICERS, FEBRUARY 1847

From Moore's Freemason's Monthly, Vol. VI, No. 4, February 1847, p. 108:

On the 20th, the officers of Philanthropic Lodge, Marblehead, were publicly installed. Address by Rev. Br. Randall.

GRAND MASTER VISIT, MAY 1880

From Liberal Freemason, Vol. IV, No. 2, May 1880, Page 63:

On Tuesday evening, May 4th. the M. W. G. Master, Charles A. Welch, with other officers and members of the Grand Lodge, visited Marblehead, and in accordance with a vote of the Grand Lodge in March last, re-established Philanthropic Lodge. We have before alluded to the fact that this Lodge was chartered in 1760, and is the third oldest on the roll. The occasion was very pleasant and interesting, and the prospects of the Lodge hopeful. The Secretary read a paper, giving extracts from the history of the Lodge, and which we hope to obtain for publication. Those who heard it, pronounce it one of the most interesting Lodge histories in the State. Worshipful Master Doak and Secretary Hatheway, received many compliments from the Grand officers and others present.

165TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION, MARCH 1925

From New England Craftsman, Vol. XX, No. 7, April 1925, Page 249:

Philanthropic lodge, A. F. & A. M. of Marblehead, Mass., observed its 165th anniversary, Tuesday evening March 24, with a banquet in Odd Fellows hall, attended by fully 300 members and guests. The feature was an address by past Grand Master Arthur D. Prince, of Lowell. It had been planned to have an historical address by the Kev. Thomas M. Mark, of South Boston, a member of the lodge. This however, will be read at a later meeting.

The first Masons in the town of Marblehead were made in Boston by Jeremy Gridley, Provincial Grand Master, on March 25, 1760, but nothing was done toward forming a lodge for some years. An application for a charter was granted in tho meantime, but as the members didn't meet but once a year, it was declared forfeited. The charter was restored and a regular lodge was formed on Jan. 15, 1778. Richard Harris was the first worshipful master and served until 1781.

The war of 1812 took so many of the able-bodied men out of the town that few Masons were left: and so on June 23, 1812, the lodge voted to surrender its charter. For tho ensuing nine years there was no Masonic lodge in the town but in April 1821 the charter was returned and tho Rev. John Bartlett was chosen Worshipful Master.

A square and compass captured by Capt. James Mugford on the powder ship Hope in Boston harbor in 1775 are still used as working tools by the lodge, and the tyler uses a sword famous in history.

225TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION, MARCH 1985

From TROWEL, Summer 1985, Page 2:

Philanthropic Lodge, 1760-1985

We salute thee Philanthropic, our Lodge down by the sea;
Resplendent in tradition, and acclaimed in history;
She was gathered in 1760, by those men of Marblehead;
Whom we honor here today, for that godly life they led.
They built a great fraternity, as they toiled with might and main;
In their labors to fulfill, and that goal they did attain.
So may we now who follow those forebears of the past To ever hold our banner high, for so long as time may last.

- Stephen Fagg

Philanthropic Lodge Renews Its Strong Tie to America
By Dana T. Hughes

Philanthropic Lodge of Marblehead, the third oldest Lodge chartered in Massachusetts, paused in its deliberations on March 22-24 to take note of its 225th birthday and the strong link that Lodge has had with America's history. Festivities began with a special communication, a ladies night dinner-dance, and a memorial service held in historic Old North Church of Boston. Grand Master David B. Richardson and Grand Lodge officers joined in the celebration.

Until 1649 a part of Salem, Marblehead was settled 20 years earlier by fishermen. While the town is now a mecca for sailors of small craft during August race week, privateers like the Hannah, Lee, and Franklin rendered noteworthy service for the colonists during the Revolutionary War. It's a town and a Lodge that boasts of Bro. John Pulling who, on the night of the 19th of April in '75, opened the door of Old North to admit Robert Newman so he could climb to the belfry and warn Paul Revere and his cohorts that it was time to begin a new nation.

PhilanthropicCharter1985.jpg
Displaying the Old Charter of Philanthropic Lodge, Marblehead. are:
R. W. Warren R. Davis, D. D. G. M., Lynn 8th Masonic District; and the Master of Philanthropic Lodge. Dincer Ulutas.
Dated Jan. 14. 1778. this ancient document succeeded the commission granted to Dr. John Lowell on March 25, 1760,
for establishing a Masonic Lodge in Marblehead. The reverse side carries an annotation
signed by Grand Master Paul Revere, dated June 12, 1797, which formally named the Lodge 'Philanthropic.'
Previously, it had been known as 'Marblehead Lodge.'

It was the 25th of March, 1760, when Dr. John Lowell of Marblehead received from Jeremy Gridley, Grand Master of St. John's Grand Lodge of Boston, his commission as the first Worshipful Master of the new-born Philanthropic Lodge. The colonies were just closing out the French and Indian War, Quebec had fallen to Wolfe's army, and six months after the new Lodge was chartered French domination in Montreal would end.

What were those early days like in the new Lodge? Who were the men? There must have been some interesting meetings because minutes read in other old Lodges have proven fascinating and often humorous. Philanthropic sadly admits that the records of its first 18 years are missing — a tragedy that ought to warn other old chartered Masonic Lodges to keep records in security against fire and theft.

Two or three references in the old records of Grand Lodge, a notation on the old charter, and a precious letter written April 10, 1760, by Wor. Master Lowell to R. W. John Leverett, Grand Secretary, is the only proof and reminder the Lodge can offer. The first references to Marblehead in Grand Lodge, Jan. 31, 1757, tell of a meeting in the Royal Exchange Tavern in Boston, and state: "Our Right Worshipfull G. M. acquainted the Lodge that the occasion of this Meeting was for to make Capt. Harry Charters, Capt. Gilbert McAdams, aide-de-Camp Doctor Richard Huch, and Mr. John Appy Secy to the Earl of Loudoun with Mr. John Melvill, Masons (who came to town from Marblehead with Bro. Lowell on purpose to be made a Mason), which the Lodge unanimously agreed to."

The following letter is of such importance to Philanthropic Lodge's existence and its precedence to 1760, that it should be published, and it is quoted in full:

Marblehead April 10. 5760.

To the Right Worshipfull Brother
John Leverett, Grand Secretary.

Right Worshipful Brother, I Rec'd the Commission you sent me from the Right Worshipfull Grand Master bearing Date the 25th Ult°. to Act as Master of a Lodge in Marblehead. When I have a Convenient Oppertunity in person I shall Endeavour to Acknowlege the favour in a proper manner to him & the Rest of the Right Worshipfull Officers. I Likewise have Received your Letter of the 2d. Inst: Inviting me & my Wardens by Order of the Right Worshipfull Grand Master to the Grand Lodge or Quarterly Communication. I Am Sorry I cant do myself that Pleasure, My Wife Expecting to Lay in with a Child this month & the Time is so Uncertain that I cant possibly be from home, But our Brothers Glover and Tucker whom I have Appointed my Wardens (Pro Tempore) will wait upon you. Inclosed I have sent you the Names of those whom I found to be Brethren in the Town and whom I have made at two meetings 6ince I opened the Lodge. I have thought fit at present to hold our Lodge in a Chamber of our Brother Tukers House which is at the Entrance of the Town the Largest and Best Situated upon all Accounts we have among us. The Night of our Meeting is the first Thursday in every Month. Our Last Meeting Consisted of Twenty in Number when I mentioned to them the Charity for our poor Brethren. As We have Been at Considerable Expcnce for Things Necessary to furnish our Lodge Genteelly it has taken up all the Money in our Box which we have got by Admitting New Brethren and more, so that we could not send you so much as perhaps this Necessitous time requires, our Lodge being Young & Few. But as a Number of our Brethren have we Collected among us Forty pounds Old Tenor which my Wardens will deliver you & hope the Sum tho' Small will be acceptable.
I am Right Worshipfull
Your Humble Servant & Brother
Jn". Lowell

A List of Brothers before the Opening of a Lodge in Marblehead
and Belonging to the Same Town.

  • Samuel Glover S: W:
  • Andrew Tucker J: W:
  • John Roades Secy.
  • Jonathan Glover Treasurer
  • Henery Saunders
  • Samuel Reed
  • John Glover
  • George Stacey
  • Edward Middlesex Walker.
  • Andrew Tuker Junr.
  • John Peirce
  • John Reed Junr.


A List of Brothers Admitted in the New Lodge at Marblehead
all belonging to Marblehead

  • John Cawley
  • Thomas Lewis
  • Edward Fitterplace
  • John Pulling
  • Thomas King
  • Thomas Dixey
  • Thomas Aden
  • Richard Harris
  • except Edward Draper Holford of St. Kitts.

Among the 22 charter members are: John Glover, later Colonel of the Marblehead Regiment and Brig. Gen. in Washington's army; Edward Fettyplace, member of the Revolutionary Committee of Correspondence and Captain of the Melrose Company; John Pulling, intimate friend of Paul Revere and prominent patriot who financially suffered in his business because of the roles he played to assist Revere; and Richard Harris, artilleryman in the Continental Army, town and federal official.

At an April 11,1760, meeting of St. John's Grand Lodge it is recorded that Wardens Glover and Tucker faithfully carried out their mission and presented for charity 5 pounds 6 shillings and 8 pence. The second is the Grand Lodge record of Oct. 10, 1760, telling that Bro. Thomas Lewis presented 18 shillings. It continues: "NB the Commission to hold their Lodge dated March 25,1760, from ye G Master in Boston J. G." — meaning, Jeremy Gridley. The final record is the diploma granted to John Pulling on June 9, 1761. That diploma is now safely kept in the archives of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts.

Although there are no records to show the first 18 years' activities of Philanthropic Lodge, the aforementioned letter and records of St. John's Grand Lodge attest to the issuance of a charter and some transactions made, plus Bro. Pulling's diploma. The Marblehead Lodge is preceded only by St. John's Lodge (1733) and the Lodge of St. Andrew (1756), both of Boston.

When John Rowe became Grand Master in 1768 Samuel Glover and others from Marblehead applied to him for a charter. Perhaps the warrant issued in 1760 had lapsed. On Jan. 14, 1778, Grand Master Rowe issued to a committee of the Lodge the treasured old charter that is now secured in a bank. First recorded degree work was Jan. 22, 1778, for "Enterd aprinticeis." The first black cube was noted Feb. 16, 1778, and the first Fellowcraft Degree is dated March 5, 1778, and it states, "pipes and tobacker was furnished." A month later, on April 16, "the Mystic Word of the Third Degree was pronounced for the first time."

Once a popular townsman's application was repeatedly rejected and the Master chose to appoint a committee to resolve the problem. With the wisdom of Solomon the committee suggested that the Lodge "Suspend the rule and admit the candidate." It was done. Convivial souls indeed were our early Brethren and often the overindulgence of spirits presented Lodge room problems that were dealt with effectively. The first death recorded is that of Henry Saunders on April 21, 1778. He was one of the charter members. Masonic burial services took the members to Salem, Ipswich, and "Mr. William Obrian of mechias," probably Machias, ME.

The first celebration of St. John's Day was June 25, 1778. A gathering of 39 Brethren and Deputy Grand Master Moses Deshon "walked from the Lodge in Procession to the Rev. William Whitwel's meeting house where we had an oration Deliverd by Bro. Barnard Sweatt and after Singing of the 133 and 134 Psalms we walked in the abov order to Bro. Peter Green's and theire Celebrated the Feast and at Seven-o'-Clock Returnd to the Log and at Eight-o'-Clock the Bisness being finishd the Log was Closd in Due Form."

Records of Grand Lodge and our subordinate Lodges fail to properly record events of the Revolutionary and Civil Wars. M. W. Thomas S. Roy, in his book Stalwart Builders, takes note of that fact and he was always puzzled why the Brethren who fought in the wars had not been recorded. The first and only reference of the Revolutionary War in Philanthropic records occurs Oct. 14, 1778, four months after Gen. Washington had won the Battle of Monmouth, when a "Committee of three was appointed to Wait upon the agents of the Privateer Raven to Parole Bro. Laborn and Bro. Hunter."

The national coinage was apparently confusing to everybody when British rule ended and a new nation struggled with the change from pounds and shillings to paper and "hard dolers." Rent paid to Peter Jaynes for use of his second floor apartment for Lodge meetings was made in twelve pounds in money and sixteen cords of wood per annum. That early home of the Lodge still stands at 37 Mugford St.; called the old Prentiss Home, it served Philanthropic well for many years.

PhilanthropicOfficers1985.jpg
Shown in the East are the 1985-86 Officers of Philanthropic Lodge. Marblehead:
George A. Carlton. Tyler: Glover B. Preble, Senior Steward: James F. Keating, Senior Deacon:
Emerson E. Glass. Chaplain; John B. Palmer. Treasurer; Kenneth O. Glass. Senior Warden;
Dincer Ulutas. Wor. Master; Peter J. B. Teague. Junior Warden; Douglas F. Hulsman. Secretary;
James C. Full. Marshal; Kline O. Ingalls. Junior Deacon; and Robert A. Nickerson, Subst. Officer.

Photo by Dana F. Hughes </blockquote> From April 20, 1786, to Feb. 1, 1797, there is a break in the records. Did the Lodge fail to meet during those 11 years? Was there a lack of interest? Nobody will ever know, but on June 12, 1797, the Lodge was formally received under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts which voted that "the Name of the Lodge meeting in Marblehead from henceforth be Called PHILANTHROPIC LODGE." It was signed by Grand Master Paul Revere and Grand Secretary Daniel Oliver. The ancient charter issued by Grand Master Rowe in 1778 was returned to the Lodge after being in use 37 years as "Marblehead Lodge." The first Grand Lodge visitation in Philanthropic Lodge occurred Nov. 23, 1798. Wor. Elisha Story received Grand Master Josiah Bartlett and nine Grand Lodge officers, one of whom was Paul Revere. The Lodge was opened at 7 P.M. and closed at 9 P.M. but no written words can enlighten us as to what transpired between those hours. The Lodge lamented the death of Ill. George Washington. Bro. Joseph Story, who later was appointed Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, delivered the eulogy. Another break in the records occurs from May 4, 1803, to Jan. 10, 1809. However, the Lodge must have been active because it was recorded at Quarterly Communications of Grand Lodge. In 1811 collections were taken to help free Brethren from the "Barbary corsairs" imprisoned in Algiers. The hated Embargo Act, domestic distress, and the impending war against Great Britain were reflected in the loss of interest in the Lodge. A committee was chosen to select "such Articles as belong to the Grand Lodge and return them with the Charter." The Tiler was bequeathed the candles and liquor. Nine years went by, years when Philanthropic Brethren shed their blood on the decks of "Old Ironsides" and in countless privateer and frigate actions, or rotted in Dartmoor and the British prison hulks at Portsmouth and Southampton. Interest was revived and on June 13, 1821, Grand Master John Dixwell formally restored the charter to the Lodge. Domestic disputes often surfaced as the result of heated debates among members. "Some easiness" arose between two Brethren occasioned by the impolite remarks of one toward the other's granddaughter. The Lodge settled the issue in open meeting to the satisfaction of both parties. The Lodge attended the laying of the cornerstone at Bunker Hill at which Gen. Lafayette was present and recorded the event as "the largest assembly of people that ever met at one time in the United States of America." The anti-Masonic era took its toll and the beautiful chandelier was auctioned for $50 in a desperate attempt to raise money to pay the rent to the Free School Association. Finally, on May 21, 1834, the 16 members present voted to surrender the charter. M.W. Augustus Peabody returned the charter March 12, 1845, to 20 loyal Craftsmen headed by Wor. John Bartlett. Employing "silence and circumspection" a committee of sleuths apparently learned who was causing "leakage of private Masonic matters."


GRAND LODGE OFFICERS

OTHER BROTHERS


DISTRICTS

1803: District 2 (Newburyport and North Shore)

1835: District 2

1849: District 2

1867: District 5 (Salem)

1883: District 8 (Salem)

1911: District 8 (Lynn)

1927: District 8 (Lynn)

2003: District 9


LINKS

Lodge web site

Massachusetts Lodges