JOHN CUTLER, Grand Master
During 1794, the forms and functions of the Grand Lodge - as well as the layout of its Proceedings - assumed a more regular pattern. The Grand Lodge had become a regular tenant of the Concert Hall, and would be situated there for some time to come; in the meanwhile, its attention was being drawn to the growing roster of lodges in Boston as well as locations all over the state. On February 5, Harmonic Lodge was consecrated by Grand Master Cutler and the Grand Lodge, at which time the lodge was presented with a Charter-at-large. This would be the high point of the Grand Lodge's relations with this organization, as it would soon become a problem for the next Grand Master. In the meanwhile, petitions were being presented at each Quarterly Communication for new lodges in various locations; some were accepted, while others (such as the one presented by "Salem Towne and others" for a lodge at Charlton - a name familiar to visitors to Old Sturbridge Village) were set aside. In December 1794 the Grand Lodge made its intentions known regarding growth – that locations desiring to erect lodges would have to support them adequately, and that there would be no overpopulation in locations where lodges already existed (such as Boston).
The Grand Master was particular in his desire to establish certain important precedents. Notably, he wanted to make note of his desire to keep the authority of the Grand Lodge within due bounds, perhaps with the intention of imposing such restraint on other jurisdictions as well. In September, the Grand Lodge endorsed the Grand Master's intention in a letter to be sent to the Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Rhode Island "informing them that it is the intention and full determination of this Grand Lodge, not to grant any charter of erection to any Lodge out of this commonwealth, where another Grand Lodge has jurisdiction."
His three years of service complete, Grand Master Cutler did not stand for further election; the Grand Lodge first offered the chair to Past Grand Master John Warren, who declined the honor; and after some deliberation, settled on Paul Revere. He was duly installed at the December communication, opening a new chapter in the history of Massachusetts Freemasonry.
- 03/10 (Concert Hall, Boston): II-53;
- II-53: Committee on fee for Grand Secretary‘s services.
- II-54: Return of Old Colony Lodge, Hanover.
- II-54: Report on Grand Secretary‘s accounts.
- 06/09 (Concert Hall, Boston): II-56;
- II-56: Petition for Hancock Lodge, Penobscot, Maine; granted
- II-56: Petition for Melchizedeck, Boston (same petitioners as St. Paul's in 1793)
- II-56: Petition for lodge at Charlton ("Salem Towne and others")
- II-56: Petition for Franklin Lodge to meet in Cheshire and Lanesborough, to sit six months in each. Voted to allow the lodge to meet in Cheshire only.
- II-57: Report on Grand Treasurer‘s accounts.
- II-57: Petition to allow Federal Lodge, Blandford, to meet alternately in Chester and Blanford; granted.
- 09/10 (Concert Hall, Boston): II-58;
- II-58ff: Correspondence with various lodges.
- II-59: Charlton lodge petition withdrawn.
- II-59: Letter to Grand Lodge of Rhode Island stating that Massachusetts Grand Lodge will not grant charters in states where there is a Grand Jurisdiction in existence.
- 12/08 (Concert Hall, Boston): II-60;
- 02/05 (Concert Hall, Boston): II-51;
- II-51: Consecration of Harmonic Lodge, Boston.
- 12/12 (Concert Hall, Boston): II-64;
- II-64: Committee to examine Grand Treasurer and Grand Secretary‘s accounts.
- II-64: Grand Master Revere installed by Grand Master Cutler; appointments of other Grand Lodge officers.
- II-65: Petition for Columbian Lodge, Boston; withdrawn.
LIST OF LODGES IN MASSACHUSETTS: 1794
|No.||Location||Lodge||Precedence Date||Chartering Body|
|1||Boston||St. John's (Boston)||07/30/1733||St. John's Grand Lodge|
|2||Boston||Master's||01/02/1738||St. John's Grand Lodge|
|3||Boston||Rising States||11/30/1752||Massachusetts Grand Lodge|
|4||Marblehead||Lodge at Marblehead||03/25/1760||Massachusetts Grand Lodge|
|5||Portland (Me.)||Lodge at Portland||03/30/1762||St. John's Grand Lodge|
|6||Newburyport||St. John's (Newburyport)||07/17/1766||St. John's Grand Lodge|
|7||Gloucester||The Tyrian||03/02/1770||Massachusetts Grand Lodge|
|8||Boston||The Massachusetts||05/13/1770||Massachusetts Grand Lodge|
|9||Nantucket||Union (Nantucket)||05/27/1771||St. John's Grand Lodge|
|10||Newburyport||St. Peter's||03/06/1773||Massachusetts Grand Lodge|
|11||Stockbridge||Berkshire||03/08/1777||Massachusetts Grand Lodge|
|12||Lancaster||Trinity||02/15/1776||Massachusetts Grand Lodge|
|13||Machias (Me.)||Warren||09/04/1778||Massachusetts Grand Lodge|
|14||Ipswich||Unity||03/09/1779||Massachusetts Grand Lodge|
|15||Charlestown||King Solomon's||09/05/1783||Massachusetts Grand Lodge|
|16||Northampton||Hampshire||01/30/1784||Massachusetts Grand Lodge|
|17||Williamstown||Friendship||07/23/1785||Massachusetts Grand Lodge|
|18||Boston||Harmonic||12/08/1790||Massachusetts Grand Lodge|
|19||Salem||Essex||06/11/1792||Grand Lodge of Massachusetts|
|20||Wiscasset (Me.)||Lincoln||06/01/1792||Grand Lodge of Massachusetts|
|21||Hanover||Old Colony||12/10/1792||Grand Lodge of Massachusetts|
|22||Blandford||Federal||12/10/1792||Grand Lodge of Massachusetts|
|23||Worcester||Morning Star||06/11/1793||Grand Lodge of Massachusetts|
|24||Cheshire||Franklin||06/09/1794||Grand Lodge of Massachusetts|
|25||Penobscot (Me.)||Hancock||06/09/1794||Grand Lodge of Massachusetts|
|26||Greenfield||Republican||U.D.||Grand Lodge of Massachusetts|